Meycauayan

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Meycauayan
Component city
City of Meycauayan
The Parish Church of St. Francis of Assisi
The Parish Church of St. Francis of Assisi
Official seal of Meycauayan
Seal
Motto: It can be done, in the City of Meycauayan!
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Meycauayan
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Meycauayan
Meycauayan is located in Philippines
Meycauayan
Meycauayan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°44′N 120°57′E / 14.733°N 120.950°E / 14.733; 120.950Coordinates: 14°44′N 120°57′E / 14.733°N 120.950°E / 14.733; 120.950
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Bulacan
District 4th District
Founded October 4, 1578
Cityhood December 10, 2006
Barangays 27
Government[1]
 • Mayor Joan Velasco Alarilla (Liberal)
 • Vice Mayor Rafael "Jojo" S. Manzano, Jr. (Liberal)
Area[2]
 • Total 32.10 km2 (12.39 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 199,154
 • Density 6,200/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 3020
Dialing code 44
Income class 3rd Class; Urban[4]

Meycauayan is a third class, highly urban city in the province of Bulacan, Philippines.[2] The city is located about 19 kilometres (12 mi) north of Manila and about 22 kilometres (14 mi) south of Malolos City, the provincial capital city. It is bounded by the town of Marilao to the north, the cities of Valenzuela to the south and Caloocan (North) to the east, and the town of Obando to the west. It encompasses an aggregate area of 22.1 square kilometres (8.5 sq mi), representing 1.17% of the total land area of the province of Bulacan. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 199,154 inhabitants.[3]

Meycauayan is known for its jewelry and tanning industry. It is also home to several industrial parks, mostly located at Barangays Iba, Camalig and Pantoc.

Geography[edit]

Meycauayan is generally surrounded with plain land and gentle rolling hills. Comfortably above sea level, this terrain is an interweaving of greenery and concrete road network. The slope of the land dips towards a west to north westerly direction. River, natural lake and drainage waterways envelope and criss-cross the area.

Meycauayan a province of its name in its antiquity, Is found between 120° 58’ 20” and the 127° 30’ longitude, with a latitude of 14° 41’ up to the 15°, the majority of the land, can be seen some mountains especially to the south east extension which do not exceed to same eleven leagues to the east or west and some six to the north and south. It is bordered to the east by the province of Nueva Ecija, and the district of Morong; to the South by Manila and her bay; to the West by Manila bay and the province of Pampanga, and to the North by the Province of Pampanga.[5] Today it is bordered by the town of Marilao to the north, Valenzuela to the south, Northern part of Caloocan to the east, and the town of Obando to the west.

Barangays[edit]

Meycauayan is administratively subdivided into 26 urban barangays.[4]

  • Bagbaguin
  • Bahay Pare
  • Bancal
  • Banga
  • Bayugo
  • Caingin
  • Calvario
  • Camalig
  • Hulo
  • Iba
  • Langka
  • Lawa
  • Libtong
  • Liputan
  • Longos
  • Malhacan
  • Pajo
  • Pandayan
  • Pantoc
  • Perez
  • Poblacion
  • St. Francis Gasak
  • Saluysoy
  • Tugatog
  • Ubihan
  • Zamora

History[edit]

The name "Meycauayan" is derived from the Tagalog phrase "may kawayan" ("a place full of bamboo”). The foundation of this town is dated 1578 to 1579, in which epoch they stretched out to the apostolic work of Fray Juan de Plasencia and Fray Diego de Oropesa.[6] Both part of the 1st Franciscan mission that arrived the Philippines on the first day of July, 1577.[7] Meycauayan was formerly the head of the province, and was situated like ½ league more to the east over a small hill.[6] The Church under the patronage of N.S. P. San Francisco de Asis, was at first made of bamboo and nipa, which was ruined by the typhoon in 1588.[8] A request was made to rebuilt the church, and on November 16, 1588, Dr. Santiago de Vera, made justified by such request, instantly dispatch Secretary Gaspar de Azebo to Christoval de Asquera, Mayor of the Province of Meycauayan.[9] By the order of St. Pedro Bautista, it was transferred to a place called Lagolo, by R. P. Fr. Antonio de Nombela, Minister of the town.[6]

As an early Spanish town Meycauayan was also known as Mecabayan.[10] In 1591 its status was Encomienda.[11] “La encomienda de Mecabayan”, which belongs to the minor son of La Rea (Captain Martin de la Rea), has about seven hundred tributes, or two thousand eight hundred persons. It has one Franciscan convent.[12] In the “Relación de las encomiendas existentes en Filipinas el 31 de mayo de 1591,[13] Franciscan-founded encomiendas include: Dilao, Zapa y Pandaca, Mecabayan, Taitay, Pila, Mahaihai, Lumban, Panquil, Millarrit, Minalaua, Ynguinan, Linaguan, Nabua. ... In a report of Philippine encomiendas on June 20, 1591, Meycauayan was included in the encomiendas of the province of Pampanga.[14] “Spanish Governor Gomez Perez Dasmarinas reported to the King of Spain that La Pampanga's encomiendas were Bataan, Betis y Lubao, Macabebe, Candava, Apalit, Calumpit, Malolos, Binto, Guiguinto, Caluya (Balagtas), Bulacan and Mecabayan (Meycauayan). The encomiendas of La Pampanga at that time had eighteen thousand six hundred and eighty whole tributes.”

