Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell

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Camberwell
Southwark town hall 1.jpg
Former Camberwell Town Hall (1934)
Camberwell within the County of London
Camberwell within the County of London
Area
 - 1911/1931 4,480 acres (18.1 km2)[1]
 - 1961 4,482 acres (18.14 km2)[1]
Population
 - 1911 261,328[1]
 - 1931 251,294[1]
 - 1961 175,304[1]
Density
 - 1911 58/acre
 - 1931 56/acre
 - 1961 39/acre
History
 - Origin Ancient parish
 - Abolished 1965
 - Succeeded by London Borough of Southwark
Status Civil parish (until 1965)
Metropolitan borough (1900–1965)
Government Camberwell Vestry (1674–1900, reformed 1855)
Camberwell Borough Council (1900–1965)
 - HQ St Giles's Church (1674–1827)
Vestry Hall, Havil Street (1827–1873)
Vestry Hall, Peckham Road (1873–1934)
Town Hall, Peckham Road (1934–1965)
 - Motto All's well
Arms of the metropolitan borough
Coat of arms of the borough council

Camberwell was a civil parish and metropolitan borough in south London, England. It was an ancient parish in the county of Surrey, governed by an administrative vestry from 1674. The parish was included in the area of responsibility of the Metropolitan Board of Works in 1855 and became part of the County of London in 1889. The parish of Camberwell became a metropolitan borough in 1900, following the London Government Act 1899, with the parish vestry replaced by a borough council. In 1965 the borough was abolished and its former area became part of the London Borough of Southwark in Greater London.

Geography[edit]

The parish of Camberwell St Giles had three divisions. They were the Liberty of Peckham to the east, the Hamlet of Dulwich to the southwest and the central division of Camberwell proper. The liberty of Peckham stretched from north of Old Kent Road to Honor Oak, taking in Peckham and Nunhead. Camberwell stretched from what is now Burgess Park in the north to what is now the Horniman Museum in the south, taking in the central Camberwell area around Camberwell Green, the eastern part of Herne Hill and East Dulwich. It included a long protrusion in the west, surrounded by Lambeth, as far as what is now Myatt's Fields Park. The hamlet of Dulwich stretched from Champion Hill in the north to what is now Crystal Palace in the south, taking in Dulwich Village, West Dulwich and Sydenham Hill.

Ecclesiastical parish[edit]

The ancient parish, dedicated to St Giles, was in the Diocese of Winchester until 1877, then the Diocese of Rochester until 1905, and then finally in the Diocese of Southwark. From 1825, as the population of Camberwell increased, a number of new parishes were formed:[2]

  • St George, Camberwell In 1825
  • Christ Church, Old Kent Road In 1838
  • Emmanuel, Camberwell In 1842
  • St Mary Magdalene, Peckham In 1842
  • Camden Chapel, Camberwell In 1844
  • St Matthew, Denmark Hill In 1848
  • St Chrysostom, Peckham In 1865
  • St John the Evangelist, East Dulwich In 1865
  • St Andrew, Peckham In 1866
  • St Peter, Dulwich Common In 1867 [3]
  • St Stephen, South Dulwich In 1868
  • All Saints, Blenheim Grove, Peckham In 1872
  • St James, Knatchbull Road, Camberwell In 1874
  • St Antony (formerly St Antholin), Nunhead In 1878
  • St Luke, Rosemary Road, Peckham In 1878
  • St Jude, Peckham In 1880
  • St Saviour, Denmark Park In 1881
  • St Mark, Peckham In 1884
  • St Clement, East Dulwich In 1886
  • St Batholemew, South Bermondsey In 1887
  • All Saints, North Peckham In 1892
  • St Barnabas, Dulwich In 1894
  • St Silas, Nunhead In 1895 [3]

In addition, as the population of neighbouring areas increased, parts of Camberwell parish were included in new parishes:

  • St Paul, Herne Hill In 1845 with parts of St Mary, Lambeth[4]
  • St Philip, Avondale Square In 1876 with parts of St Anne, Bermondsey[5]
  • St Mark, Camberwell In 1880 with parts of All Saints, Newington[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The corporation was granted arms in 1901. The shield depicted the main areas of the borough. In the first and fourth quarter was a well, for Camberwell. The second quarter was for Dulwich: the chevron and cinquefoils from the arms of Edward Alleyn, founder of Dulwich College. The third quarter represented Peckham: the lion was from the arms of Robert, Earl of Gloucester, one time lord of the manor.

The crest depicted a wounded hart, symbol of St Giles, patron saint of Camberwell.

In 1927 the borough was additionally granted an heraldic badge and standard. The badge depicted a Camberwell Beauty butterfly.

Politics[edit]

From 1900 to 1934 the borough was controlled by the Municipal Reform Party (allied to the Conservatives). In 1934 the Labour Party gained control, which they retained until abolition in 1965.

For elections to Parliament, the borough was divided into three constituencies:

In 1918 the borough's representation was increased to four seats:

In 1950 the number of seats was halved to 2:

Area and population[edit]

The area of the borough was 4,480 acres (18.1 km2). The population, as recorded at the census, was:

Civil Parishes 1801–1899

Year[7] 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 7,059 11,309 17,876 28,231 39,868 54,667 71,488 111,306 186,593 235,344

Metropolitan Borough 1900–1961

Year[8] 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961
Population 259,339 261,328 267,198 251,294 [9] 179,777 175,304

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Vision of Britain - Camberwell population (area and density)
  2. ^ [1], A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4.
  3. ^ a b [2].
  4. ^ [3], A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4.
  5. ^ [4], A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4.
  6. ^ [5], A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4.
  7. ^ Statistical Abstract for London, 1901 (Vol. IV); Census tables for Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell
  8. ^ Census Tables for the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell accessed 14 Jun 2007
  9. ^ The census was suspended for World War II

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 51°28′27″N 0°04′58″W / 51.4741°N 0.0828°W / 51.4741; -0.0828