Liga MX

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Liga MX
Liga MX.svg
Country Mexico Mexico
Confederation CONCACAF
Founded 17 October 1943
Number of teams 18
Levels on pyramid 1
Relegation to Ascenso MX
Domestic cup(s) Copa MX
SuperCopa MX
International cup(s) CONCACAF Champions League
Copa Libertadores
Current champions Club León (7 Titles)
(Clausura 2014)
Most championships América (11 titles)
Guadalajara (11 titles)
TV partners Televisa[1]
TV Azteca[2]
ESPN Latin America
Fox Sports Latinoamérica
Website LigaMX.net
2014–15 Liga MX season

The Liga MX is the top level of the Mexican football league system. It is currently sponsored by BBVA Bancomer, and thus officially known as Liga Bancomer MX.[3]

From 2012, the league comprised 18 participating clubs. Up to June 2011, the league was divided into three groups competing for league titles. In July 2011, groups were removed in favor of a single-table format. Each season the league holds two tournaments: the Apertura, which starts in the summer; and the Clausura, which starts in the winter.

According to the International Federation of Football History and Statistics, the league is currently ranked 15th worldwide and was ranked as the 10th strongest league in the first decade of the 21st Century (2001–2010).[4][5]

The two most successful clubs are América and Guadalajara with 11 titles each. The current champions are León, who won both the Apertura and Clausura titles in the 2013–14 season.

History[edit]

Amateur era[edit]

Prior to the Liga Mayor, there was no national football league in Mexico, and football competitions were held within relatively small geographical regions. The winners of the Primera Fuerza, a local league consisting of teams near and around Mexican Federal District, was considered the national competition. There were other regional leagues such as the Liga Veracruzana, Liga Occidental of Jalisco and Liga del Bajío that also had notable clubs. Many club owners were not keen on the idea of establishing a professional league, despite paying players under the table. With the increasing demand for football, there was a sense of urgency to unite all the local amateur leagues in Mexico to progress as a football nation. The professional national league was finally established in 1943.[6]

Professional era[edit]

When the Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación (F.M.F.) announced the formation of the nation's first professional league, many clubs petitioned to join. The F.M.F. announced that 10 clubs would form the Liga Mayor (Major League). The first members of the league were founded by six clubs of the Primera Fuerza of Mexico City, two clubs from the Liga Occidental, and two members from the Liga Veracruzana managed by Eduardo Escoto.

Founding members[edit]

Club Asturias in 1927.
Primera Fuerza: América, Asturias, Atlante, Real España, and Marte.
Liga Occidental De Jalisco: Atlas and Guadalajara.
Liga Amateur de Veracruz : Orizaba, Veracruz and Moctezuma.

Reformation[edit]

Throughout the late 1950s and early 1960s, many small clubs faced economic difficulties which were attributed to the lack of international competition by Mexican clubs and an unrewarding league format. Like many South American and European clubs, Mexican clubs that placed high in the league standings could not afford to participate in prestigious international tournaments, such as the Copa Libertadores.

The Mexican league boom[edit]

The 1970 World Cup held in Mexico was the first World Cup televised on a grand scale. The season following the FIFA World Cup, the F.M.F. changed the league format and established a playoff phase to determine the national champion. This was done to regenerate interest and reward teams that placed fairly high in the standings.

The playoff, called in the Liguilla in Mexico, was played in different ways to get finalists to play two games that determine the champion. The regular way was by direct elimination rounds using the top eight teams of the table or, when groups existed, the top two teams of each group (along with the best performing third place teams). During some sessions, the best third placed teams were allowed to play a match against the lowest two second places in a repechaje in a chance to be promoted to the playoffs. This was eliminated as long as the calendar was modified to fit with the international compromises of both teams and Mexican National Team members.

Another way practiced to define finalists was by doing two groups of four teams and making them play round robin games in home/away stadiums so they can complete six games, with the top team in the group advancing to the Finals. This was used for a very short period of time as teams found out they did not have enough fight for three or four games.

The change in the rules affected teams that traditionally dominated the table, as talented teams that had not performed well in the regular season were able to perform successfully in the play-offs (Cruz Azul in the 70s, América in the 80s and Toluca in the 2000s).

