Metropolitan regions of China

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According to research[1] by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) of the People's Republic of China, ten major metropolitan regions are forming in China. Together, they constitute about one-tenth (9.99%) of China's land area, one-third (35.02%) of the country's population and one-half (52.83%) of the country's GDP (as in 2005). Among them, the largest three have been established since the beginning of China's economic reform and are expected to remain the leading force of the country's economic development in the coming decades.

Chinese & Hanyu Pinyin Megalopolises Metropolises and Cities Population Jurisdiction
珠江三角洲 [2] Zhū Jiāng Sānjiǎozhōu Pearl River Delta
  1. Guangfo Metropolis (Guangzhou, Foshan, & Zhaoqing)
  2. Greater Hong Kong (Hong Kong & Shenzhen)
  3. Dongguan-Huizhou Metropolitan Area
  4. Greater Macau (Macau & Zhuhai)
  5. Jiangmen-Zhongshan Metropolitan Area
63,724,157
~
120,000,000
China PRC
Hong Kong HKG
Macau MAC
長江三角洲
长江三角洲 [3]
Cháng Jiāng Sānjiǎozhōu Yangtze River Delta
  1. Greater Shanghai (Shanghai, Jiaxing, Suzhou)[original research?]
  2. Wuxi-Changzhou Metropolitan Area[original research?]
  3. Hangzhou-Ningbo Metropolitan Area (including Shaoxing and Zhoushan)
  4. Greater Nanjing (Nanjing, Zhenjiang, Ma'anshan)
  5. Nantong-Zhangjiagang Metropolitan Area (including Jiangyin, Haimen, Jingjiang)
88,000,000
~
92,582,426
China PRC
环渤海经济圈
環渤海經濟圈 [4]
Huán Bóhǎi Jīngjìquān Bohai Economic Rim
  1. Greater Beijing (Beijing and Tianjin-Binhai)
  2. Shandong Peninsula (Qingji) (Jinan and Qingdao, including Yantai, Weifang etc.)
  3. Shenda Metropolis (Shenyang and Dalian, including Anshan, Fushun, Dandong, Sinuiju)
  4. Hebei North Coast (Tangshan and Qinhuangdao)
Greater Beijing: ~23,700,000
Shenda: ~13,890,000
Hebei North Coast: ~9,905,400
China PRC
North Korea PRK[citation needed]
海峡经济区
海峽經濟區 [5]
hǎixiá jīngjì qū Cross-Strait Economic Zone
  1. Coastal cities of Fujian Province (Xiamen and Fuzhou also including neighboring cities such as Wenzhou, Shantou etc.)
  2. Western Coast of Taiwan Island
    (Taipei, Taichung, Tainan, & Kaoshiung)
Fujian: ???
Taiwan: ~18,000,000
China PRC
Taiwan ROC
环北部湾经济圈
環北部灣經濟圈 [6]
huán Bĕi bù wān jīng jì quān Beibu Gulf Economic Rim[7]
  1. Greater Nanning (Nanning, Beihai, Yulin, Qinzhou, Chongzuo, & Fangchenggang)
  2. Red River Delta (Hanoi, Hai Phong, Thanh Hóa, Nam Dinh, & Hai Duong)
Red River Delta: ~33,700,000 China PRC
Vietnam Vietnam
中原经济区/中原經濟區 Zhōngyuán Central Plain Kaifeng, Xinxiang, Zhengzhou, Luoyang ~24,170,000 China PRC
哈尔滨长春地区
哈爾濱長春地區
(东三省城市/東三省城市)
Hāěrbīn Chángchūn Dìqū
(Dōngsānshěng Chéngshì)
Harbin-Changchun Area
(Northeastern Cities)
  1. Greater Harbin (Harbin including Qiqihar and Daqing)
  2. Greater Changchun (Changchun including Jilin City and Siping)
  3. Mudanjiang-Yanji Metropolitan Area (including Rason and Vladivostok)
~21,832,000 China PRC
North Korea DPRK
Russia Russia
四川盆地
(成渝都市圈)
Sìchuān Péndì
(Chéngyú Dūshìquān)
Sichuan basin
(Chengyu Megalopolis)
around Chengdu and Chongqing, including Zigong, Luzhou etc. ~20,878,000 China PRC
大武汉都市圈
大武漢都市圈
Dàwǔhàn Dūshìquān Greater Wuhan Megalopolis around Wuhan, including Huangshi, Xinyang, Jiujiang, Yueyang etc. ~20,000,000 China PRC
关中
關中
Guānzhōng Guanzhong around Xi'an, including Xianyang, Baoji etc. ~16,722,000 China PRC
长株潭城市群
長株潭城市群
Cháng-zhū-tán chéngshìqún Greater Changsha Metropolitan Region around Changsha, including Zhuzhou, Xiangtan. ~12,994,400(2000) China PRC

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ 中国将形成十大城市群, Academy of Macroeconomic Research (AMR), 2007
  2. ^ Vidal, John (2010-03-22). "UN report: World's biggest cities merging into 'mega-regions'". The Guardian (London). 
  3. ^ "关于长江三角洲构建世界第六大城市群的思考". China.com.cn. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  4. ^ "Foreign investment shows trend of "moving northward"". china-embassy.org. 2004-05-14. Retrieved 2010-01-09. 
  5. ^ [1][dead link]
  6. ^ "广西北部湾经济区概况-广西北部湾网". Bbw.gov.cn. 2009-03-19. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  7. ^ "Chinese Cities on Beibu Gulf Increase Cooperation". English.peopledaily.com.cn. 2000-09-02. Retrieved 2013-04-04.