Mexico, New York
|Town of Mexico|
|• Total||46.99 sq mi (121.7 km2)|
|• Land||46.27 sq mi (119.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.72 sq mi (1.9 km2)|
|Elevation||397 ft (121 m)|
|• Density||110/sq mi (43/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||979211|
Mexico is a town in the northeast part of Oswego County, New York, United States. The population was 5,197 at the 2010 census. The town contains a village also named Mexico. NY 104/Main Street passes through the village. NY 69 passes through the town of Mexico and comes to an end in the village, where it intersects with NY 104. US Route 11 also passes through the town.
The town was created in 1792 in the Town of Whitestown while in Herkimer County, New York. The town was re-established in 1796, containing a large part of present Oswego County. Subsequently, the town was reduced to form new towns in both Oswego and Jefferson County.
The school district is known as the Mexico Academy and Central School District (MACS). The sports program's mascot is the Tiger, and the music program's mascot is the Matador. Mexico High School was once called Mexico Academy, a military academy. The district's bus garage is located on State Route 104, next to the middle school. Schools included in the district are:
- Mexico High School
- Mexico Middle School
- Mexico Elementary School
- New Haven Elementary School
- Palermo Elementary School
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 47.0 square miles (121.7 km²), of which, 46.3 square miles (120.0 km²) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km²) of it (1.34%) is water. The northwest part of the town borders Lake Ontario.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,181 people, 1,934 households, and 1,388 families residing in the town. The population density was 111.8 people per square mile (43.2/km²). There were 2,211 housing units at an average density of 47.7 per square mile (18.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.15% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population.
There were 1,934 households out of which 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the town the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $42,773, and the median income for a family was $46,852. Males had a median income of $38,250 versus $22,183 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,498. About 9.0% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in the town
- Arthur – A hamlet northwest of Mexico village. The Arthur Tavern was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.
- Colosse – A hamlet in the southeast part of the town on Route 11. The Red Mill Farm was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991.
- Deweys Corners – A location east of Mexico village.
- Graftons Square – A hamlet on Route 11 south of Maple View.
- Lambs Corners – A location south of Prattham.
- Maple View – A hamlet in the northeast part of the town at the junction of Routes 11 and NY-104.
- Mexico – A village in the west part of the town.
- North Church Corner – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town on Route 3.
- Prattham – A hamlet east of Mexico village or Route 104.
- Red Mill – A hamlet at the east town line, east of Colosse.
- Texas – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town on Route 104B.
- Wellwood – A hamlet on the south town line.