Competition format[edit]

Regular season tournaments[edit]

Liga MX is a single table of 18 teams that play two annual tournaments resulting in two champions per season. The season opens with the apertura tournament (opening tournament- running from July to December) followed by the clausura (closing - running from January to May). This format matches other Latin American schedules and correspond with FIFA's world footballing calendar, which "opens" in July/August and "closes" in April/May of the next year. Each team plays a different team each week, accruing points for wins and ties over the 17 week tournament. Based on these points, the top eight teams reach the liguilla phase of the respective tournament where a new champion is crowned.

From 1996 to 2002, the league followed a similar two-tournament schedule called invierno (winter) and verano (summer) but in 2002 to the 2010/2011 season they divided the 18 teams into three groups of six, called group one, group two, and group three. They remained in their respective groups throughout the two tournaments played that season. The qualification phase of the tournament lasted 17 weeks, with all teams playing each other once per tournament in a home and away series over both tournaments. The top two teams from each group and the two best third place teams qualified to reach the liguilla.

La liguilla (the playoffs)[edit]

The liguilla (Spanish for "little league") is the playoff phase of the tournament. This phase starts with eight qualifying teams and is played in the "tie" format in two-leg aggregate-score, similar to the quarterfinals and semifinals of the UEFA Champions League. The first six qualifying teams are the two best clubs from each of the three groups. The best two clubs on the General Classification Table who are not among the top two in their respective group round up the eight qualifiers. The Elimination bracket goes from an 8 team quarterfinal, to a 4 team semifinal, and a final. The Champion team is awarded the First division trophy, and the runner up is awarded a smaller version of the trophy as well. Each player receives a medal respective to their team's placement. The birth of La liguilla in 1970, modernized the league despite the disagreements between the traditionalists and the modernists. Clubs that were near bankruptcy were now better able to compete and generate profits.

Relegation[edit]

At the end of a season, after the Apertura and Clausura tournaments, one team is relegated to the next lower division, Ascenso MX, and one team from that division is promoted and takes the place left open by the relegated team. Currently, the relegated team is determined by computing the points-per-game-played ratio for each team, considering all the games played by the team during the last three seasons (six tournaments). The team with the lowest ratio is relegated. For teams recently promoted, only the games played since their promotion are considered (two or four tournaments). The team promoted from Ascenso MX is the winner of a two-leg match between the champions of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments of that division. If a team becomes the champion in both tournaments, it is automatically promoted.

Sponsorship[edit]

BBVA Bancomer was named the league's official sponsor in 2013.

The league's current sponsor is BBVA Bancomer, thus making the league's official name Liga Bancomer MX. The official match ball is manufactured by Voit.

Media coverage[edit]

In theory, all First Division clubs have the right to sell their own broadcast rights. What this means in practice is that the league is effectively divided between teams broadcast on Televisa, TV Azteca, Fox Sports, ESPN Dos in México, and ESPN Deportes, Telemundo, and Univision in the United States. ESPN also own English broadcast rights in the United States. Televisa and TV Azteca have an agreement in which Televisa will take 10 teams' rights and Azteca 8. In previous years, when a team got relegated, the team that got promoted could only negotiate with the company that had the television rights of the team that got relegated. This agreement was cancelled in 2012 by the Liga MX when the promotion of Club León caused a television rights dispute with Televisa.[7] Currently, Club León matches are broadcast in Mexico by Fox Sports and other online media sites,[8] and in the USA by Telemundo.

Telelatino and Fox Sports World hold broadcasting rights in Canada; Fox Sports is the only network that holds rights to broadcast selected matches in United States and South America. Additionally, Televisa-owned networks Sky Sports and TDN hold exclusive broadcasting rights over selected matches throughout the regular season, although the majority of the most important ones are broadcast live on the national networks.

Most of the Saturday afternoon and evening matches broadcast by Televisa are shown primarily on Galavision, though some Saturday games, those played by Televisa's club America, are played on Televisa's flagship network, Canal de las Estrellas. However, a blackout policy is usually applied; perhaps, some affiliates are forced to air alternate programming during the matches, both Galavision and Azteca 13. Sunday noon and afternoon games broadcast by Televisa are shown on Canal de las Estrellas. All of the games broadcast by TV Azteca on Saturday and Sunday are shown on Azteca 13; Friday's matches however are shown on Azteca 7. Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday (known in Mexico as Fecha Doble) matches picked by the national networks are shown on Canal 5 and Azteca 7 and the rest of the matches air on Sky Sports and TDN.

