Mexican presidential referendum, 1854
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A referendum on whether Antonio López de Santa Anna should remain President., and if not, who should replace him, was held in Mexico on 1 December 1854. The proposal was approved by 99.07% of voters. On 11 December Santa Anna ordered reprisal measures against those who had voted no. On 2 January 1855 he declared that the country had confirmed his position in office. He was subsequently overthrown on 8 December that year.
Santa Anna took over as President for a year in 1853. On taking office on 20 April, he abolished the 1824 constitution and ruled as a dictator. On 16 December he declared himself President for Life. After the Plan of Ayutla was proclaimed in March 1854, aimed at reinstituting the 1824 constitution, a revolt started. As it spread, the decision was made to hold a referendum.
Should the current President of the Republic continue in the supreme command with the same broad powers as currently exercised?
|Source: Direct Democracy|
The second question was:
If he does not continue with the same broad powers as now vested, who shall immediately command?
- Mexico, 1 December 1854: State President remaining in office Direct Democracy (German)