|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2011)|
|Locale||Naples, Campania, Italy|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||2|
|Number of stations||20|
|Began operation||March 28, 1993|
|System length||17.6 km (10.9 mi)|
The Naples Metro (Italian: Metropolitana di Napoli) is the metro system serving the city of Naples, Italy. The system includes two underground rapid transit lines (Line 1 and Line 6), integrated with some commuter railways (the Line 2 operated by Trenitalia; Circumflegrea and Cumana operated by SEPSA; the Naples–Aversa railway operated by MCNE; and the Circumvesuviana network), with planned upgrading and expansion work underway. The network is complemented by four funiculars (cable railways).
The network is coordinated by Regione Campania through the Agenzia Campana per la Mobilità Sostenibile (Campania Agency for Sustainable Mobility). The integrated tariff system which allows travel across all forms of public transport within Naples is managed by the UnicoCampania consortium.
In 1911 construction on the urban section of the Rome–Formia–Naples railway, the Villa Literno–Napoli Gianturco railway was commenced, and although it was suspended for the duration of World War I, the line was eventually opened on 28 September 1925 as a urban railway service line, the first in Italy. This service is now known as Line 2.
After the World War II, the existing Circumvesuviana railway was upgraded to a modern commuter rail, and also the Cumana railway became relevant for the commuter transport. In 1962 the Circumflegrea railway was opened.
Construction of the first real metro railway (Line 1) began in 1986, and the first part opened on 28 March 1993. Initially called the Metropolitana Collinare ("Hills metro") it ran for 4 km (2.5 mi) between Colli Aminei and Vanvitelli. Two years later, in 1995, the line was extended to reach Piscinola giving an overall track length of 8 kilometres (5.0 mi).
Although progress had been made from the early setbacks and problems, it was still apparent by 1997 that the network suffered badly from the lack of network integration and poor connections, as well as the fact that large areas of Naples were not close to stations. In 1997 the city government drew up a new Piano Comunale dei Trasporti di Napoli (City Transport Plan) which called for a review of the network, improved controls over maintenance expenditure and general finances, a new tariff control system and better management of the urban rail network of Naples.
The transport plan called for a three phase major redevelopment. Phase 1 would involve an expansion to a total of five lines, including major redevelopment of Line 1, and take the network up to 53 km of track (45 km of existing lines), with 68 stations (23 newly built), and 12 interchange nodes, to be completed by 2001. Phase 2 was designed to increase the network to 7 lines, with 84 stations, and 16 interchange nodes, plus 10 bus interchanges, to be completed by 2007. Phase 3 would see the network expanded to 10 rail lines with 93 km of track, and a further 30 km of new light rail (tram lines) linking 114 stations, with 21 interchanges, and 24 bus interchanges to be completed by 2011. The plan called for 70% of Neapolitans to be living within 500 metres of a transport access point by 2011.
In conjunction with the regional government of Campania, the comune government of Naples incorporated a new fully state-controlled joint-stock corporation called Metronapoli, which is 99% controlled by the comune and 1% controlled by ANM (Azienda Napoletana Mobilità), with a mission statement of: "providing an efficient public rail transport service of quality to the city".
Metronapoli took over control for running the urban rail transport network of Naples as part of a planned massive re-invigoration of public transport in the Campania region, on 1 February 2001. The regional government announced a rivoluzione del ferro (rail revolution) which involved a planned expansion of the region's network at a cost of €3.8 billion euros, and would see the construction of 1,400 km of new tracks and 80 new stations for a total of 423 stations on the network within Campania.
On 14 April 2001, service on Line 1 was extended from Vanvitelli to Museum (Museo) station.
On 3 December 2005, the CIPE, (Interdepartmental Committee for Economic Planning) announced over €600 million worth of funding to be spent the Metropolitana di Napoli network. €323 million was allocated for Montesanto station (Cumana and Circumflegrea), €61.1 million for Quattro Giornate station (Line 1 and Circumflegrea), with both projects to be completed by 2010, as well as €119.7 million to be spent to improve the section of Line 1 between Capodichino and Centro Direzionale and €100 million for the San Pasquale–Municipio section.
From 23 December 2006 to 20 February 2007 a special exhibition of models and multimedia presentations was held at Castel dell'Ovo to showcase all of the planned improvements to the Metropolitana di Napoli network, and was extremely well received by Neapolitans.
On 28 March 2011, Line 1 was extended from Museo station to Università, with a new intermediate stop at Piazza Dante; the section between Dante and Università involves a 1.85 kilometres (1.15 mi) underground tunnel that is single tracked. On 17 September 2012, the Toledo station, between Dante and Università opened; an additional intermediate station, Municipio (Town Hall), is planned to be opened in the near future.