A recent rule, in effect since 2011, requires teams to play the final game of every season on Sunday during prime time, regardless of whether the team used to play local games in another timeslot, in order to capture more television audience during the game.

Clubs[edit]

The following 18 clubs will compete in Liga MX during the 2014–15 season.

Club First season in
top division
Number of seasons
in top division
First season of
current spell in
top division
Number of seasons
in Liga MX
Top division
titles
América 1943–44 89 1943–44 89 11
Atlas 1943–44 86 1979–80 51 1
Chiapas 2002–03 22 2002–03 22 0
Cruz Azul 1964–65 68 1964–65 68 8
Guadalajara 1943–44 89 1943–44 89 11
León 1944–45 65 2012–13 2 6
Monterrey 1945–46 74 1960–61 72 4
Morelia 1957–58 61 1981–82 50 1
Pachuca 1967–68 40 1998–99 30 5
Puebla 1944–45 69 2007–08 12 6
Querétaro 1990–91 18 2009–10 8 0
Santos 1988–89 42 1988–89 42 4
Tijuana 2011–12 4 2011–12 4 1
Toluca 1953–54 79 1953–54 79 10
UANL 1974–75 55 1997–98 32 3
U. de G. 1974–75 17 2014–15 0 0
UNAM 1962–63 70 1962–63 70 7
Veracruz 1943–44 49 2013–14 1 2

Stadia and locations[edit]

Club Location Stadium Stadium capacity
América Mexico City Azteca 105,000[9]
Atlas Guadalajara, Jalisco Jalisco 56,713[10]
Chiapas Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas Víctor Manuel Reyna 27,500
Cruz Azul Mexico City Azul 35,161
Guadalajara Guadalajara, Jalisco Omnilife 49,850[11]
León León, Guanajuato León 30,000[12]
Monterrey Monterrey, Nuevo León Tecnológico 38,622
Morelia Morelia, Michoacán Morelos 35,000[13]
Pachuca Pachuca, Hidalgo Hidalgo 30,000
Puebla Puebla, Puebla Cuauhtémoc 42,648[14]
Querétaro Querétaro, Querétaro Corregidora 33,277[15]
Santos Torreón, Coahuila Corona 30,000[16]
Tijuana Tijuana, Baja California Caliente 21,000[17]
Toluca Toluca, Estado de México Nemesio Díez 27,000
UANL San Nicolás de los Garza, Nuevo León Universitario 42,000[18]
U. de G. Guadalajara, Jalisco Jalisco 56,713[19]
UNAM Mexico City Olímpico Universitario 52,000[20]
Veracruz Veracruz, Veracruz Luis de la Fuente 26,148

Managers[edit]

The current managers in Liga MX are:

Name Club Appointed
Argentina Mohamed, AntonioAntonio Mohamed Club América 17 December 2013
Mexico Boy, TomásTomás Boy Club Atlas 6 December 2013
Mexico Bueno, SergioSergio Bueno Chiapas F.C. 5 June 2013
Mexico Tena, Luis FernandoLuis Fernando Tena Cruz Azul 11 December 2013
Argentina Bustos, CarlosCarlos Bustos C.D. Guadalajara 12 May 2014
Uruguay Matosas, GustavoGustavo Matosas Club León 20 September 2011
Mexico Barra, CarlosCarlos Barra C.F. Monterrey 16 May 2014
Argentina Comizzo, Ángel DavidÁngel David Comizzo Monarcas Morelia 10 March 2014
Mexico Meza, EnriqueEnrique Meza C.F. Pachuca 3 September 2013
Mexico Sánchez Solá, José LuisJosé Luis Sánchez Solá Puebla F.C. 25 August 2014
Mexico Ambríz, IgnacioIgnacio Ambríz Querétaro F.C. 4 February 2013
Portugal Caixinha, PedroPedro Caixinha Club Santos Laguna 20 November 2012
Venezuela Farías, CésarCésar Farías Club Tijuana 3 December 2013
Paraguay Cardozo, JoséJosé Cardozo Deportivo Toluca F.C. 7 May 2013
Brazil Ferretti, RicardoRicardo Ferretti UANL 20 May 2010
Mexico Sosa, AlfonsoAlfonso Sosa U. de G. 1 December 2011
Mexico Trejo, José LuisJosé Luis Trejo UNAM 4 September 2013
Mexico Ortega, CristóbalCristóbal Ortega Tiburones Rojos de Veracruz 26 May 2014

