Mexican general election, 2000

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mexican general election, 2000
Mexico
1994 ←
July 2, 2000
→ 2006

  Vicente Fox WEF 2003 cropped.jpg PRI Party (Mexico).svg Cuauhtemoc Cardenas Solorzano.jpg
Nominee Vicente Fox Francisco Labastida Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas
Party PAN PRI PRD
Home state Guanajuato Sinaloa Mexico City
Popular vote 15,989,636 13,579,718 6,256,780
Percentage 42.52% 36.11% 16.64%

Mexico-States-President-Election-2000.PNG

States won by the presidential candidates (blue for Fox, green for Labastida and yellow for Cárdenas)

President before election

Ernesto Zedillo
PRI

Elected President

Vicente Fox
PAN

A general election was held in Mexico on Sunday, July 2, 2000. Voters went to the polls to elect, on the federal level:

Several local ballots were also held on the same day, most notably:

This a historically significant election that made Fox the first president elected from an opposition party since Francisco I. Madero in 1910 and the first one in 71 years to defeat, with 42 percent of the vote, the then-dominant Institutional Revolutionary Party.

Seal of the Government of Mexico.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Mexico
Foreign relations

Presidential election[edit]

Despite some isolated incidents of irregularities and problems, such as one in the southern state of Campeche which involved the European Union electoral observer Rocco Buttiglione and which could have created problems for President Ernesto Zedillo had the PRI candidate won, there was little evidence that those incidents were centrally coordinated (as opposed to led by local PRI officials) and critics concluded that the irregularities that occurred did not alter the outcome of the presidential vote, which was more definitive than expected. Civic organizations fielded more than 80,000 trained electoral observers, foreign observers were invited to witness the process, and numerous "quick count" operations and exit polls (not all of them independent) validated the official vote tabulation. The largest exit poll was organized by the U.S. firm Penn, Schoen & Berland, financed by a hitherto obscure outfit in Dallas called Democracy Watch (later it emerged that Democracy Watch was essentially set up by Fox campaign insiders to help prevent an expected election fraud).

Numerous electoral reforms implemented since 1989 aided in the opening of the Mexican political system, and since then opposition parties made historic gains in elections at all levels. The chief electoral concerns shifted from outright fraud to campaign fairness issues and, between 1995 and 1996, the political parties negotiated constitutional amendments to address these issues. The legislation implemented included major points of consensus that had been worked out with the opposition parties. Under the new laws, public financing predominated over private contributions to political parties, procedures for auditing parties were tightened, and the authority and independence of the electoral institutions were strengthened. The court system was also given greatly expanded authority to hear civil rights cases on electoral matters brought by individuals or groups. In short, the extensive reform efforts of the 1990s "leveled the playing field" for the parties.

Candidate Party Votes %
Vicente Fox Quesada Alliance for Change 15,989,636 42.52
Francisco Labastida Ochoa Institutional Revolutionary Party 13,579,718 36.11
Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano Alliance for Mexico 6,256,780 16.64
Gilberto Rincón Gallardo Social Democracy 592,381 1.58
Manuel Camacho Solís Party of the Democratic Center 206,589 0.55
Porfirio Muñoz Ledo Authentic Party of the Mexican Revolution 156,896 0.42
Other candidates 30,461 0.1
Invalid/blank votes 788,157
Total 37,601,618 100
Source: Nohlen

Results by state[edit]

