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Mezhrabpom-Film, formerly Mezhrabpom-Rus (Russian: Межрабпомфильм, Межрабпом-Русь), was a German-Russian film studio from 1922-1936. The studio was formed from the joining together in 1922 of Moisei Aleinikov, a Russian producer, and Willi Münzenberg, a German communist. The studio was set up in Moscow, with headquarters in Berlin. After producing around 600 films the "international experiment was brutally ended eleven and fourteen years later by Hitler's and Stalin's regimes.".[1]

Classics of revolutionary cinema, such as Vsevolod Pudovkin's The End of St. Petersburg (Konez Sankt Peterburga 1927), were made by Mezhrabpom-Film. Other significant films made by the studio include Storm over Asia (1928), Boris Barnet's The Girl with the Hat (Devushka s korobkoy 1927), Yakov Protazanov's Aelita (1924), Margarita Barskaya's Torn Shoes (Rvanye Bashmaki 1933), a drama about children set in Germany when the Nazis assumed power, and Aleksandr Andriyevsky's early science-fiction film Lost Sensation (Gibel Senstsii 1935). The Soviet Union's first animated films, and first sound film, Nikolai Ekk's Road to Life (1931), were made by the studio.

1928 ad for the Prometheus production division

Its German branch Prometheus Film, produced some of the "socially committed cinematic art of the late Weimar Republic [Red Dream Factory productions] such as Phil Jutzi's work, Leo Mittler's Beyond the Street (Jenseits der Strasse 1929), Slatan Dudow's Whither Germany (Kuhle Wampe oder Wem gehört die Welt? 1932)."[2]

Berlin's Bertz + Fischer published a book for a Retrospective - a programme of films which were presented at the 2012 Berlin Film Festival - in which German and Russian authors look at the studio and the aesthetics of the films produced there (Günter Agde, Alexander Schwarz (ed.): Die rote Traumfabrik: Meschrabpom-Film und Prometheus (1921–1936). Berlin: Bertz + Fischer 2012).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Berlinale Retrospective 2012 The Red Dream Factory, press release October 24, 2011
  2. ^ Oct 24, 2011 :Berlinale Retrospective 2012 press release