Mexican pop music
|Stylistic origins||Initially jazz, rock and roll, and R&B; then disco, dance music, and in the 2000s, reggae and hip hop.|
|Cultural origins||United Kingdom, United States, and 1930s Mexico|
|Typical instruments||Electric guitar, Bass guitar, Drum kit, Drum machine, Keyboard, Synthesizer, and, for hip hop-influenced pop, a Turntable|
|Dance-pop - Disco - Manufactured pop - Noise pop - Teen pop|
|Pop Ranchero - Pop rock - Pop rap - Pop punk - Psychedelic pop|
|Pop culture - Boy band - Girl group - Bolero - Ranchera - Mariachi - Corrido - Mexican rock|
Mexico is the country that exports the most entertainment in Spanish language. Mexican pop was limited to Latin America until the mid-1990s, when an interest towards this type of music increased after Luis Miguel's, Selena's, Gloria Trevi's, Thalía's and Paulina Rubio's debuts before the mainstream USA audience.
During the 1960s and 70s most of the pop music produced in Mexico consisted on Spanish-language versions of English-language rock-and-roll hits. Singers and musical groups like Angélica María, Johnny Laboriel, Alberto Vázquez, Enrique Guzmán or Los Teen Tops performed cover versions of songs by Elvis Presley, Paul Anka, Nancy Sinatra and others.
1970s and 1980s
On September 13, 1969, Televisa, a Mexican company and the world's largest Spanish-language television network launched the variety show Siempre en Domingo (Always on Sundays) hosted by Raúl Velasco. Siempre en Domingo became one of the most popular TV shows in Latin America with about 420 million television viewers around the world (according to Televisa and their partners). Siempre en Domingo was a TV show where many artists performed and debuted. At the time, an appearance was a hallmark of success and performers considered an appearance on the program as a guarantee of stardom similar to The Ed Sullivan Show in the United States. Velasco, encouraged many Mexican singers such as Lucía Méndez, Lucero, Emmanuel, Mijares, Gloria Trevi, Timbiriche, and Lorenzo Antonio, and help star many of this careers and more. Moreover, Velasco presented foreign artists such as Julio Iglesias, Raphael, Miguel Bosé, Chayanne and Ricky Martin. Artists that would bring pop music to Latin America help in part by Siempre en Domingo.
During the 1980s songwriters like Guillermo Méndez Guiú, Rafael Pérez Botija or Aureo Baqueiro wrote songs for singers like Yuri, Lucía Méndez and musical groups like Timbiriche, Flans and Fandango. This groups headed the radio charts in Mexico and launched international career by promoting their music in Latin America. Other pop music icons in Mexico during the 1980s include Ana Gabriel, Juan Gabriel, Roberto Carlos, Franco de Vita, Magneto, Juan Luis Guerra, Emmanuel, Ricardo Montaner and Luis Miguel. Although not all of these singers are from Mexico.
The most well-known Mexican singer of the 1970s and 1980s was José José. Known as "El Principe de La Cancion" (The Prince of the Song), he is recognizable for his romantic ballads and gifted vocals. José José has sold over 40 million albums in his career and became a huge influence to very popular singers like: Cristian Castro, Vicente Fernández, Alejandro Fernández, Nelson Ned, Pepe Aguilar, Manuel Mijares, Lupita D'Alessio, and Reyli.
Beginning the 1990s, iconic pop act of the 80's Timbiriche began to lose popularity mainly to the constant change of bandmembers, while Magneto stood stable in the music scene, however, before the teen bubblegum pop explosion in the US during the late 90's, many pop acts came to light during the mid-90's in Mexico and became successful, almost most of them lasting until the end of the decade: this includes boybands Mercurio, Ragazzi, Tierra Cero and Kairo, female singers Fey, Jeans, Lynda and Irán Castillo, and boy/girl groups Onda Vaselina, Kabah, Sentidos Opuestos and the comeback of Timbiriche in 1998. Minor one-hit wonder acts were successful during this era which were also focused on a teen pop formula.
