List of metropolitan areas of Peru

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For city populations, see list of cities in Peru.
Lizet Castañeda and Gino Morales champions in Trujillo Marinera Festival, a traditional Peruvian dance

The following is a list of the most populous Peruvian metropolitan areas with over 300,000 inhabitants.

Note that the populations of metropolitan areas are not city populations but rather a combination of a main large city and many other smaller satellite cities. In Peru, cities with a population of more than 500,000 and with a metropolitan development plan are considered metropolises.[1][2] As of the 2007 census, these cities are Lima, Trujillo, Arequipa, and Chiclayo.[3][4][5][6][7][8]

Metropolitan areas of Peru
Rank Image Coat of arms Metropolitan
area
Region 1993
population
2007
population
2014
population
[9]
1 Lima
Lima
Coat of arms of Lima.svg Lima Metropolitan Area Lima 6.321.173[3] 8.472.935[3] 9.735.587[10]
2 Trujillo
Trujillo
EscudoDeTrujilloPeru.png Trujillo Metropolitan Area La Libertad 589.314[4] 804.834[5] 935.147
3 Arequipa
Arequipa
Escudo de Armas de Arequipa.svg Arequipa metropolitan area Arequipa 645.079[6] 749.291[7] 909.955
4 Chiclayo
Chiclayo
Escudo de Chiclayo.PNG Chiclayo metropolitan area Lambayeque 550.179 697.861[8] 801.580
5 Piura
Piura
Escudo Piura.JPG Piura metropolitan area Piura - 450.363[11] 510.488
6 Iquitos
Iquitos
Escudo Loreto.JPG Iquitos metropolitan area Loreto - - 467.493
7 Cusco
The mountain Huayna Picchu overlooks the ruins of Machu Picchu
Cusco metropolitan area Cusco - - 427.974
8 chimbote
Chimbote
Coat of arms of Chimbote.svg Chimbote metropolitan area Ancash - - 378.358
9 Huancayo
Huancayo
Pe ehuan.gif Huancayo metropolitan area Junin - - 362.716
Sources:
Law of Territorial Demarcation[2]
1993 population: Lima metropolitan area,[3] Trujillo metropolitan area,[4] Arequipa metropolitan area[6] - 1993 census (INEI)
2007 population: Lima metropolitan area,[3] Trujillo metropolitan area,[5] Arequipa metropolitan area,[7] Chiclayo metropolitan area[12][13] - Censo 2007 (INEI)
Estimated 2014 population[9] (INEI)

Composition[edit]

Trujillo Main Square, in honor to the city the Freedom Monument by sculptor Edmund Möeller
Arequipa, View of the Basilica Cathedral of Arequipa on the north side of the square
Map of Arequipa Metropolitan
Plaza de Armas of Chiclayo
Map of Chiclayo Metropolitan and its nearby zones
  • Lima metropolitan area

Lima metropolitan area is composed of 6 sub regions that group 43 urban districts of Lima Province and 6 districts of Callao Province. These sub regions are the Lima Norte, Lima Sur, Lima Este, Residential Lima, Central Lima, and Callao with a total estimated population in 2014 of 9.735.587 people.[10]

  • Trujillo:

Trujillo, La Esperanza, El Porvenir, Víctor Larco, Florencia de Mora, Huanchaco, Moche, Salaverry and Laredo[14]

Composition Estimated
population 2014[9]
Category
of the Subdivision
Trujillo 317.893 District
Víctor Larco 63.317 District
Florencia de Mora 41.950 District
Huanchaco 64.957 District
Moche 35.074 District
Salaverry 17.633 District
Laredo 35.200 District
El Porvenir 180.716 District
La Esperanza 179.407 District
Total 935,147 -
  • Arequipa: Arequipa, Alto Selva alegre, Cayma, Cerro colorado, Jacobo hunter, José Luís Bustamante y Rivero, Mariano Melgar, Miraflores, Paucarpata, Sabandia, Sachaca, Socabaya, Tiabaya Yanahuara, Characato, Uchumayo, Mollebaya, Quequeña and Yura.[15]
Composition Estimated
population 2014[9]
Category
of the Subdivision
Arequipa 55.264 District
Alto Selva alegre 81.445 District
Cayma 89.793 District
Cerro Colorado 143.772 District
Jacobo Hunter 48.247 District
José Luís Bustamante y Rivero 77.019 District
Mariano Melgar 52.837 District
Miraflores 49.160 District
Paucarpata 124.701 District
Sabandia 4.095 District
Sachaca 19.390 District
Socabaya 75.797 District
Tiabaya 14.823 District
Yanahuara 25.242 District
Characato 8.947 District
Uchumayo 12.246 District
Yura 24.007 District
Mollebaya 1.809 District
Quequeña 1.361 District
Total 909.955 --
  • Chiclayo: Chiclayo, Eten, Leonardo Ortiz, La Victoria, Monsefú, Pimentel, Pomalca, Puerto Eten, Reque, Santa Rosa, Lambayeque and San José.[16]
Composition Estimated
population 2014[9]
Category
of the Subdivision
Chiclayo 289.956 District
Eten 10.672 District
Leonardo Ortiz 190.388 District
La Victoria 89.499 District
Monsefú 31.880 District
Pimentel 42.870 District
Pomalca 25.229 District
Puerto Eten 2.194 District
Reque 14.736 District
Santa Rosa 12.551 District
Lambayeque 75.905 District
San José 15.700 District
Total 801.580 --
  • Piura: Piura, Castilla, Catacaos.[17]
Composition Estimated
population 2014[9]
Category
of the Subdivision
Piura 297.062 District
Castilla 141.175 District
Catacaos 72,251 District
Total 510.488 --
  • Iquitos: Iquitos, Punchana, San Juan Bautista, Belén.[18]
Composition Estimated
population 2014[9]
Category
of the Subdivision
Iquitos 153.357 District
Belén 75.593 District
Punchana 90.071 District
San Juan Bautista 148.472 District
Total 467.493 --
  • Cusco: San Jerónimo, Cusco, Santiago, Wanchaq, San Sebastián.[19]
Composition Estimated
population 2014[9]
Category
of the Subdivision
Cusco 118.322 District
San Jerónimo 45.236 District
Santiago 90.274 District
Wanchaq 63.844 District
San Sebastián 110.298 District
Total 427.974 --
  • Chimbote: Chimbote, Nuevo Chimbote y Coishco.[10][20]
Composition Estimated
population 2014[9]
Category
of the Subdivision
Chimbote 216.154 District
Nuevo Chimbote 146.444 District
Coishco 15.760 District
Total 378.358 --
  • Huancayo: Huancayo, El Tambo, Chilca.[21]
Composition Estimated
population 2014[9]
Category
of the Subdivision
Huancayo 116.944 District
El Tambo 160.685 District
Chilca 85.087 District
Total 362.716 --