Lagolo proved inhospitable at the time, so the town center again transferred to what is now known as Barangay Poblacion, where the Parish Church of St. Francis of Assisi still stands.In the year 1668 the church was transferred by R. P. Nicolas Santiago to the place it now occupied.[8] It is made of simple material but strong, With 60 varras long and 12 ½ varras wide.

Meycauayan was then one of the largest municipalities in Bulacan. The towns of San Jose del Monte, Bocaue, Marilao, Valenzuela, Obando, Santa Maria, Balagtas and Pandi were once part of the political jurisdiction of the town. During the Spanish colonization in the Philippines, the Spanish authorities tapped Meycauayan's adobe (volcanic tuff rocks) reserves which were used for building stone houses and fortifications in and out of town. Majority of the adobe rocks that were used in building the walls of Intramuros, Manila's "old walled city", were imported from Meycauayan.

20th and 21st century[edit]

On April 4, 1949, a large fire razed the town, destroying its market center and its centuries-old church. It took years to recover from the destruction, aided by the provincial and national governments as well as by the contributions of its own citizens.

On March 5, 2001, the municipality was declared as a component city by virtue of Republic Act 9021, but its conversion was rejected by the voting people of Meycauayan in a plebiscite.

In 2005, the newly erected City Hall was moved from Barangay Poblacion to a newer structure in Barangay Camalig. The former municipal town hall now houses the Mariano Quinto Alarilla Polytechnic College.

On December 10, 2006, by virtue of Republic Act 9356, voters in Meycauayan ratified the conversion of Meycauayan into a component city of Bulacan through another plebiscite. [2] [3] It became the province's third city, joining San Jose del Monte and Malolos.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Meycauayan City
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 123,982 —    
1995 137,081 +1.90%
2000 163,037 +3.79%
2007 196,569 +2.61%
2010 199,154 +0.48%

Economy[edit]

Meycauayan City is very famous for its jewelry and leather industries. For years, Meycauayan has been the hub of jewelry production in the Philippines and in Asia. It is famous for its very affordable jewelries.

Meycauayan also prides itself on its leather goods. Shoes, bags and every kind of leather product has been traditionally manufactured here. A number of leather tanneries still operate in Meycauayan, which over the years have converted the city into a hub for leather goods.

Meycauayan City is the economic, industrial, commercial, financial and educational centre of southern Bulacan.

Industrial compounds and parks[edit]

Meycauayan is also home to many industrial parks and compounds.

  • Meycauayan Industrial Subd. I, II, III & IV
  • Meridian Industrial Compound
  • Muralla Industrial Park
  • First Valenzuela Industrial Compound
  • Sterling Industrial Park Phase I, II, III & IV

Commercial complex[edit]

  • EMA Town Center
  • SM Savemore Meycauayan
  • Aliw Complex
  • Market Place Arcade
  • Puregold Meycauayan
  • Puregold Jr. Meycauayan
  • Esperanza Mall
  • Maristel
  • IS Pavilion
  • Meycauayan Doctors-(SSS&LTO)
  • Seven Eleven
  • Mercury drug store
  • Ministop (Bancal)
  • Bahay Pare Mini Mart

Issues and controversy[edit]

Mayoralty dispute (1995-2008)[edit]

The succession of the city's administration was put into question by a series of legal cases between two former mayors.[15] Florentino Blanco, town mayor from 1987 to 1992, ran in 1995 but was disqualified by the Supreme Court for vote buying on July 21, 1997. Blanco was replaced by Vice Mayor Eduardo Nolasco in an acting capacity, serving out the remainder of his term.

Blanco ran again in 1998 but lost to Eduardo Alarilla; Blanco attempted to file an election protest against Alarilla but the COMELEC dismissed the case. He attempted to run again in 2004 but later withdrew his candidacy. In 2007, he ran once more but lost to Eduardo Alarilla's wife, Joan Alarilla (Mr. Alarilla has then reached the 3-term limit imposed by law). The former mayor Alarilla then attempted to disqualify Blanco; the COMELEC ruled in favor of Alarilla, but the Supreme Court reversed this decision, stating that Blanco is still eligible to run for public office.

