The Mexicans in Spain comprise people who immigrated from Mexico to Spain and their descendants.
In December 2008, the national statistical institute in Spain recorded a population of 23,587 Mexicans within its territory, composed primarily of students, professionals, qualified spouses of Spanish nationals, and Mexican citizens. The main destinations of the Mexican community, according to INE data, were the regions of Madrid, Catalonia and Andalusia. Of the Mexican migrants living in Spain, 61% are women, mainly from the Mexican states of Jalisco, Nuevo León, Veracruz, Baja California, Hidalgo, Puebla, Querétaro, Sinaloa, Yucatán, Chihuahua and Chiapas. The typical profile of the Mexican immigrant is a middle-aged individual from the upper-middle class, concentrated in Madrid, Barcelona and Seville. There are many examples of graduate students who have built working relationships and emotional ties that lead to them remaining in Spain.
The first Spanish-born Mexicans to arrive on their native soil were the children of soldiers in Hernán Cortés army who returned to Seville and Extremadura and the descendants of Aztec royalty which included the titled Duke of Moctezuma de Tultengo and in Granada, the Counts of Miravalle.
At the end of the sixteenth century, after Mariana de Carvajal married Juan de Toledo Toledo Moctezuma, who was a descendant of Juan Cano de Saavedra and Isabel de Moctezuma, daughter of the Aztec emperor Moctezuma II, who built his palace in Cáceres with coats of arms incorporating those of the families of Toledo Carvajal as well as Moctezuma.