Metropolitan areas in Romania

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There are 10 metropolitan areas in Romania that have been constituted as of 2013.

Legislative status[edit]

The current legislation in Romania regulates the status of the 265 cities according to their population and regional importance:

  • Rank 0 – Bucharest, the capital of Romania - municipality of European importance
  • Rank I – municipality of national importance, with regional role and potential influence at European level
  • Rank II – municipality of national, regional or county-level importance, or with equilibrium role in the network of cities
  • Rank III – cities

Legislation also restricts the possibility to engage into a metropolitan area project to only those cities that are of rank 0 or I.[1] Here is a list of the municipalities that as of 2007 can for metropolitan areas around them with approximate populations.[2] Only three zones have been officially constituted by the end of 2007: Oradea, Iasi and Constanta.[3] At least 9 others are at the level of project.

Constituted metropolitan zones[edit]

  • Constanța metropolitan area[8] (since December 2007) – It hosts 70% of the county population, 446,595 inhabitants,[5] on an area totaling 33% of the administrative territory of Constanța.[9]
  • Satu Mare metropolitan area (since 2013) – In 2013, the population of the metropolitan area was estimated at 243,600, with a total area of 1,988 km². It includes 3 cities and 22 communes.

Planned metropolitan zones[edit]

  • Bucharest metropolitan area[15] – Today it has a population of about 2.2 million and is only slightly larger than the city proper. There are plans to greatly enlarge the metropolitan area all the way to the Danube. A possible name would be Greater Bucharest.[16] Currently, the project advances slowly.[17]
  • Danube metropolitan area[20] – It is formed by the cities of Galaţi and Brăila and is estimated to have a population of about 450,000. From the establishment, it will be the second largest conurbation in Romania.

Statistics[edit]

Map of the metropolitan areas of Romania (including the proposed ones)
  Main city
  Adjacent localities
  Legally constituted metropolitan areas
  Proposed metropolitan areas
Name Population (2011) Area Density
Bucharest Metropolitan Area 2,272,163 1,811 km² 1,254/km²
Lower Danube Metropolitan Area 496,844 1,702.17 km² 291/km²
Constanța Metropolitan Area 425,916 1,013.5 km² 420/km²
Cluj-Napoca Metropolitan Area 411,379 1,537.54 km² 268/km²
Timișoara Metropolitan Area* 384,809 1,070.48 km² 359/km²
Iași Metropolitan Area 382,484 808 km² 473/km²
Brașov Metropolitan Area 369,896 1,368.58 km² 270/km²
SuceavaBotoșani Conurbation 305,060 1,117.46 km² 273/km²
Craiova Metropolitan Area 285,098 419.2 km² 680/km²
Ploiești Metropolitan Area 276,279 478 km² 577/km²
Oradea Metropolitan Area 235,462 773 km² 305/km²
Satu Mare Metropolitan Area 233,306 2,251.09 km² 104/km²
Bacău Metropolitan Area 216,649 848.32 km² 255/km²
Baia Mare Metropolitan Area 215,932 1,395.38 km² 154/km²
Pitești Metropolitan Area 213,212 446.21 km² 477/km²
Târgu Mureș Metropolitan Area 197,717 669.01 km² 295/km²
Arad Metropolitan Area* 191,880 570.23 km² 336/km²
Râmnicu Vâlcea Metropolitan Area 163,650 942.65 km² 173/km²
Corvina Conurbation 149,198 409.35 km² 364/km²
Piatra Neamț Metropolitan Area 131,086 706.84 km² 185/km²

*Timișoara and Arad intend to form the Arad–Timișoara Conurbation.[25]

Municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants[edit]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Romanian)[1][dead link]
  2. ^ (Romanian) "Map of Romanian cities that can have metropolitan areas - in maroon"
  3. ^ Zona Metropolitană, viitorul dezvoltării urbane: Informaţia de Mureş
  4. ^ Zona Metropolitana Iasi
  5. ^ a b c d e INS INS 1.01.2009(Romanian) Archived 26 July 2009 at WebCite
  6. ^ Zona Metropolitana Oradea
  7. ^ Târgu Mureș metropolitan area official site
  8. ^ Zona Metropolitana Constanta
  9. ^ "Constanța Metropolitan Area, officially in December", Telegraf Online Constanța
  10. ^ Microsoft Word - Strategie_zona_metropolitana.doc[dead link]
  11. ^ Zona Metropolitana Urbana si Strategii de Dezvoltare a Zonei Metropolitane Cluj-Napoca
  12. ^ "Zona Metropolitana Urbana" (in Romanian). CJ Cluj. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  13. ^ Eroare > EVZ.ro
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ Proiect - Zona metropolitana Bucuresti
  16. ^ (Romanian) Zona Metropolitana Bucuresti ar urma sa se intinda pana la Dunare
  17. ^ NewsReport - Zona Metropolitana Bucuresti, un proiect fara strategii si planuri concrete, uitat la sertar
  18. ^ Zona Metropolitană Timişoara | Primaria Timisoara | Secţiuni | Proiecte importante ale municipalitatii
  19. ^ Util: Primaria Municipiului Timisoara lanseaza o dezbatere privind Zona Metropolitana
  20. ^ Zona metropolitana Galati-Braila va avea un statut de functionare peste trei saptamani - Stiri din Real-Estate pe Wall-Street
  21. ^ ADL BACAU - Totul despre Zona metropolitana Bacau
  22. ^ Conducere pentru ZONA METROPOLITANĂ BACĂU « Ziarul Observator de Bacau
  23. ^ Administratia locala - Zona metropolitana Ploiesti prinde contur
  24. ^ Victor Cozmei (20 September 2013). "Suceava și Botoșaniul vor să se unească într-un pol de dezvoltare care să rivalizeze cu Iașiul: tren de mare viteză, stadion în comun, drum expres și dezvoltarea aeroportului". HotNews.ro. 
  25. ^ "Studiu de potențial privind dezvoltarea la nivelul municipiilor Timișoara și Arad" (PDF). ADR Vest (in Romanian). 
  26. ^ "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 

See also[edit]