Meyer wavelet

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The Meyer wavelet is an orthogonal wavelet proposed by Yves Meyer. It is infinitely differentiable with infinite support and defined in frequency domain in terms of function  \nu as:

 \Psi ( \omega) := \begin{cases}
\frac {1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \sin\left(\frac {\pi}{2} \nu \left(\frac{3|\omega|}{2\pi} -1\right)\right) e^{j\omega/2} & \text{if } 2 \pi /3<|\omega|< 4 \pi /3, \\
\frac {1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \cos\left(\frac {\pi}{2} \nu \left(\frac{3| \omega|}{4 \pi}-1\right)\right) e^{j \omega/2} & \text{if } 4 \pi /3<| \omega|< 8 \pi /3, \\
0 & \text{otherwise}, \end{cases}

where:

 \nu (x) := \begin{cases}
0 & \text{if } x < 0, \\
x & \text{if } 0< x < 1, \\
1 & \text{if } x > 1. \end{cases}

There are many different ways for defining this auxiliary function, which yields variants of the Meyer wavelet. For instance, another standard implementation adopts

 \nu (x) := \begin{cases}
{x^4}(35-84x+70{x^2}-20{x^3}) & \text{if } 0< x < 1, \\
0 & \text{otherwise}. \end{cases}


Spectrum of the Meyer wavelet.

The Meyer scale function is given by:

 \Phi ( \omega) := \begin{cases}
\frac {1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} & \text{if } | \omega|< 2 \pi /3, \\
\frac {1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \cos\left(\frac {\pi}{2} \nu \left(\frac{3|\omega|} {2\pi}-1\right) \right) e^{j\omega/2} & \text{if } 2\pi/3<|\omega|< 4\pi/3, \\
0 & \text{otherwise}. \end{cases}
Meyer scale function.

In the time-domain, the waveform of the Meyer mother-wavelet has the shape as shown in the following figure:

Meyer wavelet.

References[edit]

  • Meyer (Y.), Ondelettes et Opérateurs, Hermann, 1990.
  • Daubechies, (I.), Ten lectures on wavelets, CBMS-NSF conference series in applied mathematics, SIAM Ed., pp. 117–119, 137, 152, 1992.

External links[edit]