Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras
St Pancras (now Camden) Town Hall
(displaying coat of arms of the former Borough)
St Pancras within the County of London
|- Origin||St Pancras|
|- Succeeded by||London Borough of Camden|
|Government||St Pancras Borough Council|
|- HQ||Town Hall, Judd Street|
|- Motto||With Wisdom and Courage|
Coat of arms of the borough council
The Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras was a Metropolitan borough of the County of London between 1900 and 1965, when it was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead and the Metropolitan Borough of Holborn to form the London Borough of Camden. It was based on the ancient parish of St Pancras.
It included Tottenham Court Road, Camden Town, St Pancras, Kings Cross, Somers Town, Kentish Town, Euston, and part of Regent's Park. There are still a few street name signs with "Borough of St Pancras" on them.
Coat of arms
Unofficial arms of 1902
The corporation designed its own, unofficial, coat of arms in 1902. In the centre of the shield was a depiction of St Pancras. The shield itself was in four quarters. The first quarter was described as a "fimbriated cross" (actually a saltire) representing the martyrdom of Pancras. The fourth quarter stood for Middlesex, and bore three seaxes on red: (the attributed arms of the kingdom of the middle and east Saxons). The other two quarters had a lion and cross crosslets; and blue and silver chequers. These were taken from the arms of the borough of Lewes, in Sussex. The parish church of Lewes was the first in England to be dedicated to St Pancras. At the top of the shield was shown a gold rising sun for the "dawn of Christianity" in the area. The colours used in the design were described as "gold, azure, white and crimson". The motto adopted was Constans Justitiam Moniti (Well Versed In Justice). According to Richard Crosley, writing in 1928, "This motto is unique amongst the mottoes of London in as much as the author has not discovered anyone who can translate it".
Official arms of 1936
In 1936 the corporation received an official grant from the College of Arms. The figure of St Pancras was moved to the crest, on top of the helm. The shield featured elements from the arms of historical landowners of the borough. The scallop shells were taken from the arms of the Russell family, Dukes of Bedford. The elephant's heads were from the arms of the Marquess Camden. The roses and crossed swords represented the Dean and Chapter of St Paul's Cathedral.
The 1936 arms can still be seen over the entrance of Camden Town Hall. Charges from these arms were used, together with charges from the coats of arms of Hampstead and of Holborn, when the new coat of arms of the London Borough of Camden was designed in 1965.
Area and population
The borough had an area of 2,694 acres (10.9 km2). The populations recorded in National Censuses were:
St Pancras Civil Parish 1801-1899
Metropolitan Borough 1900-1961
- A coat of arms for St. Pancras, The Times, February 6, 1902
- London's Coats of Arms, Richard Crosley, 1928
- Statistical Abstract for London, 1901 (Vol. IV); Census tables for Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras
- Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras : Census Tables at Vision of Britain accessed 14 Dec 2006
- The census was suspended for World War II
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