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Mewar (मेवाड़), also called (Udaipur Kingdom) is a region of south-central Rajasthan state in western India. It includes the present-day districts of Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Rajsamand, Udaipur and some parts of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. The region was for centuries a Rajput kingdom that later became a princely state under the British. It was ruled by the Chattari Rajputs of Mori Guhilot Parihar and Sisodia dynasties for over 1,400 years.
It was originally called Medhpaat and Lord Shiva (Ekling Nath) is called The King of Mewar. So Shiva is also called Medhpateshwar (Lord of Medhpaat). Over time, Medhpath became Mewar. The Mewar region it includes lies between the Aravali Range to the northwest, Ajmer to the north, Gujarat and the Vagad region of Rajasthan to the south, the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh state to the southeast and the Hadoti region of Rajasthan to the east.
Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary
The northern part of Mewar is a gently sloping plain, drained by the Bedach and Banas River and its tributaries, which empty northwest into the Chambal River, a tributary of the Yamuna River. The southern part of the region is hilly, and marks the divide between the Banas and its tributaries and the headwaters of the Sabarmati and Mahi rivers and their tributaries, which drain south into the Gulf of Cambay through Gujarat state. The Aravalli Range, which forms the northwestern boundary of the region, is composed mostly of sedimentary rocks, like marble and Kota Stone, which has traditionally been an important construction material.
The region is part of the Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests' ecoregion. Protected areas include the Jaisamand Wildlife Sanctuary, the Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, the Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary and the Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary.
Mewar has a tropical climate. Rainfall averages 660 mm/year, and is generally higher in the southwest and lower in the northeast of the region. Over 90% of the rain typically falls in the period June to September every year, during the southwest monsoon.
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Gahlot Dynasty of Mewar 
Kanak-Sen left Koshala in the 2nd century and settled in Saurashtra. His descendents established themselves and became rulers at Vallabhi. Ages later, Prince Grahaditya also known as Guhil obtained the small kingdom of Idar. His name became the patronymic Grahilot, later corrupted to Gahlot. The Gahlot Dynasty sometimes supported the Pratiharas (the dominant clan in Rajasthan) along with the Chauhans against the Arab invasions of 7th century. Later the wilds of Idar had to be abandoned and the clan settled at Ahar, and the new name Aharya came into use. Around the 12th century the sons of Karan Singh I included Mahup, who established himself at Dungarpur while his younger brother Rahup established himself near Sisodia village. Later the term Sisodia supplanted both Gahlot and Aharya.
Gahlot rulers at Idar 
- The dynasty moved to a new capital city, Nagda.
Gahlot rulers at Nagda 
- "Last King of Mori Dynasty of Malwa, Mun Singh Mori, killed Mahendra II, his brother-in-law, to conquer Mewar."
- "Kalbhoj, son of Mahendra II, returned with allies to recover Mewar from his uncle and established himself at the new capital of Chittor."
Gahlot rulers at Chittor 
||Reign Began C.E.
||Reign Ended C.E.
||Kalbhoj Bappa Rawal
||Bhartribhatt I -| Organized a congregation of all descendants of Kanak Sen, in which 84 States participated. In AD 823 Keshav Dev Sikarwar, the army commander of Rawal Matribhatji of Chittor, along with troops from the Gohils of Pirangarh, Jhalasof Halwad, Chawadas, Chandrawats, Shaktawats, Sikarwars form Sikar, Mangals from Lodwara, Bargujars from Rajurgarh, Bhatejas, Guhilots and the Sisodias from Mewar went on an expansion spree.
||Khuman II is a celebrated name in Mewar, for his fights against Muhammedans from west. Defeated Madud, grndson of Md. Bin Qasim.
||Allat Singh - was "forced by Siyaka II of Paramara dynasty to abandon Chittor and move to Ahar".
Gahlot rulers at Ahar 
- "Kshem Singh was forced to move his capital to Dungarpur due to Muslim Invasions."
Gahlot rulers at Dungarpur 
Gahlot rulers at Nagda 
Gahlot rulers at Chittor 
- "Interregnum - Sanchore Rulers at Chittor under Alauddin Khilji (1303–1326)"
- "Galhot dynasty is replaced by its junior branch, Sisodia, founded by Rahup."