By the Early to Mid 90's, Selena was also starting to become a big name. Selena was a Grammy Award winning Tejano singer, who also sang many varieties of music genres. After bypassing all the Tejano barriors she quickly earned the title "Queen of Tejano Music." Selena became the first Latin artist to 4 number ones in one year back in 1994. The four were Donde Quiera Que Estés, Amor Prohbido, Bidi Bidi Bom Bom and No Me Queda Mas. After her success in Spanish and winning a Grammy Award, Selena decided to work on her very first English album. Unfourtantely, Selena was murdered in March 1995. Selena only recorded 4 songs for her crossover album and was schedule to have 13 songs in English for her album. The crossover album titled Dreaming of You was released in the summer of 1995. It quickly became an International Success. Selena's songs Dreaming of You and I Could Fall In Love quickly became Mainstream hits and the album became among the "Top ten best-selling debuts of all time" along with being the "best-selling debuts for a Latín Female artist" and Selena became the first Latin Artist male or female to have ever debuted at No. 1. This career achievement helped create the latín boom in the late 90's
It was in the late 1990s, Ricky Martin's success in Europe with the hit María and the international launch of 1998 World Cup's theme song. The Cup of Life, launched much more interest for Latin American music started to arise and Mexican pop music started to look attractive for intercontinental markets.
The most successful Mexican singer of the 1990s was Luis Miguel. Best known for his technically skilled and smooth crooning vocals. Luis Miguel super-stardom began since the late 1980s, but in 1991, his career went to even greater heights and earned him the respect of a wider audience with the release of Romance, an album of romantic boleros, most of them from the 1940s and 1950s. Despite singing boleros from years past, Luis Miguel was recognized for reinventing the bolero for modern audiences. The album Romance, which became his most successful material ever, eventually sold 15 million units worldwide. Luis Miguel has performed successfully pop music, bolero, mariachi and romantic ballads. He has won four Latin Grammy Awards, five Grammy Awards, and has sold an estimate of 90 million albums until today. He is known in Latin America and Spain as "El Sol de México" (The Sun of Mexico).
Televisa, had exported media to many countries. This allowed Mexican actors to take advantage of their popularity to launch music careers in countries where Televisa telenovelas were popular. Some examples of these actors are Thalía, Lucía Méndez, Guillermo Capetillo and Verónica Castro. Verónica's son, Cristian Castro, started his career and became popular throughout Latin America.
The most successful singer to combine ranchera, mariachi and pop music was Alejandro Fernández. He originally specialized in traditional, earthy forms of Mexican folk and country music, such as mariachi and ranchera. However, his later work was focused on mainstream pop music.
Singers such as Pepe Aguilar, Paulina Rubio, Gloria Trevi, and Aracely Arámbula have also produced songs that combine traditional Mexican music with popular music. Other Mexican pop singers who have had a considerable success in Mexico and the rest of North America, Latin America, Europe and Asia are Gloria Trevi, Thalía, Fey, Paulina Rubio, and Lucero.
The idea of creating a pop band after a telenovela was first explored in 1991 with the cast of Muñecos de Papel (With Ricky Martin, Angélica Rivera, and former Timbiriche members Sasha Sokol and Erik Rubin). In 1999, the same formula was explored with the telenovela DKDA with Alessandra Rossaldo (then member of Sentidos Opuestos), Patricio Borghetti and Ernesto D'Alessio. This formula would be explored again in 2004 with the creation of the most successful group in Latinamerica RBD.
The century saw new singers Sin Bandera, RBD, Belinda, Julieta Venegas, and Belanova. Performance by Reyli for the song "Amor Del Bueno" Yuridia for the song "Como Yo Nadie Te Ha Amado" the Spanish version of the song "This Ain't a Love Song" also saw great success and Daniela Lujan.
Also Pop Music faces competition from other genres such as Banda, Norteño or Pasito duranguense and even from Puerto Rican Reggaeton. The biggest issue is to face the hard pressure that piracy is giving to Mexican market.
The most profitable and popular artists from Mexico nowadays are: Thalía, Paulina Rubio, Anahí, Luis Miguel, Maná, Fey, Pepe Aguilar, Gloria Trevi, Marco Antonio Solís, Yuridia, Alejandra Guzmán, Yuri and Alejandro Fernández.
List of some Mexican pop singers and groups
- Alejandra Guzmán
- Alejandro Fernández
- Aleks Syntek
- Ana Gabriel
- Cristian Castro
- Daniela Romo
- Edith Márquez
- Gloria Trevi
- Jesse y Joy
- José José
- Julieta Venegas
- Los niños del campo
- Lucía Méndez
- Luis Miguel
- Paulina Rubio
- Rocío Banquells
- "Televisa Brings 2006 FIFA World Cup to Mexico in HD With Snell & Wilcox Kahuna SD/HD Production Switcher". Press release. Snell & Wilcox. 2006-06-27. Retrieved 2007-09-30.