Metropolitan Borough of Dudley

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Borough of Dudley
Metropolitan borough
Dudley Council House in Dudley, West Midlands
Dudley Council House in Dudley, West Midlands
Coat of arms of Borough of Dudley
Coat of arms
Official logo of Borough of Dudley
Logo of the Borough Council
Motto: Unity and Progress
Dudley Metropolitan Borough shown within West Midlands
Dudley Metropolitan Borough shown within West Midlands
Sovereign state United Kingdom United Kingdom
Constituent country England England
Region West Midlands
Metropolitan county West Midlands
Status Metropolitan borough
Admin HQ Dudley, Stourbridge
Incorporated 1 April 1974
Government
 • Type Metropolitan district council
 • Body Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council
 • Leadership Leader & Cabinet (Labour)
 • Mayor Cllr. Melvyn Mottram[1]
 • MPs Ian Austin (L)
Chris Kelly (C)
Margot James (C)
James Morris (C)
Pat McFadden (L)
Area
 • Total 37.82 sq mi (97.96 km2)
Area rank 223rd (of 326)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 313,300 (Ranked 25th)
 • Density 8,130/sq mi (3,138/km2)
 • Ethnicity 90.4% White
1.6% Mixed
5.6% Asian
1.7% Black
0.7% Other
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Postcode DY, B, WV
Area code(s) 01384, 0121, 01902, 01562
ISO 3166 code GB-DUD
ONS code 00CR (ONS)
E08000027 (GSS)
OS grid reference SO9350590490
NUTS 3 UKG36
Website www.dudley.gov.uk

The Metropolitan Borough of Dudley is a metropolitan borough in the West Midlands of England. It was created in 1974 following the Local Government Act 1972, through a merger of the existing Dudley County Borough with the municipal boroughs of Stourbridge and Halesowen. The borough borders Sandwell to the east, the city of Birmingham to the south east, Bromsgrove to the south in Worcestershire, South Staffordshire District to the west, and the city of Wolverhampton to the north.

Being a metropolitan borough Dudley is effectively a unitary authority, with the exceptions of public transportation (Centro, publicly branded as Network West Midlands), fire and police services, and the local government pension fund (West Midlands Pension Fund), which are jointly run by the seven metropolitan boroughs of the West Midlands county.

For Eurostat purposes, Dudley is a NUTS 3 region (code UKG36), and is one of seven boroughs or unitary districts that comprise the "West Midlands" NUTS 2 region.[2]

History[edit]

The Metropolitan Borough of Dudley was created in 1974 from the existing boroughs of Dudley, Stourbridge and Halesowen. This followed an earlier reorganization in 1966, as per the provisions of the Local Government Act 1958, which saw an expansion of the three boroughs from the abolition of the surrounding urban districts of Amblecote, Brierley Hill, Coseley, and Sedgley; and the municipal boroughs of Tipton, Oldbury, and Rowley Regis.[3][4][5]

Initially the borough had a two-tier system of local government, with the borough council sharing power with the West Midlands County Council. In 1986 metropolitan county councils were abolished under the Local Government Act 1985, and Dudley effectively became a unitary authority.

Government[edit]

Dudley Council has its main offices in Dudley town centre (where the council house is located), along with additional offices in Stourbridge. The council is made up of 72 councillors representing 24 wards, and as of the latest election, the political make-up is as follows:[6]

Party Councillors
  Labour Party 41
  Conservative Party 24
  Independent Conservative 3
  UK Independence Party 2
  Green Party 1

Wards[edit]

The 24 wards of the Dudley Borough are each represented by 3 councillors:[7]

Ward name Area (ha)/mi2 Population
(2011 census)
Population density (people per hectare) Ref.
Amblecote 321 hectares (1.24 sq mi) 13,393 41.7 [8]
Belle Vale 394 hectares (1.52 sq mi) 13,484 34.2 [9]
Brierley Hill 459 hectares (1.77 sq mi) 13,935 30.3 [10]
Brockmoor and Pensnett 454 hectares (1.75 sq mi) 12,923 28.4 [11]
Castle and Priory 419 hectares (1.62 sq mi) 13,739 32.8 [12]
Coseley East 324 hectares (1.25 sq mi) 12,357 38.2 [13]
Cradley and Wollescote 410 hectares (1.6 sq mi) 13,440 32.8 [14]
Gornal 410 hectares (1.6 sq mi) 12,992 31.7 [15]
Halesowen North 342 hectares (1.32 sq mi) 12,173 35.6 [16]
Halesowen South 696 hectares (2.69 sq mi) 12,159 17.5 [17]
Hayley Green and Cradley South 476 hectares (1.84 sq mi) 11,862 24.9 [18]
Kingswinford North and Wall Heath 512 hectares (1.98 sq mi) 12,561 24.5 [19]
Kingswinford South 331 hectares (1.28 sq mi) 12,630 38.1 [20]
Lye and Stoubridge North 327 hectares (1.26 sq mi) 12,349 37.8 [21]
Netherton, Woodside and St. Andrews 530 hectares (2.0 sq mi) 15,017 28.3 [22]
Norton 569 hectares (2.20 sq mi) 11,841 20.8 [23]
Pedmore and Stourbridge East 464 hectares (1.79 sq mi) 12,471 26.9 [24]
Quarry Bank and Dudley Wood 316 hectares (1.22 sq mi) 13,441 42.6 [25]
St. James's 357 hectares (1.38 sq mi) 14,213 39.8 [26]
St. Thomas's 359 hectares (1.39 sq mi) 14,394 40.1 [27]
Sedgley 376 hectares (1.45 sq mi) 12,087 32.2 [28]
Upper Gornal and Woodsetton 381 hectares (1.47 sq mi) 13,793 36.2 [29]
Wollaston and Stourbridge Town 275 hectares (1.06 sq mi) 13,092 47.7 [30]
Wordsley 292 hectares (1.13 sq mi) 12,582 43.1 [31]

