|By birth: 69,695
By ancestry: 96,055 (0.3%)
|Regions with significant populations|
|British Columbia||15,950 (0.37%)|
|English, French, Spanish, and a minority of Indigenous Mexican languages.|
|Roman Catholicism, Protestantism and Indigenous beliefs.|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Mexican people, Mestizo, Spanish people, Latin, Native Americans.|
A Mexican Canadian (Spanish: Mexicano-canadiense, French: Mexicaine canadien) is a Canadian citizen of Mexican ancestry or a Mexico-born person who resides in Canada. According to the National Household Survey in 2011, 96,055 Canadians indicated that they were of full or partial Mexican ancestry (0.3% of the country's population). Mexican people are the largest subgroup of Latin American Canadians.
The Mexican ancestry population in Canada is quite small despite Canada's proximity to Mexico and especially when compared to the United States where as of July 2012, there were 34,038,599 Mexican Americans comprising 10.85% of the population (see Mexican American).
Mexican Canadians trace their ancestry to Mexico, a country located in North America, bounded north from the United States; and many different European countries, especially Spain, which was its colonial ruler for over three centuries.
The metropolitan areas with the largest populations of people with Mexican ancestry are: Greater Montreal (15,195; 0.9%), Greater Toronto Area (15,160; 0.3%), Vancouver (10,965; 0.5%), Calgary (4,865; 0.4%), Edmonton (3,630; 0.3%), Ottawa (3,165; 0.3%).
Most Mexican Canadian settlement concentrations are found in metropolitan areas across Canada, with the highest concentrations in Greater Toronto and Quebec and are also present in other provinces of Canada such as British Columbia, Alberta and Manitoba.
There are some Canadians with roots in the United States of America of Mexican-Texan ancestry living in Alberta; thus the so-called Mexican ethnic presence dates back to the first oil industry booms in the 1930s.
While approximately 5,000 Mexicans enter Canada each year as temporary students or contract workers for agriculture, these are not counted as immigrants because of their explicitly temporary legal status. Unlike the United States’ Bracero program, the temporary-worker program in Canada has various mechanisms to discourage workers from overstaying their permits.
|Number of Mexican nationals granted permanent residence in Canada by year|
|Year||Number of Mexican nationals admitted||Total number of permanent residents admitted||Proportion of permanent residents admitted|