Sandwell

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For the article relating to the local authority, see Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council. For the techno collective, see Sandwell District.
Borough of Sandwell
Metropolitan borough
Sandwell Council House in Oldbury, West Midlands
Sandwell Council House in Oldbury, West Midlands
Coat of arms of Borough of Sandwell
Coat of arms
Motto: Unity and Progress
Sandwell shown within the West Midlands and England
Sandwell shown within the West Midlands and England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region West Midlands
Metropolitan county West Midlands
Status Metropolitan borough
Admin HQ Oldbury
Incorporated 1 April 1974
Government
 • Type Metropolitan district council
 • Body Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council
 • Leadership Leader & Cabinet (Labour)
 • Mayor Cllr. Linda Horton[1]
 • MPs Rt. Hon. John Spellar (L)
Adrian Bailey (L)
Tom Watson (L)
James Morris (C)
Area
 • Total 33 sq mi (86 km2)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 309,000 (Ranked 29th)
 • Ethnicity 69.9% White
19.2% Asian
5.9% Black
3.3% Mixed Race
0.3% Arab
1.3% Other[2]
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Postcode B, DY
Area code(s) 0121, 01384
ISO 3166 code GB-SAW
ONS code 00CS (ONS)
E08000028 (GSS)
OS grid reference SO9954890217
NUTS 3 UKG37
Website www.sandwell.gov.uk

Sandwell is a metropolitan borough in the West Midlands of England. The borough is named after the Sandwell Priory, and spans a densely populated part of both the Black Country and the West Midlands conurbation. According to Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council, the borough comprises the six towns of Oldbury, Rowley Regis, Smethwick, Tipton, Wednesbury, and West Bromwich,[3] although these places consist of numerous smaller settlements and localities. Though West Bromwich is the largest town in the borough and its designated Strategic Town Centre, Sandwell Council House (the headquarters of the local authority) is situated in Oldbury.

Bordering Sandwell is the City of Birmingham to the east, the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley to the south and west, the Metropolitan Borough of Walsall to the north, and the City of Wolverhampton to the north-west. Spanning the borough are the parliamentary constituencies of West Bromwich West, West Bromwich East, Warley, and part of Halesowen and Rowley Regis, which crosses into the Dudley borough.

At the 2011 census, the borough had population of 309,000 and an area of 86 square kilometres (33 sq mi).[4]

Since 2009, there has been a petition to merge Sandwell with Birmingham. If successful, Birmingham would substantially increase in size with a combined population of over 1,300,000.[5]

History and Culture[edit]

Street nameplate on Rutland Road in Smethwick in April 2007, showing painted out "County Borough" lettering.

The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell was formed on 1 April 1974 as an amalgamation of the county boroughs of Warley (ceremonially within Worcestershire) and West Bromwich (ceremonially within Staffordshire), under the Local Government Act 1972. Warley had been formed in 1966 by a merger of the county borough of Smethwick with the municipal boroughs of Rowley Regis and Oldbury;[6] at the same time, West Bromwich had absorbed the boroughs of Tipton and Wednesbury.[7]

For its first 12 years of existence, Sandwell had a two-tier system of local government; Sandwell Council shared power with the West Midlands County Council. In 1986 the county council was abolished, and Sandwell effectively became a unitary authority. The borough is divided into 24 Wards and is represented by 72 ward councillors on the borough council.

The borough was named after Sandwell Priory, the ruins of which are located in Sandwell Valley. The local council has considered changing its name in the past over confusion as to the whereabouts of the borough outside the West Midlands, and in June 2002 a survey of borough residents was carried out. Sixty-five percent of those surveyed favoured retaining the name Sandwell.[8]

Landmarks and attractions in Sandwell include Wednesbury Museum and Art Gallery, Bishop Asbury Cottage, West Bromwich Manor House, Oak House, West Bromwich, Sandwell Valley Country Park, and The Public. It is also the home of West Bromwich Albion F.C..

Politics[edit]

Most of Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council's councillors are members of the Labour Party.[9] Since the council election in 2012, the political composition of the council has been as follows:[10]

Party Councillors
  Labour Party 67
  Conservative Party 2
  Independent 3

From the borough's creation in 1974, all Members of Parliament (MPs) within its boundaries were Labour, but in the 2010 general election, Conservative party candidate James Morris was elected to the Halesowen and Rowley Regis seat which incorporates the Sandwell communities of Rowley Regis, Blackheath and Cradley Heath, and the neighbouring area of Halesowen which is situated within Dudley's borders. This is the very first time Sandwell has had a Tory MP - or indeed an MP from any party other than Labour.[11]

Wards[edit]

The Sandwell Borough is divided into 24 electoral wards, with each one represented by 3 councillors on the borough council:[10]

