Metropolitan Borough of Battersea

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Battersea
St Mary
Battersea Arts Centre, Lavender Hill, SW11 (3324322940).jpg
Former Battersea Town Hall (now Arts Centre)
Metropolitan Borough of Battersea shown within the County of London
Battersea within the County of London
Area
 - 1831 3,020 acres (12.2 km2)[1]
 - 1851 2,343 acres (9.48 km2)[1]
 - 1901 2,161 acres (8.75 km2)[1]
Population
 - 1801 3,365[1]
 - 1851 10,560[1]
 - 1901 168,907[1]
Density
 - 1851 4.5/acre
 - 1901 78/acre
History
 - Origin Ancient parish
 - Abolished 1965
 - Succeeded by London Borough of Wandsworth
Status Civil parish (until 1965)
Metropolitan borough (1900—1965)
Government Vestry of the Parish of Battersea (1888—1900)
Battersea Borough Council (1900—1965)
 - HQ Municipal Buildings, Lavender Hill
 - Motto Non Mihi Non Tibi Sed Nobis
(Not for me, not for thee, but for us)
Arms granted to the metropolitan borough in 1955
Coat of arms of the borough council

Battersea was a civil parish and metropolitan borough in the County of London, England. In 1965, the borough was abolished and its area combined with parts of the Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth to form the London Borough of Wandsworth. The borough was administered from Battersea Town Hall on Lavender Hill and the building is now Battersea Arts Centre.

Ancient parish[edit]

As an ancient parish, Battersea was part of the Hundred of Brixton and County of Surrey. It included the exclave of Penge.

Parish in the Metropolis[edit]

In 1855, under the Metropolis Management Act 1855, the civil responsibilities of the parish were passed to the Metropolitan Board of Works. The two parts of the parish were assigned to different districts by the act establishing the MBW: Battersea was included in the area of the Wandsworth District Board of Works and the hamlet of Penge in that of Lewisham District Board of Works. Penge became a civil parish in its own right in 1866.

On 25 March 1888, a separate vestry was formed as a local authority for The parish of Saint Mary Battersea excluding Penge.[2] In 1889, the Local Government Act 1888 reconstituted the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works as the County of London, and Battersea was transferred from Surrey to the new county.[3]

The population of the parish in 1896 was 165,115 and it had adopted the Public Libraries Act 1850 immediately upon obtaining local independence in 1888, with its own vestry. For electoral purposes, the parish was divided into four wards and had 120 elected vestrymen.

Metropolitan borough[edit]

In 1900, the London Government Act 1899 divided the County of London into twenty-eight metropolitan boroughs, and the vestries and district boards were dissolved. The parish became the Metropolitan Borough of Battersea, with the borough council replacing the civil vestry.

The Metropolitan Borough included within its bounds Battersea, Battersea Park, Clapham Junction and parts of Wandsworth Common and Clapham Common.

In 1913, John Archer became mayor of the borough and the first black mayor in the capital.[4]

Ecclesiastical parish[edit]

The ancient parish, dedicated to St Mary, was in the Diocese of Winchester until 1877, then the Diocese of Rochester until 1905, and then finally in the Diocese of Southwark. From 1851, as the population of Battersea increased, a number of new parishes were formed: [5]

  • St George, Nine Elms in 1853
  • Christ Church, Battersea Park in 1861
  • St John, York Road Battersea in 1863
  • St Philip, Queen's Road, Battersea in 1870
  • Church of the Ascension, Lavender Hill in 1871
  • St Saviour, Battersea Park Road in 1872
  • St Peter, Plough Road, Battersea in 1876
  • St Mark, Battersea Rise in 1883
  • All Saints, Queen's Road, Battersea Park in 1884
  • St Michael, Wandsworth Common in 1884
  • St Andrew, Stockdale Road, Battersea in 1886
  • St Stephen, Battersea Bridge Road in 1887
  • St Barnabas, Clapham Common in 1895
  • St Luke, Ramsden Road, Battersea in 1901
  • St Bartholomew, Wickersley Road, Battersea in 1906

A number of new parishes were also formed within the detached part of Battersea parish, the hamlet of Penge: [5]

  • St John the Evangelist, Penge in 1851
  • St Paul, Penge in 1869
  • Holy Trinity, Anerley Road, Penge in 1873
  • Christ Church, Penge in 1886

Coat of arms[edit]

In 1901, the borough adopted an unofficial coat of arms, consisting of a shield vertically divided blue and white, the division line being indented. This design was taken from a flag dating from 1803. On top of the shield was a dove bearing an olive branch. The Latin motto was Non Mihi, Non Tibi, Sed Nobis, or "Neither for myself, nor for yourself, but for us".

In 1955, the borough received an official grant from the College of Arms, based on the old device. The colours in the shield were reversed, and a bordure or heraldic border added. The bordure consisted of silver and blue waves, representative of the River Thames, and bore sixteen gold stars for the sixteen wards of the borough. The new crest on top of the helm was the dove of the 1901 design, with the addition of sprigs of lavender, for the old lavender fields of the area, and Lavender Hill, the main road of Battersea. The old motto was retained.

