Metropolitan areas in Romania

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There are 10 metropolitan areas in Romania that have been constituted or are planned to be constituted in the near future.

Legislative status[edit]

The current legislation in Romania regulates the status of the 265 cities according to their population and regional importance:

  • Rank 0 - Bucharest, the capital of Romania - municipality of "European" importance
  • Rank I —municipality of national importance, with regional role and potential influence at European level
  • Rank II —municipality of national, regional or county-level importance, or with equilibrium role in the network of cities
  • Rank III — cities

Legislation also restricts the possibility to engage into a metropolitan area project to only those cities that are of rank 0 or I.[1] Here is a list of the municipalities that as of 2007 can for metropolitan areas around them with approximate populations.[2] Only three zones have been officially constituted by the end of 2007: Oradea, Iasi and Constanta.[3] At least 9 others are at the level of project.

Constituted metropolitan zones[edit]

  • Constanța metropolitan area[8] (since December 2007) – It hosts 70% of the county population, 446,595 inhabitants,[5] on an area totaling 33% of the administrative territory of Constanța.[9]
  • Satu Mare metropolitan area (since 2013) – In 2013, the population of the metropolitan area was estimated at 243,600, with a total area of 1,988 km². It includes 3 cities and 22 communes.

Metropolitan zones in project[edit]

  • Bucharest metropolitan area[15] – Today it has a population of about 2.2 million and is only slightly larger than the city proper. There are plans to greatly enlarge the metropolitan area all the way to the Danube. A possible name would be Greater Bucharest.[16] Currently, the project advances slowly.[17]
  • Cantemir metropolitan area[20] – It is formed by the cities of Galaţi and Brăila and is estimated to have a population of about 450,000. From the establishment, it will be the second largest conurbation in Romania.

Statistics[edit]

  Constituted
  In process of constitution
Name Population (2011) Area Density
Bucharest Metropolitan Area 2,272,163 2,726 km² 833/km²
Lower Danube Metropolitan Area 496,844 1.702,17 km² 291/km²
Constanța Metropolitan Area 425,916 1,013.5 km² 420/km²
Cluj-Napoca Metropolitan Area 418,153 1,537.54 km² 271/km²
Brașov Metropolitan Area 406,611 1,744.83 km² 233/km²
Timișoara Metropolitan Area 384,609 1,070.48 km² 359/km²
Iași Metropolitan Area 382,484 832.26 km² 459/km²
Craiova Metropolitan Area 306,930 776.4 km² 395/km²
Suceava–Botoșani Urban Complex 297,494 1,117.46 km² 266/km²
Ploiești Metropolitan Area 276,145 453.09 km² 609/km²
Oradea Metropolitan Area 245,537 773 km² 317/km²
Satu Mare Metropolitan Area 233,306 2,251.09 km² 103/km²
Bacău Metropolitan Area 216,649 848.32 km² 255/km²
Baia Mare Metropolitan Area 215,932 1,395.38 km² 154/km²
Pitești Metropolitan Area 213,212 446.21 km² 477/km²
Târgu Mureș Metropolitan Area 197,717 669.01 km² 295/km²
Arad Metropolitan Area 191,880 570.23 km² 336/km²
Râmnicu Vâlcea Metropolitan Area 163,650 942.65 km² 173/km²
Corvina Conurbation 149,198 409.35 km² 364/km²
Piatra Neamț Metropolitan Area 131,086 706.84 km² 185/km²

Municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants[edit]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Romanian)[1][dead link]
  2. ^ (Romanian) "Map of Romanian cities that can have metropolitan areas - in maroon"
  3. ^ Zona Metropolitană, viitorul dezvoltării urbane: Informaţia de Mureş
  4. ^ Zona Metropolitana Iasi
  5. ^ a b c d e INS INS 1.01.2009(Romanian) Archived 26 July 2009 at WebCite
  6. ^ Zona Metropolitana Oradea
  7. ^ Târgu Mureș metropolitan area official site
  8. ^ Zona Metropolitana Constanta
  9. ^ "Constanța Metropolitan Area, officially in December", Telegraf Online Constanța
  10. ^ Microsoft Word - Strategie_zona_metropolitana.doc[dead link]
  11. ^ Zona Metropolitana Urbana si Strategii de Dezvoltare a Zonei Metropolitane Cluj-Napoca
  12. ^ "Zona Metropolitana Urbana" (in Romanian). CJ Cluj. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  13. ^ Eroare > EVZ.ro
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ Proiect - Zona metropolitana Bucuresti
  16. ^ (Romanian) Zona Metropolitana Bucuresti ar urma sa se intinda pana la Dunare
  17. ^ NewsReport - Zona Metropolitana Bucuresti, un proiect fara strategii si planuri concrete, uitat la sertar
  18. ^ Zona Metropolitană Timişoara | Primaria Timisoara | Secţiuni | Proiecte importante ale municipalitatii
  19. ^ Util: Primaria Municipiului Timisoara lanseaza o dezbatere privind Zona Metropolitana
  20. ^ Zona metropolitana Galati-Braila va avea un statut de functionare peste trei saptamani - Stiri din Real-Estate pe Wall-Street
  21. ^ ADL BACAU - Totul despre Zona metropolitana Bacau
  22. ^ Conducere pentru ZONA METROPOLITANĂ BACĂU « Ziarul Observator de Bacau
  23. ^ Administratia locala - Zona metropolitana Ploiesti prinde contur
  24. ^ Victor Cozmei (20 September 2013). "Suceava și Botoșaniul vor să se unească într-un pol de dezvoltare care să rivalizeze cu Iașiul: tren de mare viteză, stadion în comun, drum expres și dezvoltarea aeroportului". HotNews.ro. 
  25. ^ "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 

See also[edit]