Demography[edit]

Ethnic Population in Dudley
2011 UK Census Dudley Borough West Midlands (region) England
Total population 312,925 5,601,847 53,012,456
White 90.4% 85.6% 87.5%
Mixed 1.6% 2.0% 1.9%
Asian/Asian British 5.6% 8.5% 6.0%
Black/Black British 1.7% 2.6% 2.9%
Chinese & Other 0.7% 1.3% 1.6%
Source: Office for National Statistics[32][33]

At the 2011 Census, the total population of the Dudley Metropolitan Borough was 312,925,[32] an increase of 7,770 from the last census;[34] making it the 25th largest government district in England. The population density was 31.9 people per hectare.

90.4% of Dudley's population identified as White, with 88.7% identifying as White British, 0.5% as White Irish, and 1.2% as Other White. The second largest ethnic group was Asian and British Asian, making up 5.6% of the population. Black and Black British people comprised 1.7% of the population of the borough.[33]

Statistics on religious beliefs show that 65.3% of the population identify as Christian, with the second largest religious group being Muslim, at 4.1%. 22% identified as having no religion, while 6.2% did not state a religious belief.[35]

Unemployment in the borough stood at 5.3%, slightly higher than the national average of 4.4%. Of those in the population considered economically active, 38.2% were in full-time employment, 15% were in part-time employment, 7.5% were self-employed, and 2.5% were in full-time education.

Of those economically inactive, 16.2% were retired, 4.6% were looking after homes or family, 4.4% were long-term sick or disabled, and 4.3% were full-time students without employment.[36]

Religion in Dudley
2011 UK Census Dudley Borough West Midlands (region) England
Total population 312,925 5,601,847 53,012,456
Christian 65.3% 60.2% 59.4%
Buddhist 0.2% 0.3% 0.5%
Hindu 0.6% 1.3% 1.5%
Jewish 0.0% 0.1% 0.5%
Muslim 4.1% 6.7% 5.0%
Sikh 1.2% 2.4% 0.8%
Other 0.3% 0.5% 0.4%
No Religion 22.0% 22.0% 24.7%
Not Stated 6.2% 6.6% 7.2%
Source: Office for National Statistics[35]

Economy[edit]

A part of the Black Country, Dudley traditionally has been an industrial centre of manufacturing, quarrying, and mining, although this has declined in more recent years, with a shift in focus towards the service sector (accounting for 79.1% of employment)[37] and tourism. Despite this, there are still numerous large industrial sites around the borough, such as the Pensnett Trading Estate, with the manufacturing industries making up 15.3% of employment.[37]

Tourism is of increasing importance to the local economy, with approximately 6,600 people employed within the sector.[37] Attractions such as the Black Country Living Museum and Dudley Zoo bring in thousands of visitors, with 4.3 million visitors to the borough recorded in 2008.[38]

The Merry Hill Shopping Centre in Brierley Hill is one of the largest shopping centres in the UK and is the main retail centre of the borough, with an average of 23.5 million visitors a year, and houses branches of several large retailers including Debenhams, Marks & Spencer, and Next.[39]

Other large employers in the borough include JCDecaux UK, which has its Birmingham area office in Halesowen,[40] Rentokil Initial, and Midtherm Engineering.