Area and population[edit]

The area of the Borough was 2,163 acres (8.8 km2). The population recorded in the Census was:

Civil Parish 1801-1899

Year[6] 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 3,365[7] 4,409[7] 4,764 5,311 6,617 10,560 19,600 54,016 107,262 150,558

Metropolitan Borough 1900-1961

Year[8] 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961
Population 168,907 167,743 167,739 159,552 [9] 117,140 105,870

Politics[edit]

The first election to the council was on 1 November 1900, with the Progressive Party taking control of the new borough. They retained power until 1909, when the Municipal Reform Party (allied to the Conservatives) gained a majority. The Progressives regained the council in 1912, holding power until 1919 when the Labour Party gained control. In 1931 the borough come under Municipal Reform control again. Labour regained power in 1934, retaining it for the rest of the borough's existence.

Elections of the whole council were held every three years. Elections were cancelled during the two world wars (1914-1918 and 1939-1945). The 1952 election was postponed for a year so that it did not clash with elections to the London County Council. The number of councillors returned at each election was as follows:.[10]

Local elections
Year 1900 1903 1906 1909 1912 1919 1922 1925 1928 1931 1934 1937 1945
Progressives 37 38 29 2 29
Municipal Alliance 17 16 25
Municipal Reform 52 25 11 21 25 22 31 18 15 5
Labour 41 33 29 33 23 37 40 50
Discharged servicemen 2

No Municipal Reform candidates were nominated after 1946, and Conservative candidates were nominated at local elections for the first time.

Year 1949 1953 1956 1959 1962
Labour 34 37 46 34 40
Conservative 21 18 18 21 12
Liberal 3

Wards[edit]

From 1900 to 1949 the borough was divided into nine wards, returning either three, six or nine councillors:

  • Bolingbroke (6 councillors)
  • Broomwood (6)
  • Church (6)
  • Latchmere (6)
  • Nine Elms (9)
  • Park (6)
  • St John (3)
  • Shaftesbury (6)
  • Winstanley (6)

In 1949 the wards were redrawn, with fourteen wards returning three to five councillors each:

  • Bolingbroke (3)
  • Broomwood (3)
  • Church (4)
  • Latchmere (4)
  • Lavender (3)
  • Newtown (3)
  • Nightingale (5)
  • Nine Elms (3)
  • Park (4)
  • Queenstown (4)
  • St John (4)
  • Shaftesbury (3)
  • Stormont (3)
  • Thornton (3)
  • Vicarage (3)
  • Winstanley (3)

The latest ward to be redrawn was Fairfield ward, with three councillors.

Parliamentary constituencies[edit]

For elections to parliament the borough was originally part of the parliamentary borough of Battersea and Clapham, which consisted of two divisions, Battersea and Clapham.

In 1918 the metropolitan borough was divided into two constituencies:

  • Battersea North (Church, Latchmere, Nine Elms and Park wards) and
  • Battersea South (Bolingbroke, Broomwood, St John, Shaftesbury and Winstanley wards)

The boundaries of the two constituencies were adjusted in 1949 to reflect the redrawn borough wards:

  • Battersea North (Church, Latchmere, Newtown, Nine Elms, Park, Queenstown, Vicarage and Winstanley wards)
  • Battersea South (Bolingbroke, Broomwood, Lavender, Nightingale, St John, Shaftesbury, Stormont and Thornton wards)

The constituencies continued unchanged until 1970.[11] when the Battersea constituency largely succeeded these two. The current MP is Conservative Jane Ellison.[12]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f Vision of Britain - Battersea population (area and density)
  2. ^ Metropolis Management (Battersea and Westminster) Act 1887 (50 & 51 Vict. C.17)
  3. ^ Local Government Act, 1888 (51 & 52 Vict. C. 41), s.40
  4. ^ John Archer biography (Black History) accessed 14 Jan 2008
  5. ^ a b [1], 'Parishes: Battersea with Penge', A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4 (1912), pp. 8-17. Date accessed: 10 March 2014.
  6. ^ Statistical Abstract for London, 1901 (Vol. IV); Census tables for Metropolitan Borough of Battersea
  7. ^ a b (probably including Penge)
  8. ^ Battersea MetB: Census Tables accessed 19 Jun 2007
  9. ^ The census was suspended for World War II
  10. ^ Election results as reported in The Times, 3 November 1900; 4 November 1903; 3 November 1906; 2 November 1909; 2 November 1912; 4 November 1919; 4 November 1925; 3 November 1928; 4 November 1931; 3 November 1934; 3 November 1937; 2 November 1945; 7 May 1949; 7 May 1953; 11 May 1956; 8 May 1959; 12 May 1962
  11. ^ F.A. Youngs, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Volume 1, 1979
  12. ^ [2] MPs in the UK Parliament
Bibliography
  • "The London Manual 1899-1900" edited by Robert Donald (Edward Lloyd Ltd., 1899)

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 51°27′53″N 0°09′39″W / 51.4648°N 0.1607°W / 51.4648; -0.1607