Amateur Era (1902–1943)[edit]

Season Champion Coach Runner-up
1902-1903 Orizaba Scotland Duncan Macomish Reforma
1903–1904 Mexico Cricket Club France Claude M. Butlin Reforma
1904–1905 Pachuca England Charles Grenfell British Club
1905–1906 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips Mexico Cricket Club
1906–1907 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips British Club
1907–1908 British Club England Percy Clifford Mexico Cricket Club
1908–1909 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips Pachuca
1909–1910 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips Popo Park
1910–1911 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips Pachuca
1911–1912 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips British Club
1912–1913 México FC Mexico Antonio Sierra Reforma
1913–1914 Club España Spain Francisco G. Ubierta Rovers
1914–1915 Club España Spain Francisco G. Ubierta Pachuca
1915–1916 Club España Spain Francisco Arias México FC
1916–1917 Club España Spain Francisco G. Ubierta Pachuca
1917–1918 Pachuca England William Penguely Club España
1918–1919 Club España Spain Francisco Arias Centro Union
1919–1920 Club España (N) Spain Francisco Arias Tigres Mexico
Pachuca (M) England Alfred C. Crowle
1920–1921 Club España (N) Spain Francisco Arias
Germania (M) Germany Richard Obert México FC
1921–1922 Club España Asturias
1922–1923 Asturias Scotland Gerald Brown Germania
1923–1924 Club España Spain Francisco Arias América
1924–1925 América Mexico Rafael Garza Gutiérrez Necaxa
1925–1926 América Mexico Rafael Garza Gutiérrez Asturias
1926–1927 América England Percy Clifford Club España
1927–1928 América England Percy Clifford Asturias
1928–1929 Marte Mexico Servando Vargas Club España
1929–1930 Club España Hungary Emérico Pozsonyi América
1930–1931 No Championship held
1931–1932 Atlante Necaxa
1932–1933 Necaxa Austria Ernesto Pauler Leonés
1933–1934 Club España Asturias
1934–1935 Necaxa Austria Ernesto Pauler Club España
1935–1936 Club España América
1936–1937 Necaxa Hungary Sigfrid Roth Atlante
1937–1938 Necaxa Hungary Sigfrid Roth Asturias
1938–1939 Asturias Euzkadi
1939–1940 Club España Necaxa
1940–1941 Atlante Club España
1941–1942 Club España Atlante
1942–1943 Marte Atlante

(N) - Liga Nacional
(M) - Liga Mexicana

Primera División – league system champions (1943–1970)[edit]

Current Liga MX trophy design
Season Champion Coach Runner-up
1943–1944 Asturias Austria Ernest Pauler Club España
1944–1945 Club España Costa Rica Rodolfo Muñoz Puebla
1945–1946 Veracruz Argentina Enrique Palomini Atlante
1946–1947 Atlante Hungary Luis Grocz León
1947–1948 León Argentina José Maria Casullo Oro
1948–1949 León Argentina José Maria Casullo Atlas
1949–1950 Veracruz Spain Juan Luque de Serrallonga Atlante
1950–1951 Atlas Argentina Eduardo Valdatti Atlante
1951–1952 León Spain Antonio López Herranz Guadalajara
1952–1953 Tampico Madero Spain Joaquín Urquiaga Zacatepec
1953–1954 Marte Mexico Ignacio Trelles Oro
1954–1955 Zacatepec Mexico Ignacio Trelles Guadalajara
1955–1956 León Spain Antonio López Herranz Oro
1956–1957 Guadalajara Uruguay Donaldo Ross Toluca
1957–1958 Zacatepec Mexico Ignacio Trelles Toluca
1958–1959 Guadalajara Hungary Árpád Fekete León
1959–1960 Guadalajara Hungary Árpád Fekete América
1960–1961 Guadalajara Mexico Javier de la Torre Oro
1961–1962 Guadalajara Mexico Javier de la Torre América
1962–1963 Oro Hungary Árpád Fekete Guadalajara
1963–1964 Guadalajara Mexico Javier de la Torre América
1964–1965 Guadalajara Mexico Javier de la Torre Oro
1965–1966 América Uruguay Roberto Scarone Atlas
1966–1967 Toluca Mexico Ignacio Trelles América
1967–1968 Toluca Mexico Ignacio Trelles UNAM
1968–1969 Cruz Azul Mexico Raúl Cárdenas Guadalajara
1969–1970 Guadalajara Mexico Javier de la Torre Cruz Azul
México '70 Cruz Azul Mexico Raúl Cárdenas Guadalajara

