American immigration to Mexico

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United States Mexicans of American descent Mexico
Mexicanos de origen estadounidense
Total population
738.103
0.7% of Mexico's population[1]
Languages
Mexican Spanish, American English
Religion
Roman CatholicismProtestantismMormonism
Related ethnic groups
Americans

American Mexicans are Mexican citizens who are either born in, or descended from migrants from the United States and its territories. This can include people of non-Hispanic European, African American, American Indian, Hispanic (of any race), Asian American, or Pacific Islander backgrounds. Americans are a significant demographic in Mexico. Over 75% of Mexican immigrants are estimated to come from the United States, and Mexico hosts the largest number of US emigrants. Most commonly, American immigrants are children of natural-born Mexicans. When parents are deported to Mexico, children who were born in the United States are claimed by the government of the United States. Mexico once recognized citizens born in the American states of New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, California, and Nevada left over from the U.S. side after the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo to protect their property, farms, and ranches. However, they had to adopt a new nationality and very few descendants had ever decided to regain their Mexican nationality. Many of its members have dual nationality, and among them are entrepreneurs, businessmen, entertainers, religious ministers, academics, and students, among others. They retain customs such as Thanksgiving Day and the Independence Day of the United States celebrated on July 4.[2]

History[edit]

The first American settlement in Mexico was the entry of Americans, mostly of European descent, as traders in California, Nevada, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas, which were formerly under Mexican rule. After the turn of the 19th century until the present, many American settlers, mostly from the Gulf States, entered Mexico to do business. Recent American settlers also include African Americans, and with some Hispanic Americans of other origins (especially Puerto Ricans as they are native-born U.S. citizens), Pacific Islander American, Asian American and Arab. One known Mexican of U.S. ancestry is former president Vicente Fox whose great-grandfather, reportedly of German American ancestry, left Cincinnati for Mexico in the 1860s after the U.S. Civil war.[citation needed] A substantial number of former Confederates fled to Mexico from the defeated Confederate States of America during the Reconstruction era of the United States.[3]

Language[edit]

Most Mexicans of American descent speak English and Spanish, either of which can be that person's first language. The latter is spoken in the Mexican dialect.

Religion[edit]

Most Mexicans of American descent are Christians, either Catholic, Protestant, or Latter-day Saints (also known as "Mormons").

There are at least 1.2 million Mormons in Mexico,[4] however the vast majority of Latter-day Saints in Mexico are ethnic Mexicans. Many Mexican Mormons of American descent reside in the Mormon colonies in Mexico, where some American Mormons settled in the late 19th century. Some of these American Mexicans or their descendants have returned to the United States since, including church leader Marion G. Romney, politician George W. Romney, and chemist Henry Eyring. More recent prominent Mexican Mormons of American descent include Carl B. Pratt, the current president of the LDS Church's Missionary Training Center in Mexico City and a former General Authority of the church.[5] The current president of the LDS Church's Mexico Area, Daniel L. Johnson is also a Mexican of American descent, although his two counselors are both ethnic Mexicans.[6]

There has been a small migration of American Jews into Mexico, and a minority may have Mexican Jewish ancestry descended from the Sephardic population from Spain in the late 16th century.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Los extranjeros en México
  2. ^ Retiring Americans, Go south, old man by The Economist
  3. ^ Confederate Migration to Mexico. jstor. jstor.org.
  4. ^ Mexico LDS newsroom. newsroom.lds.org.
  5. ^ Mexico MTC Opens to Train Hundreds of Missionaries, "Newsroom: News Story", MormonNewsroom.org (LDS Church), June 26, 2013 
  6. ^ Church News, May 15, 2013[full citation needed]