Metropolitan cities of Italy

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The Città Metropolitana (Italian for "Metropolitan City") is an Italian administrative institution created by the reform of local authorities (Law 142/1990), later amended by 1993, 1995, 1997, 1999 and 2009 provisions,[1] operative from 2014. The Città Metropolitana, as defined by law, includes a large core city and the smaller surrounding towns that are closely related to it with regard to economic activities and essential public services, as well as to cultural relations and to territorial features, that form its metropolitan area. A città metropolitana (legal name) is therefore, by all means, a metropolitan area. The main aim of the reform was to give metropolitan areas the administrative powers of a province.

History[edit]

The original 1990 law individuated as metropolitan areas the communes of: Turin, Milan, Venice, Genoa, Bologna, Florence, Rome, Bari, Naples and their respective hinterlands, reserving the autonomous regions the right to individuate metropolitan areas in their territory.[2] Amendments added Reggio Calabria (in 2009)[3] and Bergamo, Brescia, Salerno (in 2013)[4] to the list. The metropolitan areas individuated by the autonomous regions were: Cagliari, Catania, Messina, Palermo and Trieste.

In 2005, the Italian Ministry of the Environment has produced a study on the state of metropolitan areas regulation in Italy, that contains an analysis of the local authorities already defined and suggestions on the delimitation of the remaining.[5] In December 2013, Lower House, approves the establishment of the 9 metropolitan cities.[6]

On 3 April 2014 the Lower House finally approved the law that establishes the metropolitan cities in Italy.[7]

The new metropolitan cities will become operative from 1 January 2015. By 12 October 2014 in each Metropolitan City elections will be held to chose the members of the new Metropolitan Council. By the end of 2014 every Metropolitan Council will have to approve the new Statute of the respective Metropolitan City.[8]

Organisation[edit]

The Metropolitan City will be composed by the municipalities (comuni) that now are members of the same province. Each Metropolitan City will be headed by a Metropolitan Mayor (Sindaco Metropolitano) assisted by a legislative body, the Metropolitan Council (Consiglio Metropolitano), and by a non-legislative assembly, the Metropolitan Conference (Conferenza Metropolitana). Members of Council will be elected and chosen by mayors and city councilors of each municipality in the Metropolitan City, the Metropolitan Mayor will be the Mayor of the chief town (capoluogo). The Metropolitan Conference will be composed by the mayors of the municipalities closest to the chief town.[8]

The main functions devolved to the new metropolitan cities will be:

  • local planning and zoning;
  • provision of local police services;
  • transport and city services regulation.

Official metro cities[edit]

Metropolitan City Area
(km²)
Population
February 2014
Density
(pop./km²)
Mayor
Bari-Stemma.png Bari
Bari
3,863 1,261,964 327
Bologna-Stemma.png Bologna
Bologna
3,702 1,001,170 273
FlorenceCoA.svg Florence
Firenze
3,514 1,007,252 287
Stemma di Genova.svg Genoa
Genova
1,834 868,046 473
CoA Città di Milano.svg Milan
Milano
1,981 4,039,021 2,039
CoA Città di Napoli.svg Naples
Napoli
1,179 3,127,390 2,653
Coat of arms of Rome.svg Rome
Roma
5,363 4,321,244 806
Turin coat of arms.svg Turin
Torino
6,827 2,297,917 337
Coat of Arms of the Republic of Venice.svg Venice
Venezia
2,473 857,841 347
Reggio Calabria Stemma.png Reggio Calabria
Reggio Calabria
3,210 559,759 174

Alternative studies[edit]

Data by OECD (2010)[9]

City Pop. World Rank Population Area
(sqkm)
Density
(inh./sqkm)
GDP 2010
(millions USD)
GDP per capita 2010
(USD)
Bari 243 577,899 754.98 765.44 12,166.99 21,053.84
Bologna 190 745,255 2,036.19 366.00 28,942.43 38,835.60
Catania 229 623,610 609.35 1,023.40 11,189.23 17,943.80
Florence 201 723,164 1,737.87 416.12 24,888.82 34,416.56
Genoa 203 716,159 1,113.59 643.10 22,109.58 30,872.44
Milan 24 4,060,624 2,637.77 1,539.41 180,506.08 44,452.79
Naples 32 3,552,568 1,558.57 2,279.37 61,820.42 17,401.62
Palermo 145 935,921 835.58 1,120.08 18,492.21 19,758.31
Rome 26 4,008,095 5,686.46 704.84 142,053.82 35,441.73
Turin 72 1,747,614 1,781.34 981.06 54,538.34 31,207.31
Venice 259 541,969 1,089.17 497.59 17,097.93 31,547.79

Data by Global MetroMonitor (2012)[10]

City Population GDP 2012
(millions USD)
GDP per capita 2012
(USD)
Employment
Bologna 836,014 32.8 39,194 441,099
Florence 1,490,636 51.6 34,640 710,932
Genoa 911,726 30.1 33,003 381,883
Milan 7,626,467 289.3 37,938 3,588,796
Naples 4,460,993 83.6 18,749 1,286,022
Rome 4,328,236 167.8 38,765 2,086,794
Turin 2,338,339 76.6 32,775 1,071,747
Venice 1,642,986 57.9 35,252 769,887

Metro Cities with Forbes Fortune 500 Global Companies, in 2013:[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]