Sisodia Dynasty of Mewar 
Rana Laksha of Sisodia clan with all his 10 sons had rallied in defense of Chittor but in vain. The Sardars decided that it was time to safeguard the royal lineage. There is mention of only two sons of Rana Laksha by name, Ari Singh I and Ajay Singh. Ari Singh I had a son named Hamir Singh I who was taken by his uncle Ajay to Kelwara for safety. After the defeat of Mewar at Chittor by Alauddin Khilji, in which Rana Laksha and his son Ari Singh perished, the people began to rally behind Ajay who pursued a guerrilla campaign until he too died in 1320s. The Sardars now picked Hamir Singh I as head of the Sisodia clan and rightful heir to the throne of Mewar. He married the daughter of Maldeo of Jalore, who now governed Chittor for the Delhi Sultanate. He overthrew his father-in-law and reclaimed his ancestral homeland.
Sisodia Dynasty at Chittor 
Sisodia Dynasty at Udaipur 
Head of Sisodia Dynasty of Udaipur 
Present Ruler 
Maharana Mahandra Singh Mewar - former M.P. from Chittorgarh. His son is Bavjiraj Yuvraj Vishvaraj Singhji Mewar.
The economy of the Mewar region relies primarily on tourism, the marble and stone industry, mining, handicrafts, zinc smelters, cement and tire factories, as well as agriculture. Major crops include maize, groundnut, soybean, wheat, and mustard. Opium is also grown in the adjoining regions of the southeast (Pratapgarh and Nimbahera). Fishery also thrives in the region's various lakes, supported by a government fisheries department.
The Lake Palace, on Lake Pichola, Udaipur in the background
The Jain temple in Ranakpur
- The massive Chittorgarh hilltop fort is one of the main tourist attractions of Mewar. The fort is a depiction of Rajput culture and values. It stands on a 2.4 square kilometre site on an 180 m high hill that rises rapidly from the plains below. The fort was sacked thrice by a stronger enemy. The first sacking occurred in 1303 by Alauddin Khilji. In 1535 Bahadur Shah of Gujarat besieged the fort, causing the women to commit Jauhar. In 1568 Mughal emperor Akbar razed the fort to rubble and once again the history repeated itself. In 1616 Mughal emperor Jehangir restored the fort to the Rajputs, but it was not resettled.
- Udaipur, also known as the city of lakes, is a world famous and a very popular tourist destination with its grand palaces, lakes, temples, gardens and narrow lanes.
- The Lake Palace is a palace inaugurated in 1746, completely made of marble, and situated in the middle of Lake Pichola. In recent years Lake Pichola has experienced drought conditions.
- Jaisamand Lake
- Udaisagar lake
- Fatehsagar lake
- Shilpgram, a village northwest of Udaipur, hosts a crafts fair every year, which is one of the largest in India.
- Eklingji, a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, the ruling deity of Mewar.
- Keshariaji, a temple of Rishabhdev.
- Nathdwara, a temple of Lord Shrinathji, one of the most important pilgrimage sites of India.
- Haldighati, a mountain pass in Rajsamand district that hosted the battle between Rana Pratap Singh and the Mughal emperor Akbar.
- Kumbhalgarh, a 15th-century fortress, built by Rana Kumbha, with 36 kilometres of walls. Over 360 temples are within the fort. It also has a wildlife sanctuary.
- Charbhuja Temple, dedicated to Lord Vishnu.
- Rajsamand, a huge lake near Rajsamand city, from which the city derives its name.
- The Ranakpur village is home to one of the most important Jain temples, which escaped the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb's efforts to destroy Hindu and Jain temples, because it is hidden in a geographically difficult terrain.
See also 
Further reading 
- Mewar through the ages, by D. L. Paliwal. Sahitya Sansthan, Rajasthan Vidyapeeth, 1970
- The Kingdom of Mewar: great struggles and glory of the world's oldest ruling dynasty, by Irmgard Meininger. D.K. Printworld, 2000. ISBN 81-246-0144-5.
- Costumes of the rulers of Mewar: with patterns and construction techniques, by Pushpa Rani Mathur. Abhinav Publications, 1994. ISBN 81-7017-293-4.
External links