Education[edit]

Tertiary Education[edit]

There are three further education colleges in the Dudley Borough: Dudley College of Technology, Halesowen College, and Stourbridge College. The borough is also home to the King Edward VI sixth form college in Stourbridge, originally a grammar school established in 1552, converting to sixth form status in 1976. A small number of secondary schools in the borough offer sixth form facilities, while several others did so until the beginning of the 1990s when the local authority decided to concentrate post-16 education in further education colleges.[41]

Since the University of Wolverhampton closed its Dudley campus in 2002, the metropolitan borough is the largest district in the UK without its own university.[42]

Primary and Secondary Education[edit]

Dudley MBC maintains 78 primary schools (39 include nursery facilities), 20 secondary schools, and 7 special schools, along with 3 Pupil Referral Units and 1 standalone nursery school. Pupils transfer to secondary school at the age of 11, although between 1972 and 1990 pupils in the north of borough transferred to secondary school at the age of 12, and from 1972 to 1982 there was a three-tier education system in Halesowen where pupils entered first school at 5, middle school at 9 and secondary school at 13.[43]

There are no grammar schools in the borough, with all state schools being comprehensive, a system which has been universal in the borough since the mid-1970s. The Former grammar schools in the borough were Dudley's Boys Grammar and Girls High Schools (merged in 1975 to form The Dudley School, which in turn merged with The Blue Coat School to form Castle High in 1989), Sir Gilbert Claughton Grammar School in Dudley (which adopted comprehensive status in 1975 before closing in 1990), Brierley Hill Grammar School (actually situated in Kingswinford; it has been known as the Crestwood School since adopting comprehensive status), King Edward VI Boys Grammar School in Stourbridge (which is now a mixed sixth form college), Stourbridge Girls High School (which merged with the Boys Grammar School to form Redhill Comprehensive School), Halesowen Grammar School (which merged with Halesowen Technical School to form Earls High School) and High Arcal Grammar School in Sedgley (which survives as a comprehensive school).

The sole independent school in the borough is the Elmfield Rudolf Steiner School in Stourbridge, which follows the Steiner Waldorf curriculum.[44]

The Old Swinford Hospital school in Stourbridge is one of only 34 state-funded boarding schools in England, with education being funded by the local education authority (LEA).[45]

Healthcare[edit]

The main NHS hospital serving the borough is Russells Hall Hospital, situated to the south of Dudley town. Following a major expansion of the hospital in 2005, all inpatient services were transferred to the site from smaller hospitals around the borough, resulting in the closure of Wordsley Hospital, and the downgrading of the Dudley Guest and Corbett hospitals into outpatient centres.

Psychiatric care is offered at the Bushey Fields Hospital, located adjacent to Russells Hall Hospital.

Localities[edit]

See List of areas in Dudley

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mayor of Dudley". Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "NUTS 2010". NUTS by regional level. Eurostat. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  3. ^ "Dudley CB/MB through time". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  4. ^ "Stourbridge UD/MB through time". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  5. ^ "Halesowen UD/MB through time". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "Surprise results see big swing to Labour". Express & Star. May 4, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Borough Wards". Dudley Councillors Online. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  8. ^ "Amblecote (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  9. ^ "Belle Vale (Ward) - Population Density". Neighborhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  10. ^ "Brierley Hill (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  11. ^ "Brockmoor and Pensnett (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  12. ^ "Castle and Priory (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  13. ^ "Coseley East (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  14. ^ "Cradley and Wollescote (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  15. ^ "Gornal (Ward) - Population Density)". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  16. ^ "Halesowen North (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  17. ^ "Halesowen South (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  18. ^ "Hayley Green and Cradley South (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  19. ^ "Kingswinford North and Wall Heath (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  20. ^ "Kingswinford South (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  21. ^ "Lye and Stourbridge North (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  22. ^ "Netherton, Woods and St Andrews (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  23. ^ "Norton (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  24. ^ "Pedmore and Stourbridge East (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  25. ^ "Quarry Bank and Dudley Wood (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  26. ^ "St James's (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  27. ^ "St Thomas's (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  28. ^ "Sedgley (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  29. ^ "Upper Gornal and Woodsetton (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  30. ^ "Wollaston and Stourbridge Town (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  31. ^ "Wordsley (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  32. ^ a b "Dudley (Local Authority) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  33. ^ a b "Dudley (Local Authority) - Resident Population Estimates by Ethnic Group". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  34. ^ "Borough Level Statistics - Census 2001". Dudley MBC. Retrieved 14 February 2012. 
  35. ^ a b "Dudley (Local Authority) - Religion 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  36. ^ "Dudley (Local Authority) - Economic Activity". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  37. ^ a b c "Labour Market Profile - Dudley". nomis - Official Labour Market Statistics. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  38. ^ "Tourism Development". Business - Regeneration. Dudley MBC. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  39. ^ "Property Portfolio - Merry Hill". Westfield Group. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  40. ^ "Contact." JCDecaux UK. Retrieved on 28 September 2011. "JCDecaux - Birmingham 209-215 Long Lane Halesowen, West Midlands Birmingham, B62 9JT"
  41. ^ "About King Edward's: History". King Edward VI College. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  42. ^ "Campaign to bring a university to Dudley". Dudley News. 17 March 2008. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  43. ^ "School Information". Education and Learning. Dudley MBC. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  44. ^ "About Us". Elmfield Rudolf Steiner School. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  45. ^ "About the school". Old Swinford Hospital. Retrieved 27 July 2012. 

External links[edit]