Metronapoli is the public transport management company of Naples. Founded on 26 July 2000 as a fully state-controlled joint-stock corporation, it became operational on 1 February 2001. It is owned and controlled by two entities: the Comune of Naples, which owns 99% of shares, and the Azienda Napoletana Mobilità (Neapolitan Mobility Company), which owns the remaining 1%.
Metronapoli is currently responsible for the transport services and maintenance of Line 1 and Line 6, pedestrian subways, and the funicular railways (Chiaia, Mergellina and Montesanto). Metronapoli is also responsible for developing the various interchange links of Line 1 with Line 2 and the funicular railways, and is working with the National Archaeological Museum of Naples to ensure all development work is done in accordance with procedures to ensure the protection of historic monuments and archaeological remains.
The Naples Metro currently operates on two lines.
per annum (000s)
per mile (000s)
|Line 1||1993||15.3 km (9.5 mi)||16||34,675|
|Line 6||2007||2.3 km (1.4 mi)||4|
The original Giranapoli system was replaced in 2001-02 with a new automated system. The current fare structure for the Metropolitana di Napoli is a universal system across all forms of public transport in the city and the region of Campania as a whole. Therefore tickets are valid for use on all buses, funiculars, metro and local railways in Naples and adjacent municipalities. The universal system is referred to as 'Uniconapoli', a sub-branch of 'Consorzio Unicocampania'.
The whole province is divided into six concentric zones labeled as zones 0-5, expanding outwards from Naples itself (zone 0).
Tickets are sold by station booking-offices and kiosks, and need to be validated when first used. Every station on the network is now either equipped with automated ticketing machines, or being upgraded to incorporate them. These machines are all multi-lingual in Italian, English, French, German and Spanish.
|Single||€1.20||90 min||Can be used multiple times with 90 minute validity on all forms of public transport|
|Day Pass||€3.60||24 hours|
|Weekend Day Pass||€3.00||24 hours||Only available on Saturday or Sunday|
|Monthly Pass||€40.00||30 days||Unlimited travel within validity period|
These prices were current as of 1 November 2011.
More detailed information on fares and ticketing can be found on the Consorzio Uniconcampania website here.
A smartcard ticketing operation has been planned for introduction to the network, that may operate in a similar fashion to London Underground's Oystercard. The name of this smartcard is Jamme Card, from neapolitan dialect jamme (Let' s go)
Trains operate from 6:00 to 23:00 every day of the year. Headway is 8–10 minutes, except during morning and evening rush hours, when it is reduced to 6 minutes, and after 21:00 when the headway is about 15 minutes.
Line 1 has been dubbed 'Il Metrò dell'Arte' (The Art Metro) by Metronapoli as eight stations have been upgraded to exhibit works of art. These include both permanent exhibits and the provision for temporary displays. It is intended that this theme will continue as more of the planned stations on Line 1 are opened.
Museum station (stazione Museo) also displays archaeological remains and exhibits that were unearthed during the construction of the station, while others have been transferred to the Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli (Naples National Archaeological Museum) above the station, from which it is named.
Another initiative recently started on the Metropolitana di Napoli was to provide free books for riders on the network.
- "HOME - Le nostre linee - Linea 1" [HOME - Our Lines - Line 1] (in Italian). Metronapoli SpA. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- "HOME - Le nostre linee - Linea 6" [HOME - Our Lines - Line 6] (in Italian). Metronapoli SpA. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- "HOME - Press Kit - Press Kit - Linea 1 - Storia della Linea 1 metropolitana di Napoli" [HOME - Press Kit - Press Kit - Line 1 - History of Naples Metro Line 1] (in Italian). Metronapoli SpA. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- Giovanni Cornolò: Automotrici elettriche. Dalle origini al 1983. Duegi Editrice, 2011, p. 28. ISBN 88-95096-05-3
- L. Munzi: Nuovi treni SEPSA. In: ″Italmodel Ferrovie″ Nr. 220 (November 1978), p. 765.
- Metropolitana di Napoli. In: ″I Treni Oggi″ Nr. 137 (May 1993), p. 8.
- Robert Schwandl. "UrbanRail.net - Napoli". Retrieved 2008-01-04.
- David Briginshaw (1999). "Signs Of Progress In Naples And Turin - Brief Article". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 2008-10-02.
- "Trasporti su ferro, dal Cipe l’ok ai progetti della Regione". Il Mattino. 3 December 2005.
- "HOME - Press Kit - Press Kit - Linea 6 - Con Linea 6 il sistema Metronapoli avanza" [HOME - Press Kit - Press Kit - Line 6 - With Line 6, the system advances Metronapoli] (in Italian). Metronapoli SpA. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- "Naples Metro". Metrobits.org. 2008-09-25.
- "Libri gratis in Metropolitana Linea 1". Napolibella. 2008-11-02.
Media related to Naples metro at Wikimedia Commons