Primera División – liguilla system champions (1970–1996)[edit]

Season Champion Coach Runner-up Reg Season most points*
1970–1971 América Mexico José Antonio Roca Toluca América (44 pts)
1971–1972 Cruz Azul Mexico Raúl Cárdenas América Cruz Azul (51 pts)
1972–1973 Cruz Azul Mexico Raúl Cárdenas León Cruz Azul (46 pts)
1973–1974 Cruz Azul Mexico Raúl Cárdenas Atlético Español Cruz Azul (49 pts)
1974–1975 Toluca Uruguay Ricardo de León León León (51 pts)
1975–1976 América Mexico Raúl Cárdenas U. de G. América (53 pts)
1976-1977 UNAM Hungary Jorge Marik U. de G. UNAM (50 pts)**
1977–1978 Tigres UANL Uruguay Carlos Miloc UNAM América (51 pts)
1978–1979 Cruz Azul Mexico Ignacio Trelles UNAM Cruz Azul (51 pts)
1979–1980 Cruz Azul Mexico Ignacio Trelles Tigres UANL América (57 pts)
1980–1981 UNAM Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Bora Milutinović Cruz Azul Tecos (51 pts)
1981–1982 Tigres UANL Uruguay Carlos Miloc Atlante Atlante (53 pts)
1982–1983 Puebla Mexico Manuel Lapuente Guadalajara América (61 pts)
1983–1984 América Chile Carlos Reinoso Guadalajara América (51 pts)
1984–1985 América Argentina Miguel Ángel López UNAM UNAM (55 pts)
PRODE 85 América Argentina Miguel Ángel López Tampico Madero
Mexico 86 Monterrey Mexico Francisco Avilán Tampico Madero
1986–1987 Guadalajara Mexico Alberto Guerra Cruz Azul Guadalajara (55 pts)
1987–1988 América Brazil Jorge Vieira UNAM América (55 pts)
1988–1989 América Brazil Jorge Vieira Cruz Azul Puebla (53 pts)
1989–1990 Puebla Mexico Manuel Lapuente U. de G. América (48 pts)
1990–1991 UNAM Mexico Miguel Mejía Barón América UNAM (55 pts)
1991–1992 León Mexico Víctor Manuel Vucetich Puebla Atlante (50 pts)
1992–1993 Atlante Argentina Ricardo La Volpe Monterrey Necaxa (54 pts)
1993–1994 Tecos Mexico Víctor Manuel Vucetich Santos Laguna Tecos (51 pts)
1994–1995 Necaxa Mexico Manuel Lapuente Cruz Azul Guadalajara (52 pts)
1995–1996 Necaxa Mexico Manuel Lapuente Atlético Celaya Cruz Azul (56 pts)
  • **Decided on goal difference

Primera División – liguilla and short tournament champions (1996–present)[edit]