Heirs of Anacleto Nieto vs. Meycauayan, Bulacan[edit]

On December 13, 2007, the Supreme Court of the Philippines ordered Meycauayan, Bulacan to surrender peaceful possession to the Heirs of Anacleto Nieto, and vacate the 3,882 square meters lot, at Poblacion, Meycauayan, TCT No. T-24.055 (M) which it used and even constructed an extension of the public market therein. Meycauayan was also ordered to pay the reasonable value of the property and P 1,716,000.00 as reasonable compensation for the use of the property from 1966 until the filing of the complaint on December 28, 1994.[16]

Meycauayan, part of the World's "Dirty 30" polluted cities in 2007[edit]

In 2007, The City of Meycauayan and the town of Marilao in Bulacan province share a slot in the list of the world’s 30 most polluted places in the developing world drawn up by a private New York-based institute. In its report, “The World’s Worst Polluted Places” for 2007, the Blacksmith Institute said: “Industrial waste is haphazardly dumped into the Meycauayan, Marilao and Obando River system, a source of drinking and agricultural water supplies for the 250,000 people living in and around”[17] the Meycauayan-Marilao area. Meycauayan also shares border with Caloocan City.

Feasts[edit]

Traditional Feasts
Name Date Location
Liputan Festival 2nd Sunday of May Barangay Liputan After a nine-day novena, the fiesta culminates with a colorful fluvial procession in honor of the "Mahal na Señor ng Isla Liputan", an image of the Crucified Christ venerated on the island of Liputan. The image, along with those of the Virgin and St. Joseph, are placed on a kasko, a makeshift bamboo bier constructed on boats and decorated with buntings. The images are then taken to the old church in the center of Meycauayan for a mass.
Feast of St. Francis of Assisi October 4 Barangay Poblacion A celebration held in oldest church in Meycauayan, which commemorates the foundation of the city in 1578 by the Franciscans. Of late, it has come to be known as the "Kawayanan Festival", and includes an animal parade, street dancing and other related cultural activities.

Education[edit]

Meycauayan City has its own division of schools since January 2013. The City Schools Division of Meycauayan has 2 districts, Meycauayan West District and Meycauayan East District.

Public Schools

  • Meycauayan West District
    • Banga Elementary School
    • Bayugo Elementary School
    • Calvario elementary School
    • Liputan Elementary School
    • Longos Elementary School
    • Meycauayan West Central School
    • Tugatog Elementary School
    • Ubihan Elementary School
    • Zamora Elementary School
  • Meycauayan East District
    • Bagbaguin Elementary School
    • Bahay Pare Elementary School
    • Bancal Elementary School
    • Bancal Extension Elementary School
    • Camalig Elementary School
    • Iba Elementary School
    • Langka Elementary School
    • Lawa Elementary School
    • Libtong Elementary School
    • Malhacan Elementary School
    • Pajo Elementary School
    • Pandayan Elementary School
    • Pantoc Elementary School
    • Perez Elementary School
    • Saluysoy Central School

Private Schools

  • Meycauayan College
  • Montessori de Sto. Nino
  • St. Mary's Academy of Sto. Nino
  • St. Mary's College of Meycauayan
  • St. Vincent School of Meycauayan

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: BULACAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Philippine Standard Geographic Code listing for Meycauayan - National Statistical Coordination Board
  5. ^ R.P. Felix de Huerta, Estado de la Provincia de San Gregorio Magno. Imprenta de N. Sanchez, Binondo Manila 1865 p 70.
  6. ^ a b c Huerta p. 71
  7. ^ Fr. Jesus Galindo OFM, Commemorative book, “400 years (1578-1978) Franciscans in the Philippines, , (San Miguel Manila. 1979) P. 13
  8. ^ a b Huerta p. 72
  9. ^ El P. Fr. Juan Francisco de S. Antonio, Chronicas de la Apostolica Provincia de S. Gregorio, Papa. El Magno…. Sampaloc, Extra-muros de la Ciudad de Manila , 1741 P. 317
  10. ^ Paula Kay Byers, Asian American genealogical sourcebook Gale Research, 1995 p. 84
  11. ^ James Alexander Robertson, The Philippine Islands, 1493-1803: explorations, Volume 55 A. H. Clark company, 1909, p. 569
  12. ^ Wenceslao Emilio Retana, Archivo del bibliófilo filipino: recopilación de documentos históricos, científicos, literarios y políticos, y estudios bibliográficos, Volume 4. Impr. de la viuda de M. Minuesa de los Rios, 1898 P. 51
  13. ^ Archivo Ibero-Americano, Franciscans, 1983
  14. ^ James Alexander Robertson, The Philippine Islands, 1493-1803: explorations, Volume 8 A. H. Clark company, 1909, p. 101-104
  15. ^ supremecourt.gov.ph, Blanco v. Comelec and Alarilla, G.R. No. 180164, June 17, 2008
  16. ^ supremecourt.gov.ph, HEIRS OF ANACLETO B. NIETO vs. MUNICIPALITY OF MEYCAUAYAN, BULACAN, 3rd Div., G.R. No. 150654
  17. ^ Inquirer.net, Meycauayan, Marilao in world’s ‘Dirty 30’-- report

External links[edit]