Metropolitan Borough of Greenwich

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Greenwich
. West Greenwich Community Centre - geograph.org.uk - 1464283.jpg
Former Greenwich Town Hall (until 1939)
Metropolitan Borough shown within the County of London
Greenwich within the County of London
History
 - Created 1900
 - Abolished 1965
 - Succeeded by Royal Borough of Greenwich
Status Metropolitan borough
Government Greenwich Borough Council
 - HQ Town Hall, Greenwich High Road (until 1939); new Town Hall (from 1939)
 - Motto Tempore Utimur (We make use of time)
The Arms of The Metropolitan Borough of Greenwich

The Metropolitan Borough of Greenwich was a Metropolitan borough in the County of London between 1900 and 1965. Within the area of the borough were the Royal Naval College (now the National Maritime Museum), the Royal Observatory and Greenwich Park. It bordered the boroughs of Woolwich, Deptford, Lewisham. It was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich to form the then London Borough of Greenwich, now the Royal Borough of Greenwich.

Formation[edit]

The borough was formed from the civil parishes (with previous local authority):[1]

Population and area[edit]

The borough covered 3,852 acres (15.6 km2). The population in each decennial census was:[2]

Former civil parishes

1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
22,077 25,303 28,748 33,374 39,800 47,377 57,417 56,450 65,411 78,167

Metropolitan Borough of Greenwich

1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961
95,780 95,968 100,450 100,924 89,846 85,546

Politics[edit]

Borough council[edit]

Metropolitan borough councils elections were held triennially. The first election to the borough council was held on November 1, 1900. The result was a majority for the pro-Conservative Moderates, who had 16 councillors elected. The opposition was formed by the Progressives with 8 seats.[3] At the next election in 1903 Moderates held control with the support of 2 Independent Conservative councillors.[4] By the time of the 1906 election, the Conservatives contested the elections throughout London under the Municipal Reform label. The Municipal Reformers held the council with 21 seats to 5 Progressives and 4 Independents.[5] They held the council at the 1909 and 1912 elections: 1909 saw the first Socialist councillor elected to the council.[6] Due to World War I, the next council election was not held until 1919. The Labour Party took control of the borough, with 20 seats to 10 for the Municipal Reform Party.[7] Three years later the position was reversed, with Municipal Reformers retaking control with 22 seats to Labour's 11.[8] At the 1925 election the Municipal Reform and Labour parties both took 15 seats, and the borough council was consequently under no overall control.[9] The same party composition was returned at the 1928 and 1931 elections.[10] Labour subsequently gained control, which they held at the 1934 election.[11] Labour held the borough at the 1937 election.[12] Elections were again suspended during the Second World War, the next contest being in 1945: Labour held the borough.[13] Elections to boroughs due in November 1948 were postponed to May 1949 to coincide with those for county councils. The Conservative Party contested the elections in the place of the Municipal Reformers. Labour held the council at this and all later elections to the metropolitan borough council, with the Conservatives forming the only other grouping.[14] The last election to the council was held on May 10, 1962, when Labour gained 29 seats to 6 for the Conservatives.[15]

Parliamentary constituency[edit]

A parliamentary borough of Greenwich had been formed by the Reform Act 1832. In 1918 the boundaries were realigned to correspond to the metropolitan borough.

Coat of arms[edit]

The borough council was granted a coat of arms by the College of Arms on July 15, 1903. The central band bearing an hour-glass represented the Greenwich Meridian and the surrounding stars the Royal Observatory. The crest above the shield was an ancient ship and crossed anchors, standing for the connections of Greenwich with the Royal Navy. The Latin motto was Tempore utimur or "We use time": a reference to Greenwich Mean Time.[16]

Some charges from these arms were taken over for the arms of the London Borough of Greenwich in 1965 and in 2012 for the new coat of arms of the Royal Borough of Greenwich.

Town Halls[edit]

West Greenwich House was built in 1876 and served as headquarters for the Greenwich District Board of Works before it was inherited by the new Borough Council in 1900. When built it had a dome and lantern above the parapet. It served as the Town Hall until 1939 after which it housed other council offices. Today it thrives as the West Greenwich Community and Arts Centre; the building was recently restored and refurbished.[17]

The 1939 Town Hall, further east from the 1876 building.

In 1939, a new and much larger Greenwich Town Hall and Borough Hall were built on the corner of Greenwich High Road and Royal Hill in the Art Deco style. When the Metropolitan Borough of Greenwich was merged into the London Borough of Greenwich in the 1960s, Woolwich Town Hall was used as the headquarters for the new larger Borough instead. The Town Hall and Borough Hall buildings are now occupied by Greenwich School of Management and a dance centre (Greenwich Dance Agency) respectively.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ F A Youngs, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I, London, 1979
  2. ^ Statistical Abstract for London, 1901 (Vol. IV); Vision of Britain website
  3. ^ The London borough elections, The Times, November 3, 1900
  4. ^ London borough council elections, The Times November 4, 1903
  5. ^ London borough council elections, The Times, November 3, 1906
  6. ^ London borough council elections, The Times November 3, 1909; The London borough elections, The Times, November 4, 1912
  7. ^ Borough council elections - Extensive Labour gains, The Times, November 4, 1919
  8. ^ Labour rout in London, The Times, November 3, 1922
  9. ^ The borough elections, a slight Labour advance, November 4, The Times, 1925
  10. ^ The municipal elections, The Times, November 3, 1928; The borough elections – Labour routed, The Times, November 4, 1931
  11. ^ The municipal elections – more Labour gains in London, The Times, November 3, 1934
  12. ^ The new London councils – state of parties, The Times, November 3, 1937
  13. ^ The Municipal Elections - Results in London Boroughs, The Times, November 3, 1945
  14. ^ The municipal elections, Changes in London boroughs, The Times, May 9, 1953; Labour gains in London poll, The Times, May 12, 1956; Borough elections – London results, The Times, May 9, 1959
  15. ^ Election results in the boroughs, The Times, May 11, 1962
  16. ^ A C Fox-Davies, The Book of Public Arms, 2nd edition, 1915; C W Scott-Giles, Civic Heraldry of England and Wales, 2nd edition 1953
  17. ^ http://www.greenwichwest.org.uk/history/history.html
  18. ^ http://manchesterhistory.net/architecture/1930/greenwichTH.html

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 51°29′N 0°01′E / 51.48°N 0.02°E / 51.48; 0.02