Metropolitan Borough of Fulham

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Fulham
Fulham Broadway and Fulham Town Hall - geograph.org.uk - 864136.jpg
Fulham Town Hall
Metropolitan Borough shown within the County of London
Fulham within the County of London
History
 - Created 1900
 - Abolished 1965
 - Succeeded by London Borough of Hammersmith
Status Metropolitan borough
Government Fulham Borough Council
 - HQ Fulham Broadway
 - Motto Pro Civibus et Civitate (For the citizens and the city)
Arms granted to the borough in 1927, also formerly used as the badge of local football team Fulham
Coat of arms of the borough council

The Metropolitan Borough of Fulham was a Metropolitan borough in the County of London between 1900 and 1965, when it was merged with the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith to form the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. It was a riverside borough, and included the areas of Fulham, West Kensington, Walham Green, Parsons Green and Sands End. The SW6 postal district approximately follows the old Fulham parish.

Coat of arms[edit]

Device adopted in 1900

When the metropolitan borough was formed it carried on using the unofficial arms adopted by its predecessor, Fulham vestry in 1886. This was a quartered shield, with a depiction of a bridge in the first and fourth quarters. The bridge in the first quarter was the original wooden Putney Bridge, opened in 1729 with its toll houses. Its replacement, the present Putney Bridge, constructed of stone, was shown in the fourth quarter. The new bridge was opened in 1886, when the arms were designed. The second quarter showed crossed swords, from the arms of the Bishop of London. The manor of Fulham was held by the bishop from 691, and his official residence, Fulham Palace, was built in the area. The third quarter was the arms then associated with the county of Middlesex, in which Fulham lay until 1889. The three seaxes on a red field was also regarded as the arms of Essex.

In 1927 councillor F. H. Barber, proprietor of Barber's Department Store in the borough, offered to pay the costs of a grant of arms and new civic regalia. Accordingly, an official grant was obtained from the College of Arms on 12 October of that year, blazoned as follows:

Barry wavy of ten, Argent and azure, on a Saltire gules, two swords in Saltire points upwards of the first enfiled of a Mitre Or, and for the Crest upon a Mural Crown of Seven turrets Or and Ancient Rowing Ship in full sail Sable, the Flags per fesse Argent and Azure charged on the sail with a Rose Gules, surmounted by a Rose Argent barbed Vert and seeded proper.

The silver and blue wavy field was for the River Thames, the swords and mitre signifying the Bishop of London.

The crest rose from a gold mural crown, resembling a city wall, and thus municipal government. The crest itself was a black ship, recalling an expedition to Fulham by the Danes in 879. The main sail was charged with a Tudor rose, recalling the importance of the area in that era, when Fulham Palace was rebuilt.

The Latin motto, Pro Civibus Et Civitate, was translated as "for citizens and state".[1]

The waves from the shield, the two swords, the mitre and most of the crest was brought to the coat of arms of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham when Fulham and Hammersmith merged to form a new London borough in 1965.

Population and area[edit]

Over its existence the borough's area varied from 1,704 to 1,707 acres (6.9 km2). The population, as recorded at the census, was:

Year[2] 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 4,428 5,903 6,492 7,317 9,319 11,886 15,539 23,350 42,900 91,639

Metropolitan Borough 1900–1961

Year[3] 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961
Population 137,289 153,284 157,938 150,928 [4] 122,064 111,791

Town Hall[edit]

The borough was administered from Fulham Town Hall, on Fulham Broadway, in Walham Green. The hall had been built in 1888 – 1890 for the Fulham vestry, and was in the classical renaissance style. When the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham was formed, Hammersmith Town Hall was adopted as the administrative centre. Some offices remain at Fulham however, and contains a registry office. The grand hall is a popular venue for concerts and dances. The london borough council also makes the building available for filming purposes.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crosley, Richard, London's Coats of Arms, 1928
  2. ^ Statistical Abstract for London, 1901 (Vol. IV)
  3. ^ Fulham MetB: Census Tables at Vision of Britain Retrieved 14 December 2006
  4. ^ The census was suspended for World War II
  5. ^ Images of Fulham Town Hall from Hammersmith and Fulham council's website

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 51°28′47″N 0°11′42″W / 51.4796°N 0.1950°W / 51.4796; -0.1950