Season Champion Coach Runner-up Reg Season full year *
Invierno 1996 Santos Laguna Mexico Alfredo Tena Necaxa
Verano 1997 Guadalajara Brazil Ricardo Ferretti Neza Atlante (66 pts)
Invierno 1997 Cruz Azul Mexico Luis Fernando Tena León
Verano 1998 Toluca Mexico Enrique Meza Necaxa Cruz Azul (61 pts)
Invierno 1998 Necaxa Mexico Raúl Arias Guadalajara
Verano 1999 Toluca Mexico Enrique Meza Atlas Toluca (75 pts)
Invierno 1999 Pachuca Mexico Javier Aguirre Cruz Azul
Verano 2000 Toluca Mexico Enrique Meza Santos Laguna Toluca (72 pts)
Invierno 2000 Morelia Mexico Luis Fernando Tena Toluca
Verano 2001 Santos Laguna Mexico Fernando Quirarte Pachuca Cruz Azul (55 pts)
Invierno 2001 Pachuca Mexico Alfredo Tena Tigres UANL
Verano 2002 América Mexico Manuel Lapuente Necaxa Toluca (67 pts)
Apertura 2002 Toluca Argentina Alberto Jorge Morelia
Clausura 2003 Monterrey Argentina Daniel Passarella Morelia Toluca (74 pts)
Apertura 2003 Pachuca Mexico Víctor Manuel Vucetich Tigres UANL
Clausura 2004 UNAM Mexico Hugo Sánchez Guadalajara UNAM (79 pts)
Apertura 2004 UNAM Mexico Hugo Sánchez Monterrey
Clausura 2005 América Mexico Mario Carrillo Tecos Morelia (57 pts)
Apertura 2005 Toluca Argentina Américo Gallego Monterrey
Clausura 2006 Pachuca Mexico José Luis Trejo San Luis Cruz Azul (60 pts)
Apertura 2006 Guadalajara Mexico José Manuel de la Torre Toluca
Clausura 2007 Pachuca Mexico Enrique Meza América Pachuca (65 pts)
Apertura 2007 Atlante Mexico José Guadalupe Cruz UNAM
Clausura 2008 Santos Laguna Mexico Daniel Guzmán Cruz Azul Santos Laguna (69 pts)
Apertura 2008 Toluca Mexico José Manuel de la Torre Cruz Azul
Clausura 2009 UNAM Brazil Ricardo Ferretti Pachuca Toluca (63 pts)
Apertura 2009 Monterrey Mexico Víctor Manuel Vucetich Cruz Azul
Bicentenario 2010 Toluca Mexico José Manuel de la Torre Santos Laguna Monterrey (66 pts)
Apertura 2010 Monterrey Mexico Víctor Manuel Vucetich Santos Laguna
Clausura 2011 UNAM Mexico Guillermo Vázquez Morelia Cruz Azul (65 pts)
Apertura 2011 Tigres UANL Brazil Ricardo Ferretti Santos Laguna
Clausura 2012 Santos Laguna Mexico Benjamín Galindo Monterrey Santos Laguna (63 pts)
Apertura 2012 Tijuana Argentina Antonio Mohamed Toluca
Clausura 2013 América Mexico Miguel Herrera Cruz Azul América (63 pts)
Apertura 2013 León Uruguay Gustavo Matosas América
Clausura 2014 León Uruguay Gustavo Matosas Pachuca Cruz Azul(68 pts)
  • *Not official/recognized title

Titles by club[edit]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning years
América
11
8
1965–66, 1970–71, 1975–76, 1983–84, 1984–85, PRODE 85, 1987–88, 1988–89, Clausura 2005, Clausura 2013
Guadalajara
11
9
1956–57, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1969–70, 1986–87, Verano 1997, Apertura 2006
Toluca
10
6
1966–67, 1967–68, 1974–75, Verano 1998, Verano 1999, Verano 2000, Apertura 2002, Apertura 2005, Apertura 2008, Bicentenario 2010
Cruz Azul
8
10
1968–69, 1970, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1978–79, 1979–80, Invierno 1997
León
7
5
1947–48, 1948–49, 1951–52, 1955–56, 1991–92, Apertura 2013, Clausura 2014
UNAM
7
6
1976–77, 1980–81, 1990–91, Clausura 2004, Apertura 2004, Clausura 2009, Clausura 2011
Pachuca
5
3
Invierno 1999, Invierno 2001, Apertura 2003, Clausura 2006, Clausura 2007
Monterrey
4
4
Mexico 86, Clausura 2003, Apertura 2009, Apertura 2010
Santos Laguna
4
5
Invierno 1996, Verano 2001, Clausura 2008, Clausura 2012
Necaxa
3
3
1994–1995, 1995–1996, Invierno 1998
Tigres UANL
3
3
1977–1978, 1981–1982, Apertura 2011
Atlante
3
4
1946–1947, 1992–1993, Apertura 2007
Veracruz
2
0
1945–1946, 1949–1950
Zacatepec
2
1
1954–1955, 1957–1958
Puebla
2
2
1982–1983, 1989–1990
Tijuana
1
0
Apertura 2012
Marte ††††
1
0
1953–54
Asturias †††
1
0
1943-44
Club España ††††
1
1
1944-45
Tecos ††††
1
1
1993–1994
Tampico Madero ††
1
2
1952–53
Atlas
1
3
1950-51
Morelia
1
3
Invierno 2000
Oro ††
1
5
1962-63
Atlético Español ††††
0
1
Atlético Celaya
0
1
Neza ††
0
1
San Luis
0
1
U. de G.
0
3

