Mezen, Mezensky District, Arkhangelsk Oblast

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Mezen (English)
Мезень (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Мезень.jpg
View of Mezen from the airport
Map of Russia - Arkhangelsk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Arkhangelsk Oblast in Russia
Mezen is located in Arkhangelsk Oblast
Mezen
Mezen
Location of Mezen in Arkhangelsk Oblast
Coordinates: 65°50′N 44°16′E / 65.833°N 44.267°E / 65.833; 44.267Coordinates: 65°50′N 44°16′E / 65.833°N 44.267°E / 65.833; 44.267
Coat of Arms of Mezen (Arkhangelsk oblast) (1780).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Arkhangelsk Oblast[1]
Administrative district Mezensky District[1]
Town of district significance Mezen[1]
Administrative center of Mezensky District,[1] town of district significance of Mezen[1]
Municipal status (as of March 2013)
Municipal district Mezensky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Mezenskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Mezensky Municipal District,[2] Mezenskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 3,575 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1780[5]
Mezen on WikiCommons

Mezen (Russian: Мезе́нь) is a town and the administrative center of Mezensky District in Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Mezen River close to the point where it flows into the White Sea. Population: 3,575 (2010 Census);[3] 3,863 (2002 Census);[6] 4,968 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

The settlement at the location of the present-day Mezen was founded in the 16th century and was known as Okladnikova Sloboda (Окладникова Слобода). It was subsequently developed into the trading center of the Mezen River valley where annual trade fairs were held. Besides the trade, the main occupations of the Mezen inhabitants were fishery and seal hunting. In 1780, Okladnikova Sloboda was merged with the nearby settlement of Kuznetsovskaya Sloboda into the town of Mezen.[5] In 1784, Mezen became the seat of Mezensky Uyezd of Vologda Viceroyalty. In 1796, the territory was transferred to Arkhangelsk Governorate. In 1929, several governorates were merged into Northern Krai. On July 15, 1929, the uyezds were abolished and Mezen became the administrative center of Mezensky District.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Mezen serves as the administrative center of Mezensky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with the village of Semzha, incorporated within Mezensky District as the town of district significance of Mezen.[1] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Mezen, together with the territory of Lampozhensky Selsoviet (which comprises four rural localities) in Mezensky District, are incorporated within Mezensky Municipal District as Mezenskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Restricted access[edit]

The northern part of Mezensky District, including Mezen itself, is included into the border security zone, intended to protect the borders of Russia from unwanted activity. In order to visit Mezen, a permit issued by the local Federal Security Service department is required.[8]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Economic activity in Mezen is currently limited to food industry and mechanical works. The Mezen sawmill and the Mezen sea harbor are both located in Kamenka across the Mezen River.[9]

Transportation[edit]

The Mezen River is navigable; however, there is no passenger navigation in Mezen except for the ferry boat to Kamenka. There is an all-season road to Arkhangelsk (which crosses the Mezen near the village of Kimzha), completed in 2008. During winter, temporary roads (zimniks) are built in snow.

Mezen is served by the Mezen Airport, with several weekly flights to Arkhangelsk.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Mezen is one of the few former uyezd towns which generally preserved the historical center. There are many former merchant houses, mostly made of wood, in the town center.

Mezen hosts the Mezen Regional Museum.[10]

A carved epitaph was found in 1957 on a nameless island in the White Sea, done by brothers Ivan and Ondriyan, fishermen from Mezen, who apparently got to the island after the shipwreck and lost any hope to be found again. The epitaph was featured in Laughter and Grief by the White Sea, a 1987 Soviet traditionally-animated feature film directed by Leonid Nosyrev made at the Soyuzmultfilm studio.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mezen
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −12
(10)
−9
(16)
−3
(27)
1
(34)
8
(46)
15
(59)
18
(64)
15
(59)
10
(50)
2
(36)
−3
(27)
−8
(18)
2
(36)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15
(5)
−12
(10)
−6
(21)
−2
(28)
4
(39)
11
(52)
14
(57)
11
(52)
7
(45)
−6
(21)
−11
(12)
Average low °C (°F) −18
(0)
−15
(5)
−10
(14)
−6
(21)
6
(43)
10
(50)
8
(46)
3
(37)
−1
(30)
−8
(18)
−14
(7)
−3
(27)
Avg. precipitation days 25 22 22 18 18 15 17 19 19 23 26 27 251
Source: Weatherbase[11]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 11 242», в ред. изменения №226/2013 от 1 января 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 11 242, as amended by the Amendment #226/2013 of January 1, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #258-vneoch.-OZ
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 256. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Приказ ФСБ РФ от 2 июня 2006 года N 237 "О пределах пограничной зоны на территории Архангельской области"". Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian) 2006. 
  9. ^ "Экономика:Основные действующие предприятия" (in Russian). Администрация Мезенского района. Retrieved August 13, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Мезенский историко-краеведческий музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved August 15, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Mezen". Retrieved August 21, 2011. 

Sources[edit]