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Planeamiento Urbano - Perú: Áreas metropolitanas (Pag. 3)" (in Spanish). 
  2. ^ a b "Ley 27795 - LEY DE DEMARCACIÓN Y ORGANIZACIÓN TERRITORIAL (Pag. 19)" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 20, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e INEI (ed.). "(spanish)INEI - Perfil socio demográfico del Perú". Retrieved October 25, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c "(spanish) Plan de Desarrollo Metropolitano de Trujillo-Plandemetru (Page. 35, 36)" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 25, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c PLANDET, ed. (2009). "Plan de Desarrollo Urbano Metropolitano de Trujillo 2012-2022(pág. 39)" (in Spanish). 
  6. ^ a b c "(spanish)Plan Director de Arequipa Metropolitana 2002–2015 (page 22, 62)" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 25, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c INEI, ed. (2011). "(spanish)INEI:Arequipa Compendio estadístico 2011 - Arequipa Metropolitana, Población censada y estimada, Según Distritos (page 77)" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 25, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Municipalidad de Chiclayo (ed.). "(spanish)Plan de desarrollo urbano ambiental de Chiclayo 2015" (in Spanish). 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j INEI (ed.). "Peru: Estimated population by sex according to Departamento, province and district 2013- INEI" (in Spanish). Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c INEI (ed.). "(spanish)INEI - PERÚ: ESTIMACIONES Y PROYECCIONES DE POBLACIÓN TOTAL POR SEXO DE LAS PRINCIPALES CIUDADES, 2013-2015" (in Spanish). 
  11. ^ Municipalidad Provincial de Piura. "Plan de Desarrollo Urbano de los Distritos de Piura, Veintiséis de Octubre, Castilla y Catacaos al 2032 (page 29)" (in Spanish). 
  12. ^ INEI, ed. (2008). "Población de la Región Lambayeque según Provincias y distritos - Resultados del censo 2007" (in Spanish). Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  13. ^ INEI, ed. (2008). "Censos Nacionales 2007: XI de Población y VI de Vivienda - Sistema de Consultas de Resultados Censales (INEI)" (in Spanish). Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Plan Estratégico de desarrollo integral y sostenible de Trujillo (Pag. 15)" (in Spanish). 
  15. ^ "Plan de Desarrollo Metropolitano de Arequipa 2012-2022 (Pag. 34)" (in Spanish). 
  16. ^ "MODERNIZACION DE LA GESTION DEL DESARROLLO URBANO DE LA PROVINCIA DE CHICLAYO (Pag. 6)" (in Spanish). 
  17. ^ Municipalidad de Piura, ed. (2008). "PLAN DE DESARROLLO CONCERTADO DE LA PROVINCIA DE PIURA 2009-2014 (page 67)" (in Spanish). 
  18. ^ "PLAN LOCAL PROVINCIAL DE SEGURIDAD CIUDADANA DE MAYNAS (Pags. 42,44,45)" (in Spanish). 
  19. ^ "INEI - Conociendo Cusco (POBLACION CUSCO METROPOLITANO, Pag. 24)" (in Spanish). 
  20. ^ "PLAN DE DESARROLLO CONCERTADO DE LA PROVINCIA DEL SANTA 2007-2015 (Pag. 34)" (in Spanish). 
  21. ^ "Plan de desarrollo Urbano de Huancayo (Pag. 50)" (in Spanish).