† Teams in the Ascenso MX
†† Teams in the Second Division
††† Teams in Amateur Level
†††† Defunct

Promotion and relegation[edit]

Relegation and Promotion by Club

Club Promotions Relegations
Zacatepec 5 (1950–51, 1962–63, 1969–70, 1977–78, 1983–84) 5 (1961–62, 1965–66, 1976–77, 1982–83, 1984–85)
San Luis 4 (1970–71, 1975–76, 2001–02, 2004-05) 3 (1973-1974,1988–89,2002–03)
Querétaro 4 (México 86,1989–90,2005–06,2009–10) 3 (1993–94, 2006–07, 2012–13*)
Pachuca 4 (1966–67, 1991–92, 1995–96, 1997–98) 3 (1972–73, 1992–93, 1996–97)
Irapuato 4 (1953–54, 1984–85, 1999-2000*, 2002–03) 2 (1971–72, 1990–91)
Atlas 3 (1954–55, 1971–72, 1978–79) 3 (1953–54, 1970–71, 1977–78)
Puebla 3 (1969–70,1998–99,2006–07) 2 (1998–99, 2004–05)
Curtidores 2 (1982–83, 1998-99*) 2 (1980–81, 1983–84)
Veracruz 2 (1963–64, 2001–02) 4 (1951–52, 1978–79, 1997–98, 2007–08)
Zamora 2 (1954–55, 1956–57) 2 (1955–56, 1959–60)
Tampico 2 (1964–65, 1972–73) 2 (1966–67, 1974–75)
Atlante 2 (1976–77, 1990–91) 3 (1975–76, 1989–90, 2013–14)
Monterrey 2 (1955–56,1959–60) 1 (1956–57)
Morelia 2 (1956–57, 1980–81) 1 (1967–68)
Tigres UANL 2 (1973–74, 1996–97) 1 (1995–96)
León 2 (1989–90, 2011–12) 2 (1986–87,2001–02)
La Piedad 2 (2000–01, 2012-13*) -
Necaxa 1 (2009–10) 2 (2008–09, 2010–11)
Correcaminos 1 (1986–87) 1 (1994–95)
Indios 1 (2007–08) 1 (2009–10)
Neza 1 (1988–89) 1 (1999–2000)
Tecos 1 (1974–75) 1 (2011–2012)
Tijuana 1 (2010–11) -
U. de G. 1 (2013-12) -
Oro - 1(1979–80)

Notes:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ includes Canal 5, Canal de las Estrellas, Gala TV, SKY México and TDN
  2. ^ includes Azteca 7 and Azteca Trece
  3. ^ (Spanish) "Liga mx patrocinio". cnnexpansion..com. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  4. ^ "The strongest Leagues in the World in the 1st Decade of 21st Century (2001-2010)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  5. ^ "The strongest National League in the World 2012:". IFFHS. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  6. ^ "Historia del futbol en México". Femexfut. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  7. ^ "Carlos Slim And Multi-Ownership In Mexico". businessofsoccer.com. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  8. ^ Fox Sports adquiere los derechos de transmisión del Club Mexicano León F.C.
  9. ^ "Infografias Estadio Azteca". Esmas.com. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  10. ^ "Inmuebla". EstadioJalisco.net. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Ficha Chivas". Terra.com. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  12. ^ "Estadio Club León". clubleon-fc.com. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  13. ^ "Estadio Morelos". fuerzamonarca.com/. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Estadio Cuauhtémoc". puebla-fc.com. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "HISTORIA ESTADIO CORREGIDORA". clubqueretaro.com. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  16. ^ "Stadium Official Website". territoriosantosmodelo.com.mx. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  17. ^ "ESTADIO CALIENTE - XOLOITZCUINTLES TERRITORY". xolosofficial.com. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  18. ^ "Estadio Universitario". tigres.com.mx. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  19. ^ "Inmuebla". EstadioJalisco.net. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  20. ^ "Estadio Olímpico". clubpumasunam.com. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 

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