Ward name Area (ha)/mi2 Population
(2011 census)
Population density (people per hectare) Ref.
Abbey 211 hectares (0.81 sq mi) 11,752 55.6 [12]
Blackheath 260 hectares (1.0 sq mi) 12,292 47.3 [13]
Bristnall 231 hectares (0.89 sq mi) 12,151 52.5 [14]
Charlemont with Grove Vale 522 hectares (2.02 sq mi) 11,964 22.9 [15]
Cradley Heath and Old Hill 403 hectares (1.56 sq mi) 13,365 33.6 [16]
Friar Park 299 hectares (1.15 sq mi) 12,625 42.3 [17]
Great Barr with Yew Tree 346 hectares (1.34 sq mi) 12,597 36.4 [18]
Great Bridge 325 hectares (1.25 sq mi) 12,962 39.9 [19]
Greets Green and Lyng 412 hectares (1.59 sq mi) 11,769 28.6 [20]
Hateley Heath 309 hectares (1.19 sq mi) 14,227 46.1 [21]
Langley 290 hectares (1.1 sq mi) 12,969 44.8 [22]
Newton 276 hectares (1.07 sq mi) 11,558 41.8 [23]
Oldbury 621 hectares (2.40 sq mi) 13,606 21.9 [24]
Old Warley 267 hectares (1.03 sq mi) 11,915 44.6 [25]
Princes End 278 hectares (1.07 sq mi) 12,981 46.7 [26]
Rowley 407 hectares (1.57 sq mi) 11,784 29.0 [27]
Smethwick 222 hectares (0.86 sq mi) 14,146 63.6 [28]
Soho and Victoria 321 hectares (1.24 sq mi) 15,042 46.9 [29]
St. Pauls 437 hectares (1.69 sq mi) 14,226 32.6 [30]
Tipton Green 341 hectares (1.32 sq mi) 12,834 37.6 [31]
Tividale 291 hectares (1.12 sq mi) 12,616 43.4 [32]
Wednesbury North 352 hectares (1.36 sq mi) 12,682 36.0 [33]
Wednesbury South 485 hectares (1.87 sq mi) 12,510 25.8 [34]
West Bromwich Central 652 hectares (2.52 sq mi) 13,290 20.4 [35]
Sandwell College in West Bromwich

Education[edit]

Sandwell is home to nearly 100 primary schools, 25 secondary schools, 4 special schools and 1 college.

The sole further education college in the borough, Sandwell College was opened in September 1986 following the merger of Warley College and West Bromwich College.[36] It was originally based in the old Warley College buildings on Pound Road, Oldbury, and the West Bromwich College buildings on West Bromwich High Street, as well as a building in Smethwick town centre, but moved into a new single site campus in West Bromwich town centre in September 2012.[36] In 2004, a debt-ridden Sandwell College was subject to a police investigation.[37]

Localities[edit]

See also List of areas in Sandwell

Localities in the borough include:

Local places of interest[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Mayor's Office". Councillors, Committees, and Meetings. Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "Census 2011 Key Stats". Sandwell Trends. Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "Where is Sandwell?". Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Sandwell in Brief". Sandwell Trends. Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Should Sandwell & Birmingham merge?
  6. ^ "Warley CB through time". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "West Bromwich MB/CB through time". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  8. ^ Sandwell View Point, issue no.10
  9. ^ "England council elections". BBC News Online. Retrieved 29 August 2011. 
  10. ^ a b "Councillors - Sandwell Council". Sandwell MBC. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  11. ^ "Historic Tory win in Halesowen and Rowley Regis". Halesowen News. 7 May 2010. 
  12. ^ "Abbey (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  13. ^ "Blackheath (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  14. ^ "Bristnall (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  15. ^ "Charlemont with Grove Vale (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  16. ^ "Cradley Heath and Old Hill (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  17. ^ "Friar Park (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  18. ^ "Great Barr with Yew Tree (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  19. ^ "Great Bridge (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  20. ^ "Greets Green and Lyng (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  21. ^ "Hateley Heath (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  22. ^ "Langley (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  23. ^ "Newton (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  24. ^ "Oldbury (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  25. ^ "Old Warley (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  26. ^ "Princes End (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  27. ^ "Rowley (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  28. ^ "Smethwick (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  29. ^ "Soho and Victoria (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  30. ^ "St Pauls (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  31. ^ "Tipton Green (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  32. ^ "Tividale (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  33. ^ "Wednesbury North (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  34. ^ "Wednesbury South (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  35. ^ "West Bromwich Central (Ward) - Population Density". Neighbourhood Statistics. ONS. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  36. ^ a b "Sandwell College guide". The Telegraph. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  37. ^ Fraud row college to axe 100 jobs
  38. ^ http://www.sandwell.ac.uk/

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°30′19″N 2°1′2″W / 52.50528°N 2.01722°W / 52.50528; -2.01722