Metropolitan cities of Italy

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The Città Metropolitana (Italian for "Metropolitan City") is an Italian administrative institution created by the reform of local authorities (Law 142/1990), later amended by 1993, 1995, 1997, 1999 and 2009 provisions,[1] operative from 2014. The Città Metropolitana, as defined by law, includes a large core city and the smaller surrounding towns that are closely related to it with regard to economic activities and essential public services, as well as to cultural relations and to territorial features, that form its metropolitan area. A città metropolitana (legal name) is therefore, by all means, a metropolitan area. The main aim of the reform was to give metropolitan areas the administrative powers of a province.

History[edit]

The original 1990 law individuated as metropolitan areas the communes of: Turin, Milan, Venice, Genoa, Bologna, Florence, Rome, Bari, Naples and their respective hinterlands, reserving the autonomous regions the right to individuate metropolitan areas in their territory.[2] Amendments added Reggio Calabria (in 2009)[3] and Bergamo, Brescia, Salerno (in 2013)[4] to the list. The metropolitan areas individuated by the autonomous regions were: Cagliari, Catania, Messina, Palermo and Trieste.

In 2005, the Italian Ministry of the Environment has produced a study on the state of metropolitan areas regulation in Italy, that contains an analysis of the local authorities already defined and suggestions on the delimitation of the remaining.[5] In December 2013, Lower House, approves the establishment of the 9 metropolitan cities.[6]

On 3 April 2014 the Lower House finally approved the law that establishes the metropolitan cities in Italy.[7]

The new metropolitan cities will become operative from 1 January 2015. By 12 October 2014 in each Metropolitan City elections will be held to chose the members of the new Metropolitan Council. By the end of 2014 every Metropolitan Council will have to approve the new Statute of the respective Metropolitan City.[8]

Organisation[edit]

The Metropolitan City will be composed by the municipalities (comuni) that now are members of the same province. Each Metropolitan City will be headed by a Metropolitan Mayor (Sindaco Metropolitano) assisted by a legislative body, the Metropolitan Council (Consiglio Metropolitano), and by a non-legislative assembly, the Metropolitan Conference (Conferenza Metropolitana). Members of Council will be elected and chosen by mayors and city councilors of each municipality in the Metropolitan City, the Metropolitan Mayor will be the Mayor of the chief town (capoluogo). The Metropolitan Conference will be composed by the mayors of the municipalities closest to the chief town.[8]

The main functions devolved to the new metropolitan cities will be:

  • local planning and zoning;
  • provision of local police services;
  • transport and city services regulation.

Administrative divisions and Demography[edit]

Metropolitan City Region Area
(km²)
Population Density
(pop./km²)
Municipalities Established Mayor
Bari-Stemma.png Bari
Bari
Apulia 5,138 1,247,303 329.92 41 1 January 2015
Bologna-Stemma.png Bologna
Bologna
Emilia Romagna 3,702 976,243 270.53 56 1 January 2015
FlorenceCoA.svg Florence
Firenze
Tuscany 3,514 973,145 286.64 42 1 January 2015
Stemma di Genova.svg Genoa
Genova
Liguria 1,839 855,834 471.97 67 1 January 2015
CoA Città di Milano.svg Milan
Milano
Lombardy 1,575 3,038,420 2,016.62 134 1 January 2015
CoA Città di Napoli.svg Naples
Napoli
Campania 1,171 3,054,956 2,670.70 92 1 January 2015
Coat of arms of Rome.svg Rome
Roma
Lazio 5,352 3,997,465 807.41 121 1 January 2015
Turin coat of arms.svg Turin
Torino
Piedmont 6,827 2,247,780 336.59 315 1 January 2015
Coat of Arms of the Republic of Venice.svg Venice
Venezia
Veneto 2,462 846,962 348.43 44 1 January 2015
Reggio Calabria Stemma.png Reggio Calabria
Reggio Calabria
Calabria 3,183 550,967 172.80 97 Until 2016

Former municipalities amalgamated to metropolitan cities:

  • Bari:
  • Bologna:
  • Florence:
  • Genoa:
  • Milan:
  • Naples:
  • Rome:
  • Turin:
  • Venice:

Sizing Economic Performance[edit]

Data by Global MetroMonitor 2012[9]

Metropolitan city GDP ($ billion) Population GDP per capita ($) Employment
Bologna 32.8 836,014 39,194 441,099
Florence 51.6 1,490,636 34,640 710,932
Genoa 30.1 911,726 33,003 381,883
Milan 289.3 7,626,467 37,938 3,588,796
Naples 83.6 4,460,993 18,749 1,286,022
Rome 167.8 4,328,236 38,765 2,086,794
Turin 76.6 2,338,339 32,775 1,071,747
Venice 57.9 1,642,986 35,252 769,887

Metro Cities with Forbes Fortune 500 Global Companies, in 2013:[10]

Alternative studies[edit]

Given the situation of persisting administrative and statistical uncertainty, during the last decades a few authoritative alternative studies has been produced regarding Italian metropolitan areas. According to OECD,[11] the largest conurbations are:

See also[edit]

References[edit]