Metropolitan Borough of St Helens
|Borough of St Helens|
St Helens Town Hall, the seat of the Borough Council
|Motto: Prosperitas In Excelsis|
St Helens shown within Merseyside and England
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North West England|
|Admin HQ||St Helens (Town Hall)|
|Founded||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Metropolitan borough|
|• Governing body||St Helens Metropolitan Borough Council|
|• Leadership:||Leader & Cabinet|
|• Leader of the Council||Cllr Barrie Grunewald (Lab)|
|• MPs:||David Watts (Lab),
Shaun Woodward (Lab)
|Population (2011 est.)|
|• Total||175,400 (Ranked 98th)|
|• Ethnicity||98.8% White|
|Time zone||Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)|
|Postcodes||WA, WN & L|
|Area code(s)||01744 / 01942 / 01925 / 0151|
The Metropolitan Borough of St Helens is a metropolitan borough of Merseyside, in North West England. It is named after its largest town St Helens, and covers an area which includes the settlements of Newton-le-Willows, Earlestown, Haydock, Rainhill, Eccleston, Clock Face, Billinge and Rainford.
The Metropolitan Borough Council is made up of 48 councillors, with three representing each of the 16 wards of the borough.
The Metropolitan Borough was formed on 1 April 1974 as a merger of the former County Borough of St Helens, along with the urban districts of Haydock, Newton-le-Willows and Rainford, and parts of Billinge-and-Winstanley and Ashton-in-Makerfield urban districts, along with part of Whiston Rural District, all from the administrative county of Lancashire.
Between 1974 and 1986 the borough council shared functions with Merseyside County Council. The functions of this body were in part devolved to the boroughs and in part transferred to ad hoc agencies.
Elections to St Helens Metropolitan Borough Council are held in three out of every four years, with one-third of the 48 seats on the council being elected at each election.
The Labour party has had a majority on the council since the first election in 1973, except for a period between the 2004 election and the 2010 election when no party had a majority. This allowed an alliance between the Liberal Democrats and the Conservatives to take control after the 2006 election until Labour regained control in 2010.
The borough borders the borough of Knowsley, within Merseyside, in the south-west, the Lancashire district of West Lancashire in the north, the Greater Manchester Borough of Wigan in the north-east, and to the south the boroughs of Warrington and Halton in Cheshire.
The St Helens Borough covers roughly 30 km² over an area of soft rolling hills used primarily for agricultural purposes, mainly arable. The highest point in the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens, and the whole of Merseyside, is Billinge Hill, 4.5 miles (7.2 km) north from St.Helens centre. The borough is landlocked with a stream running through, Mill Brook/Windle Brook running through Eccleston and connecting with the (disused) St. Helens Branch/Section of the Sankey Canal in the town centre. The centre of St Helens is around 160 feet (50 m) above sea level.
Carr Mill Dam is Merseyside's largest body of inland water, offering picturesque lakeside trails and walks as well as national competitive powerboating and angling events.
The Burgies are two tailings on the site of the old Rushy Park coal mine. They were created by the dumping of toxic chemical waste from the manufacture of glass, they have since been covered with tall grass and woodland.
|St Helens Population using 2001 Data, 2008 Wards|
|2001 UK Census||Population||Households|
|Billinge and Seneley Green||12,717||4985|
Coat of arms
|Coat of Arms of St Helens Council|
|Armiger||College of Heralds|
|Crest||A rams head with fleur-de-lys mounted on a helmet, representing Lord Newton|
|Escutcheon||Quarterly: 1 red saltire representing Ashton and Seneley Green, 2 Black griffin representing Rainhill, 3 Pilkingtons Cross representing Windle], 4 Red crosslet representing Billinge summounted by the Black Cross of Haydock & Eccleston and the Blue Bars of Parr.|
|Supporters||A golden lion and a black griffin|
|Motto||Latin: Prosperitas In Excelsis English: "Flourishing Well"|
|Use||On all council documents|
- St. Helens Metropolitan Borough Council
- Earlestown Historical Website
- Newton-le-Willows Historical Website