Based on the official results of the Federal Electoral Institute

State Fox Labastida Cárdenas Rincón Camacho Muñoz Write-in None
Aguascalientes 202,335 127,134 26,264 9,467 2,202 1,389 83 6,291
Baja California 429,194 319,477 77,340 14,562 3,470 3,080 507 14,965
Baja California Sur 60,834 56,230 45,229 2,107 460 364 17 2,804
Campeche 104,498 106,347 35,090 2,485 1,406 1,247 559 9,309
Chiapas 288,204 469,392 272,182 5,340 4,659 4,063 1,056 44,551
Chihuahua 549,177 460,931 76,810 11,569 4,487 3,166 609 21,350
Coahuila 398,800 311,480 77,393 10,392 2,111 1,880 1,454 12,464
Colima 106,445 81,099 23,313 3,159 1,028 542 39 4,377
Distrito Federal 1,928,035 1,060,227 1,146,131 149,312 36,383 18,843 2,009 75,669
Durango 211,361 222,892 50,592 6,144 1,579 1,469 859 9,294
Guanajuato 1,128,780 517,815 121,489 18,248 10,800 8,473 2,873 49,039
Guerrero 174,962 402,091 332,091 6,179 2,913 3,003 954 20,180
Hidalgo 282,864 355,565 136,861 12,319 5,034 4,078 758 19,997
Jalisco 1,392,535 941,962 163,269 45,494 17,567 11,110 3,287 48,736
México 2,239,750 1,637,714 961,876 121,137 40,733 27,203 3,416 92,743
Michoacán 419,188 441,871 543,804 13,058 7,444 6,404 2,060 30,448
Morelos 290,639 193,861 124,368 12,539 2,916 3,010 136 12,296
Nayarit 107,417 173,479 63,121 3,092 1,175 1,024 351 7,043
Nuevo León 760,093 615,907 96,637 20,448 7,478 2,658 1,519 27,201
Oaxaca 301,195 486,496 282,587 11,074 8,372 7,305 1,851 39,616
Puebla 732,435 698,974 208,688 20,170 8,609 7,849 1,142 44,305
Querétaro 290,977 192,622 39,629 10,585 3,768 8,670 170 13,849
Quintana Roo 132,383 94,202 50,487 2,399 916 729 70 5,216
San Luis Potosí 393,997 324,234 72,599 11,073 3,306 2,287 407 22,673
Sinaloa 230,777 621,329 90,488 7,205 2,189 1,675 1,290 15,920
Sonora 447,496 292,267 114,580 6,426 1,672 1,325 94 13,269
Tabasco 174,840 269,519 213,983 5,817 2,599 1,732 655 14,036
Tamaulipas 521,486 445,737 91,426 9,387 3,210 6,932 1,157 19,659
Tlaxcala 123,880 127,163 82,073 5,185 2,508 1,450 53 6,639
Veracruz 1,066,719 1,008,933 491,791 25,474 11,343 10,956 985 58,630
Yucatán 328,503 321,392 27,214 4,258 1,344 987 602 13,127
Zacatecas 169,837 197,336 117,375 6,277 2,908 1,993 439 12,461
Total 15,989,636 13,579,718 6,256,780 592,381 206,589 156,896 31,461 788,157

Congress of the Union[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party Constituency PR Seats +/-
Votes % Votes %
Alliance for Change 14,208,973 38.1 14,339,963 38.2 60 -17
Institutional Revolutionary Party 13,699,799 36.7 13,755,787 36.7 51 +17
Alliance for Mexico 7,027,944 18.9 7,027,994 18.8 16 -1
Social Democracy 669,725 1.8 676,388 1.8 0 New
Democratic Central Party 521,178 1.4 523,569 1.4 1 New
Authentic Party of the Mexican Revolution 275,051 0.7 276,109 0.7 0 New
Non-registered candidates 31,079 0.1 30,892 0.1 0
Invalid/blank votes 852,106 854,459
Total 37,285,855 100 37,534,641 100 128 0
Source: Nohlen

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Party Constituency PR Seats +/-
Votes % Votes %
Alliance for Change 14,212,476 38.2 14,323,649 38.2 224 +95
Institutional Revolutionary Party 13,720,453 36.9 13,800,306 36.9 207 -31
Alliance for Mexico 6,948,204 18.7 6,990,143 18.7 67 -67
Social Democracy 698,683 1.9 703,532 1.9 0 New
Democratic Central Party 428,577 1.2 430,812 1.2 0 New
Authentic Party of the Mexican Revolution 272,425 0.7 273,615 0.7 0 New
Other parties 30,380 0.1 30,452 0.1 0
Independents - - - - 2 New
Invalid/blank votes 863,262 868,516
Total 37,174,460 100 37,421,025 100 500 0
Source: Nohlen

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p453 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ Nohlen, p475
  3. ^ Nohlen, p470
  4. ^ Nohlen, p455