Metropolitan Borough of Poplar

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Poplar
Former Poplar Board of Works, Poplar High Street - geograph.org.uk - 1516142.jpg
Former Town Hall, Poplar High Street
Metropolitan Borough shown within the County of London
Poplar within the County of London Stepney Civil Parish Map 1870.png
Area
 - 1911 2,328 acres (9.42 km2)[1]
 - 1931 2,331 acres (9.43 km2)[1]
 - 1961 2,348 acres (9.50 km2)[1]
Population
 - 1911 162,442[1]
 - 1931 155,089[1]
 - 1961 66,604[1]
Density
 - 1911 70/acre
 - 1931 66/acre
 - 1961 28/acre
History
 - Origin Metropolis Management Act 1855
 - Created 1855
 - Abolished 1965
 - Succeeded by London Borough of Tower Hamlets
Status District (1855—1900)
Metropolitan borough (1900—1965)
Civil parish (1907—1965)
Government Poplar District Board of Works (1855—1900)
Poplar Metropolitan Borough Council (1900—1965)
 - HQ East India Dock Road (1856—1870)
Poplar High Street (1870—1938)
Bow Road (1938—1965)
Seal of the Metropolitan Borough of Poplar
Borough seal
Subdivisions
 - Type Civil parishes
 - Units Bow (1855—1907)
Bromley (1855—1907)
Poplar (1855—1907)
Poplar Borough (1907—1965)

Poplar was a local government district in the metropolitan area of London, England. It was formed as a district of the Metropolis in 1855 and became a metropolitan borough in the County of London in 1900. It comprised the civil parishes of Bow, Bromley and Poplar until 1907, when it also became a civil parish.[2] In 1965 the parish and borough were abolished, with their former area becoming part of the newly formed London Borough of Tower Hamlets.

Boundaries[edit]

The borough bordered the metropolitan boroughs of Hackney, Stepney, and Bethnal Green to the west and north, and the county of Essex to the east. To the south, the River Thames formed borders with the metropolitan boroughs of Bermondsey, Deptford and Greenwich.

It included the districts of (from north to south):

History[edit]

In 1921 the Borough Council, under George Lansbury and the Poor Law Union were engaged in a dispute with the London County Council and central government over poor law rates - it wished to pay out of work people more than usually permitted; and to get wealthier West End boroughs to contribute to its expenses. Several councillors were imprisoned briefly in 1921 in relation to this. See Poplar Rates Rebellion.

In 1951 Poplar was chosen as the site of the Festival of Britain's 'Exhibition of Live Architecture'. The East End of London had been heavily bombed during the war and its reconstruction was showcased at the new Lansbury Estate. New building materials and planning concepts were demonstrated. The first example of 'live architecture' on the exhibition trail was the Trinity Congregational Church and Hall, just across from the main reception area with their Town Planning and Building Research Pavilions on East India Dock Road. The trail continued with the Lansbury Estate and Chrisp Street Market.

Former Town Hall, Bow Road

The former town hall in Bow Road, designed by Culpin & Son (1937-8), is now a listed building,[3] as is its predecessor (1870) in Poplar High Street.[4]

Population and area[edit]

Poplar covered an area of 2,328 acres (9.4 km2). The population as given in the census from 1801 to 1961 was:

Civil Parishes and Poplar Board of Works 1801-1899

Year[5] 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 8,278 13,548 18,932 25,066 31,122 47,162 79,196 116,376 156,510 166,748

Metropolitan Borough 1900-1961

Year[6] 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961
Population 168,822 162,442 162,578 155,089 [7] 73,579 66,604

Borough seal[edit]

Borough of Poplar street sign

The borough had no coat of arms, using instead a seal originally designed for the Poplar District Board of Works, its predecessor, created by the Metropolis Management Act 1855. The seal depicted the emblems of the three parish vestries merged into the board.

The top shield was the seal of Poplar Vestry, and showed the 'Hibbert Gate' of the old West India Docks, with a sailing ship on top of the shield. A similar representation of the gate and ship formed the head of the vestry's civic mace, which was used by the board of works and borough council until 1965.

The shield on the left was the seal of Bow Vestry, and showed a bridge between two bows. This represented the bow-shaped bridge over the River Lea.

The shield on the right was the seal of Bromley St Leonard Vestry, and depicts the saint dressed as a bishop.

There remain a number of street signs which have been preserved with the name of the former borough.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Vision of Britain - Poplar population (area and density)
  2. ^ F. A. Youngs, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I, 1979
  3. ^ Grade II listed building description
  4. ^ Grade II listed building description
  5. ^ Statistical Abstract for London, 1901 (Vol. IV)
  6. ^ Poplar MetB: Census Tables at Vision of Britain accessed on 4 Jan 2007
  7. ^ The census was suspended for World War II
  • Vision of Britain website: Population tables for Poplar Borough [1]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°31′08″N 0°01′05″W / 51.519°N 0.018°W / 51.519; -0.018