Mexican football league system

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The Mexican football league system is the national football competition system in Mexico. It is organized by the Mexican Federation of Association Football and consists of four levels - it could be argued that there are five levels.

  1. Liga MX (18 clubs)
  2. Ascenso MX (14 clubs)
  3. Segunda División de México: Liga Premier de Ascenso (31 clubs) and Liga de Nuevos Talentos (29 clubs) 60 clubs
  4. Tercera División de México, 214 clubs (14 groups)

Tier

League(s)/Division(s)

1

Liga MX
18 clubs – 1 relegation

2

Ascenso MX
14 clubs – 1 promotion, *0 relegation (No Regulation in 2014-15 Season)

3

Segunda División de México – Liga Premier de Ascenso
31 clubs (in two groups) – 1 promotion, 1 relegation

Segunda División de México – Liga de Nuevos Talentos
29 clubs (in two groups) – 1 relegation

4

Tercera División de México
211 clubs (in 14 groups) – 2 promotions

Liga MX[edit]

Liga MX, known as the Primera División (First Division) before the 2012–13 season, is the highest level of Mexican football and consists of 18 clubs. Each calendar year is split into two short tournaments, the Apertura (Opening) and the Clausura (Closing). In each short tournament a club plays the other 17 clubs once. The home team switches, depending on the current short tournament.

A new champion is crowned for each short tournament through a playoff system consisting of eight teams. The top eight clubs qualify to the playoffs. The clubs are arranged before each round so that the highest seeded team remaining always plays the lowest seed remaining. The clubs play in a two-legged tie, with one match occurring at each club's home ground, and whichever club has the better aggregate score advances. If the two clubs are tied after both legs in the quarterfinals and semifinals, the higher seed advances automatically. In the finals, if the two clubs are tied after both legs two 15 minute halves of extra time are added. If the clubs are still tied after extra time the champion is determined by kicks from the penalty mark.

One club is relegated to Ascenso MX each year (two short tournaments). To determine the club to be relegated, the ratio of points to games is kept for each team. The club that has the worst points to games ratio over the previous three years (six short tournaments) is relegated to Ascenso MX.

International Competitions[edit]

The champions and runners-up of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments earn a spot in the CONCACAF Champions League. In addition, clubs of Liga MX are inivited to participate in CONMEBOL's club tournament, Copa Libertadores. Between 2005 and 2008, 2 Mexican teams were invited to participate in the Copa Sudamericana. Beginning in Apertura 2014, two Mexican clubs that qualify to the Copa Libertadores are the best eligible teams in Apertura tournament not participating in the CONCACAF Champions League and one Mexican club that qualify to the Copa Libertadores are the champions of SuperCopa MX. Mexico 1 and 2 enter directly to the Second Stage of the Copa Libertadores while Mexico 3 have to play the First Stage.

Women's Football League (Liga Mexicana de Fútbol Femenil)[edit]

Established in 2007, the women's league consists of two levels – the top division Super Liga and the lower division Liga Premier. As of Apertura 2012, there were 19 clubs participating in the Super Liga and 11 clubs in Liga Premier.

Level

League

1

Super Liga
19 clubs

2

Liga Premier
11 clubs

See also[edit]

External links[edit]