Mexican Grand Prix

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This article is about the Formula One race. For other uses, see Mexican Grand Prix (disambiguation).
Mexican Grand Prix
Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez
Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez.svg
Race information
Laps 69
Circuit length 4.484 km (2.786 mi)
Race length 309.371 km (192.234 mi)
Number of times held 16
First held 1962
Last held 1992
Most wins (drivers) United Kingdom Jim Clark (3)
Most wins (constructors) United Kingdom Lotus (4)
Last race (1992)
Pole position
Podium
Fastest lap

The Mexican Grand Prix (Gran Premio de Mexico) was a Formula One auto race held at the Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez in Mexico City. It first appeared as a non-championship event in 1962 before being held as a championship event from 1963-1970 and 1986-1992. The Grand Prix is scheduled to return in 2015 at the Mexico City circuit.

History[edit]

Mexico City (1962-1970, 1986-1992)[edit]

1962-1970[edit]

The Mexican Grand Prix was first held on 4 November 1962 at the Magdalena Mixhuca circuit. The circuit was the first international racetrack in Mexico and was built within a park in the center part of capital city of Mexico City. The race provided rare challenges racing at high-altitude (7,000 feet above sea level) and the challenge of the large, 180 degree, lightly banked and fast Peraltada corner that finishes the lap, in addition to being a bumpy racetrack from actively shifting soils beneath the circuit.

The first race, a non-championship affair which attracted a strong international entry, was won by Team Lotus with Jim Clark taking over the car of team mate Trevor Taylor to claim the win; Clark was black-flagged after receiving a push-start at a confused race start. The meeting was marred by the death of young Mexican star Ricardo Rodríguez who as a teenager was already a works Ferrari driver. Despite this, Rodriguez died after injuries received crashing a Rob Walker run Lotus 24 on the Peraltada. The Formula One World Championship arrived the following year with Clark winning again, equalling Juan Manuel Fangio's record of most victories in a single season. 1964 saw the battle for both the drivers and constructor's championships. British drivers Clark, John Surtees and Graham Hill all arrived with a chance, with Hill leading the table; and Ferrari, BRM and Lotus were in contention for the constructors championship. The race started with Clark leading from pole position, with American Dan Gurney, Italian Lorenzo Bandini, Hill, and Surtees. Bandini and Hill were battling, and Bandini then ran into the back of Hill's car, causing him problems. Then, on the very last lap, Clark's engine seized, and Gurney took the lead, with Bandini second and Surtees third. The Ferrari team signaled Bandini to let his teammate Surtees through, which he did, and Surtees finished 2nd behind Gurney and won the championship by 1 point over Hill, and Ferrari won the constructor's championship; Clark finished 5th. 1965 saw American Richie Ginther take victory for Honda, the Japanese company's first Formula One victory. 1967 saw Clark win his third Mexican Grand Prix, the most prolific winner of the race to this day. 1968 once again saw 3 men go into the race with a chance of winning the driver's championship. Hill, his countryman Jackie Stewart and New Zealander and defending world champion Denny Hulme. The race was a straight between Hill and Stewart; the Scotsman leading for several laps until Hill passed him; Hulme was running 3rd, but he had a rear suspension failure and crashed on Lap 11. Swiss Jo Siffert decided to get in on the mix and took the lead, but he had to pit with a broken throttle cable. Stewart then fell back with when his engine started to misfire, his car's handling was going off and the car also had a fuel-feed problem. But Hill had no problems; and took victory and his 2nd driver's championship. The race continued until 1970 when it was dropped from the calendar. An enormous crowd of approximately 200,000 arrived to see Pedro Rodríguez, but officials struggled to control the crowd, and at one point a dog ran across the track and was hit by Stewart.

1986-1992[edit]

American IndyCars arrived for a brief two-year visit in 1980 and 1981, racing as the Grand Prix of Mexico on the Magdalena Mixhuca track now named for Mexico two lost racing heroes, Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez. The event was dominated by Rick Mears. A number of years later, work began on rebuilding the Hermanos Rodríguez circuit with much improved organisation. The circuit's layout was slightly shorter and the circuit was much safer than it had been. The Grand Prix returned in 1986 where the race played host to Austrian Gerhard Berger's first race win in his Benetton B186, in a race where an ill Berger outlasted his opposition as tyre problems struck most of the field. The circuit was still very rough and bumpy, however. 1987 saw the race being run in two parts. It was stopped around mid-distance when Briton Derek Warwick crashed heavily coming out of the Peraltada, and Mansell's Brazilian teammate Nelson Piquet actually won on the road, but because Mansell was 30 seconds ahead when the first race ended, Mansell kept Piquet in visible sight and won the race on time. 1988 saw Frenchman Alain Prost dominate in his dominant McLaren, and Prost's Brazilian teammate Ayrton Senna won the next year; this was at a time when the two men's relationship was at a low point. 1990 saw a stirring drive from Prost (now in a Ferrari). The Frenchman qualified 13th on the grid and drove through the field, and took 2nd from his teammate Mansell late in the race. Senna, who was leading, had a slow puncture that turned into shredded rubber and he went into the pits to have it changed, but the suspension was too badly damaged for the Brazilian to continue. This put Prost and Mansell 1-2 but Senna's teammate Gerhard Berger was challenging Mansell for 2nd; and Berger aggressively passed the Englishman going into the Moises Solana esses. But Mansell was not about to give up- as the Englishman pulled a brave overtaking manoeuvre on the same lap. Going into the Peraltada, Mansell was climbing all over the back of Berger and he passed the Austrian around the outside of the corner. Prost won the race; Mansell and Berger finished 2nd and 3rd. 1991 saw Senna crash heavily at the Peraltada during practice; he was declared fit to race by FIA doctor Sid Watkins; he finished 3rd behind Williams drivers Riccardo Patrese and Mansell.

