Chamber of Deputies (Mexico)
|Chamber of Deputies
Cámara de Diputados
|Type||Lower house of the Congress of Mexico|
|Founded||September 28, 1821|
|Patricia Retamoza Vega
|Last election||July 1, 2012|
|Chamber of Deputies
San Lázaro Legislative Palace
|Official Website of the Chamber of Deputies|
The Chamber of Deputies (in Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of the Congress of the Union, Mexico's bicameral legislature. The structure and responsibilities of both chambers of Congress are defined in Articles 50 to 70 of the current constitution.
The Chamber of Deputies is composed of one federal representative (in Spanish: diputado federal) for every 200,000 citizens. Currently (as of 2006 election) there are 500 deputies.
Of these, 300 "majority deputies" are directly elected by plurality from single-member districts (Federal Electoral Districts). The remaining 200 "party deputies" are assigned through rules of proportional representation. These seats are not tied to districts; rather, they are allocated to parties based on each party's share of the national vote. The 200 party deputies are intended to counterbalance the sectional interests of the district-based representatives. Substitutes are elected at the same time as each deputy.
The Chamber of Deputies is completely replaced every three years since deputies are not permitted to serve consecutive terms. Thus, the Chamber of Deputies is one of the few legislative bodies in the world that is completely renewed at an election. Congressional elections held halfway into the president's six year mandate are known as mid-term elections.
- See Main article: LXII Legislature of the Mexican Congress
|Institutional Revolutionary Party||15,513,478||31.87||49||5,166,531||11.21||163||212||-30|
|National Action Party||12,620,827||25.92||62||12,550,879||27.24||52||114||-28|
|Party of the Democratic Revolution||8,996,089||18.48||44||207678||–||60||104||+41|
|Ecologist Green Party of Mexico||2,963,718||6.08||15||706,695||1.53||14||29||+7|
|New Alliance Party (Mexico)||1,986,538||4.08||10||1,977,185||4.29||0||0||+2|
|Party of the Democratic Revolution–Citizens' Movement–Labor Party||–||–||–||13,088,355||28.41||–|
|Institutional Revolutionary Party–Ecologist Green Party of Mexico||–||–||–||12,533,771||27.20||–|
|Source: PREP (98.79% of polling stations reporting)|
- President of the Chamber of Deputies Directive Board
- Congress of Mexico
- Senate of Mexico
- Politics of Mexico
- Official website (in Spanish)