Mexican immigration to Spain

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Mexico Mexican Spaniards Spain
Mexicanos españoles
Total population
Regions with significant populations
Madrid, Catalonia, Andalusia and Asturias
Mexican Spanish, Spanish, and a minority of Indigenous Mexican Languages.
Predominantly Roman Catholicism,
Protestantism, Atheism, Agnosticism
Related ethnic groups
Mexican people, Mestizo, Indigenous people of Mexico, Spanish people, Latin, Hispanic, Latino, and Chicano.

The Mexicans in Spain comprise people who immigrated from Mexico to Spain and their descendants.

In December 2008, the national statistical institute in Spain recorded a population of 23,587 Mexicans within its territory, composed primarily of students, professionals, qualified spouses of Spanish nationals, and Mexican citizens. The main destinations of the Mexican community, according to INE data, were the regions of Madrid, Catalonia and Andalusia. Of the Mexican migrants living in Spain, 61% are women, mainly from the Mexican states of Jalisco, Nuevo León, Veracruz, Baja California, Hidalgo, Puebla, Querétaro, Sinaloa, Yucatán, Chihuahua and Chiapas. The typical profile of the Mexican immigrant is a middle-aged individual from the upper-middle class, concentrated in Madrid, Barcelona and Seville. There are many examples of graduate students who have built working relationships and emotional ties that lead to them remaining in Spain.


The Moctezuma Palace in Ciudad Rodrigo, Spaniards descendents from Moctezuma II lives here.

The first Spanish-born Mexicans to arrive on their native soil were the children of soldiers in Hernán Cortés army who returned to Seville and Extremadura and the descendants of Aztec royalty which included the titled Duke of Moctezuma de Tultengo and in Granada, the Counts of Miravalle.

At the end of the sixteenth century, after Mariana de Carvajal married Juan de Toledo Toledo Moctezuma, who was a descendant of Juan Cano de Saavedra and Isabel de Moctezuma, daughter of the Aztec emperor Moctezuma II, who built his palace in Cáceres with coats of arms incorporating those of the families of Toledo Carvajal as well as Moctezuma.

Social status[edit]

Mexican migration to Spain differs from that to the United States in many ways.

  • Mexican immigrants represent a small proportion of immigrants in Spain (less than half of one percent.)
  • They have a relatively short history of migration to the Kingdom of Spain, with most arriving since the 1620s.

While approximately 1,000 Mexicans enter Spain each year as temporary students or construction contract workers, they are not counted as immigrants because of their explicitly temporary legal status.

See also[edit]