1992 saw Williams pair Mansell and Patrese dominate the race. Senna had another bad accident, this time at the fast Esses. Although the circuit was popular with drivers, at this point in time the bumps had decayed even further and the decline of Mexico City itself with increasing crowding and pollution problems saw Formula One leave again.

Absence (1993-present)[edit]

2002 saw the revival of the Grand Prix of Mexico for Champ Cars on a much modified version of the Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez circuit which included cutting the peraltada in half. In a six year stay which saw Sébastien Bourdais win half of the six races that followed.

Rumors first surfaced in 2003[1] that the Mexican Grand Prix might return to the Formula One calendar at a new $70 million circuit, dubbed Mantarraya, to be built near Cancún. In 2005, the governor of the Quintana Roo state boldly stated Mexico would have a Grand Prix on the calendar for 2006.[2] The plan was halted, possibly scuttled, later that year as a debate arose about whether the land the circuit was to be built on was properly owned by the right people to do so.[3]

After the 2006 United States Grand Prix, Bernie Ecclestone announced that the Grand Prix of Mexico would return for the 2009 season. The race has not appeared on any calendar since this announcement.

In August 2011, Carlos Slim Domit revealed plans for a revived race.[4] In August 2013, it was suggested by "high level sources" that the Mexican Grand Prix could be on the provisional 2014 World Championship calendar.[5] A preliminary draft calendar for the 2014 season, circulated in early September 2013, assigned 9 November 2014 for the Mexican Grand Prix, but did not specify a circuit and noted that the event was "subject to confirmation".[6] But on December 5, 2013, the FIA released the official 2014 Formula One season calendar, and the Mexican Grand Prix was not on the calendar; then the FIA announced that the Mexican Grand Prix was postponed to 2015 due to lack of sufficient preparation time to upgrade the somewhat run-down Hermanos Rodríguez circuit to Formula 1 working standards. [7] In July of 2014, local Mexico City newspapers reported that Ecclestone had signed a 5-year deal for the Hermanos Rodriguez track to host the Mexican Grand Prix, starting in 2015.[8]

Winners of the Mexican Grand Prix[edit]

Repeat winners (drivers)[edit]

Embolded drivers are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.
A pink background indicates an event which was not part of the Formula One World Championship.

# of wins Driver Years
3 United Kingdom Jim Clark 1962*, 1963, 1967
2 France Alain Prost 1988, 1990
United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 1987, 1992

*Shared win with Trevor Taylor

Repeat winners (constructors)[edit]

Embolded teams are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.
A pink background indicates an event which was not part of the Formula One World Championship.

# of wins Constructor Years won
4 United Kingdom Lotus 1962, 1963, 1967, 1968
3 United Kingdom McLaren 1969, 1988, 1989
United Kingdom Williams 1987, 1991, 1992
2 Italy Ferrari 1970, 1990

By year[edit]

The original Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez (known then as Magdalena Mixhuca), used from 1962-1970

Note: Pink background indicates non-Championship year.

Year Driver Constructor Location Report
1992 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Hermanos Rodriguez Report
1991 Italy Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault Report
1990 France Alain Prost Ferrari Report
1989 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
1988 France Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Report
1987 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Report
1986 Austria Gerhard Berger Benetton-BMW Report
1985
-
1971
Not held
1970 Belgium Jacky Ickx Ferrari Magdalena Mixhuca Report
1969 New Zealand Denny Hulme McLaren-Ford Report
1968 United Kingdom Graham Hill Lotus-Ford Report
1967 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Ford Report
1966 United Kingdom John Surtees Cooper-Maserati Report
1965 United States Richie Ginther Honda Report
1964 United States Dan Gurney Brabham-Climax Report
1963 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Climax Report
1962 United Kingdom Trevor Taylor
United Kingdom Jim Clark
Lotus-Climax Magdalena Mixhuca Report

References[edit]