Metsovo

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Metsovo
Μέτσοβο
Panorama of Metsovo.
Panorama of Metsovo.
Location
Metsovo is located in Greece
Metsovo
Metsovo
Coordinates 39°46′N 21°11′E / 39.767°N 21.183°E / 39.767; 21.183Coordinates: 39°46′N 21°11′E / 39.767°N 21.183°E / 39.767; 21.183
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Epirus
Regional unit: Ioannina
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipality
 - Population: 6,196
 - Area: 366.8 km2 (142 sq mi)
 - Density: 17 /km2 (44 /sq mi)
Municipal unit
 - Population: 3,469
 - Area: 177.7 km2 (69 sq mi)
 - Density: 20 /km2 (51 /sq mi)
Community
 - Population: 2,503
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 1,160 m (3,806 ft)
Postal code: 442 00
Telephone: 26560
Auto: ΙΝ
Website
metsovo.gr/site/

Metsovo (Greek: Μέτσοβο; Aromanian: Aminciu) is a town in Epirus on the mountains of Pindus in northern Greece, between Ioannina to the north and Meteora to the south. The largest centre of Vlach life in Greece, Metsovo is bypassed by GR-6 (Ioannina - Trikala) and also by Egnatia Odos Motorway.

History[edit]

In 15th century Metsovo came under the Ottoman rule and became part of the Sanjak of Ioannina.[2][3] Throughout the late period of Ottoman rule (18th century-1913) the Greek and Aromanian population of the region (northern pindus) suffered from Albanian raiders.[4] Also, in one occasion in the local Greek revolt of 1854 the town was plundered Ottoman troops, and the men of Theodoros Grivas, former general of the Greek military, during their struggle for control of the town.[5] During the First Balkan War, Metsovo was burnt by Turco-Albanian bands.[6] During the Second World War Metsovo was the capital of a puppet state, established by the Axis forces, known as the Principality of the Pindus.

Municipality[edit]

The present municipality Metsovo was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 3 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[7]

Province[edit]

The province of Metsovo (Greek: Επαρχία Μετσόβου) was one of the provinces of the Ioannina Prefecture. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality Metsovo, except most of the municipal unit Egnatia.[8] It was abolished in 2006.

Attractions[edit]

The town is famous for its local cheeses (Metsovone and Metsovela) and winemaking industries, including the Katogi vineyard of the Averoff family. A museum named Averoff Gallery is dedicated to Georgios Averoff. Metsovo is also a popular winter vacation destination and a ski resort.

The Metsovo Ski Centre is situated not far from the centre of Metsovo. In the 1980s, a tunnel was under construction and was the longest in Greece. It alleviated traffic and does not use twisting roads. In 2006, the connection with Via Egnatia has made the section of GR-6 (Ioannina - Trikala) into this superhighway and had two interchanges for Metsovo.

Demographics[edit]

Year Community Municipal unit Municipality
1981 2,705 - -
1991 2,917 4,125 -
2001 3,195 4,417 -
2011 2,503 3,469 6,196

Notable people[edit]

Part of a series on
Aromanians
By region or country
Major settlements
Language
History
Related groups

Metsovo is the home of the benefactors Nikolaos Stournaris, Eleni Tositsa, Michail Tositsas and Georgios Averoff, in whose honour the National Technical University of Athens is called Metsovion in Greek. Another notable individual from Metsovo is the former minister and former leader of the New Democracy party Evangelos Averoff.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Detailed census results 2011 (Greek)
  2. ^ H. Karpat, Kemal (1985). Ottoman population, 1830-1914: demographic and social characteristics. p. 146. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  3. ^ Motika, Raoul (1995). Türkische Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte (1071-1920). p. 297. Retrieved 22 September 2011. "Sancaks Yanya (Kazas: Yanya, Aydonat (Paramythia), Filat (Philiates), Meçova (Metsovo), Leskovik (war kurzzeitig Sancak) und Koniçe (Konitsa)" 
  4. ^ Hammond, Nicholas (1976). Migrations and invasions in Greece and adjacent areas. Noyes Press. p. 41. ISBN 0-8155-5047-2. 
  5. ^ Hammond, Nicholas (1976). Migrations and invasions in Greece and adjacent areas. Noyes Press. p. 41. ISBN 0-8155-5047-2. 
  6. ^ The Times, November 1, 1912. Page 8.
  7. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  8. ^ Detailed census results 1991 PDF (39 MB) (Greek) (French)
  9. ^ http://metsovo.gr/site/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=65&Itemid=82