Metropolitan municipalities in Turkey

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This is a list of metropolitan municipalities in Turkey. There are 81 provinces in Turkey (Turkish: il). Among the 81 provincial centers, thirty of them are called metropolitan municipalities[1] (Turkish: büyükşehir belediyeleri). Within city borders of the metropolitan municipalities, there are more than one district governorate (Turkish: ilçe), where each governorate has a municipality which is a second-level municipality.[2]

History[edit]

The first metropolitan municipalities were established in 1984.[3] These were the three most populous cities in Turkey, namely; İstanbul, Ankara and İzmir. In each metropolitan municipality a number of second level municipalities (ilçe) were established. In 1986, four new metropolitan municipalities were established in Adana,[4] Bursa,[5] Gaziantep[6] and Konya.[7] Two years later the total number was increased to eight with the addition of Kayseri.[8] In 1993, seven new metropolitan municipalities were established in Antalya, Diyarbakır, Erzurum, Eskişehir, Mersin, Kocaeli and Samsun.[9] Following the earthquake of 1999, Sakarya was also declared a metropolitan municipality.[10]

Before 2004, only the urban centers with a population more than 750,000 were declared metropolitan centers. However, in 2004, the concept of metropolitan municipality was redefined in Istanbul and Kocaeli, where from then on metropolitan municipality borders would overlap with provincial borders. In 2012, this was extented to other metropolitan municipalities.[11] Thus, all provinces with a population in excess of 750,000 were declared metropolitan municipality and accordingly the number of metropolitan municipalities has sharply increased. The following 13 cities became metropolitan municipality: Aydın, Balıkesir, Denizli, Hatay, Malatya, Manisa, Kahramanmaraş, Mardin, Muğla, Tekirdağ, Trabzon, Şanlıurfa.[11] Later, with the addition of Ordu, the total number of the metropolitan municipalities was increased to 30.[12]

Turkey List of metropolitan areas in Turkey[edit]

Desc-20.png
Metropolitan municipalities Date of establishment Population (2013) Number of districts[13]
Adana 05.06.1986 2,149,160 15
Ankara 23.03.1984 5,045,083 25
Antalya 09.09.1993 2,158,265 19
Aydın 06.12.2012 1,020,957 17
Balıkesir 06.12.2012 1,162,761 20
Bursa 18.06.1986 2,740,970 17
Denizli 06.12.2012 963,464 19
Diyarbakır 09.09.1993 1,607,437 17
Erzurum 09.09.1993 766,729 20
Eskişehir 09.09.1993 799,724 14
Gaziantep 20.06.1986 1,844,438 9
Hatay 06.12.2012 1,503,066 15
Mersin[Note 1] 09.09.1993 1,705,774 13
İstanbul 23.03.1984 14,160,467 39
İzmir 23.03.1984 4,061,074 30
Kayseri 07.12.1988 1,295,355 16
Kocaeli[Note 2] 09.09.1993 1,676,202 12
Konya 20.06.1986 2,079,225 31
Malatya 06.12.2012 762,538 13
Manisa 06.12.2012 1,359,463 17
Kahramanmaraş 06.12.2012 1,075,706 11
Mardin 06.12.2012 779,738 10
Muğla 06.12.2012 866,665 13
Ordu 14.03.2013 731,452 [Note 3] 19
Sakarya[Note 4] 06.03.2000 917,373 16
Samsun 09.09.1993 1,261,810 17
Tekirdağ 06.12.2012 874,475 11
Trabzon 06.12.2012 758,237 18
Şanlıurfa 06.12.2012 1,801,980 13
Van 06.12.2012 1,070,113 13
Total N/A 58,999,701 519

Since the total population of Turkey is 76,667,864 these 30 provinces make up 77% of the total.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Formerly named İçel.
  2. ^ Formerly the center city of Kocaeli Province was İzmit, which is now a district
  3. ^ The population of Ordu Province was more than 750000 limit in 2013
  4. ^ Formerly the center city of Sakarya Province was Adapazarı, which is now a district

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistical Institute page
  2. ^ Law act no 5216 (Turkish)
  3. ^ Belleten of legislation (Turkish)
  4. ^ Art no 3306 (Turkish)
  5. ^ Art no 3391 (Turkish)
  6. ^ Art no.3398 (Turkish)
  7. ^ Art no 3399 (Turkish)
  8. ^ Art no 3508 (Turkish)
  9. ^ Decree no 504 (Turkish)
  10. ^ Art no 593 (Turkish)
  11. ^ a b Art no 6360 (Turkish)
  12. ^ CNN Turk news (Turkish)
  13. ^ Statistical Institute Metropolitan municipality page