||This article may require copy editing for English idiomatic language, possible machine translation. (February 2014)|
Major landmark: "Honka" club house
|Official name: Pushcha-Vodytsia recreational complex at Mezhyhiria tract|
|Name origin: Saint Transfiguration Monastery|
|Municipality||Novi Petrivtsi village|
|Government||National government property
Coordinates: Mezhyhirya (Ukrainian: Межигір'я, pronounced [mɛʐɪˈɦʲirjɐ] Mežihìr’â) was the former private residence of former President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych in the village of Novi Petrivtsi, Vyshhorod Raion, which he occupied since 2002. On February 23, 2014 the Ukrainian parliament adopted a resolution on transfer of Mezhyhirya (as a recreational complex of Pushcha-Vodytsia) into a state ownership, while being in private possession since 2009. It did returned to state ownership via court on 25 June 2014.
The estate is over 140 ha (350 acres) and is situated on the banks of the Dnieper river (Kiev Reservoir). From 1935 to 2007 Mezhyhirya was a state government residence until it was turned into a private property. In 2012 the State Administration of Affairs rented a space from Tantalit for 99,691 hryvnia per year arranging it for official receptions.
Internet newspaper Ukrayinska Pravda in its journalistic investigation published a number of documents that confirm a link between those organizations-tenants, family members of Yanukovych and his entourage. The 140-hectares Mezhyhirya complex is enclosed by a five meter tall fence with length along the perimeter of 54 km (34 mi). On its territory are located a yacht pier, equestrian club, shooting range, tennis court and many other recreational tourism complexes as well as hunting grounds. Lease of 1 ha (2.5 acres) in Mezhyhirya for Yanukovych costs 314 hryvnia per month (2010) which is about $39.57 according to the exchange rate.
Another, perhaps even more luxurious residence was under construction near Cape Aya in the Crimea at the time of the 2014 Ukrainian Revolution which ousted Yanukovych from his post. The journalists call it "Mezhyhirya №2".
- 1 History
- 2 Former owners (2009 - 2014)
- 3 Featuring objects
- 4 Photo gallery
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Until April 10, 1786 on the territory of the modern residence existed the Savior-Transfiguration Monastery, establishment of which is attributed back prior to the period of princely epoch in Kiev, and which was liquidated by the Russian Imperial edict of Catherine the Great. A year later, the monastery was set on fire, supposedly on the order of the same Catherine the Great. Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko wrote about the incident: "As tsaritsa with Nechesa walked around Kiev and the Mezhyhirya Savior she set on fire at night". At the end of the 19th century the monastery was restored as a female monastery called "Intercession of the Saints", but in 1923 was once again closed by the Bolsheviks. During 1923-1931 the monastery building was used by as a college for ceramic production. Former cells of the monastery became occupied by a commune of artists-monumentalists. In 1931 the college was moved to Kiev. At the same year the iconostasis of the Savior-Transfiguration Monastery was destroyed.
Mezhyhirya is the former summer house of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's leaders since 1935. During the occupation by Nazi Germany, it was a residence of the Reich Commissar Erich Koch in a palace of the Kiev Military District commander Iona Yakir. Before its privatization by the President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych (at that time Prime Minister of Ukraine), the residence belonged to the State recreation complex Pushcha Vodytsia.
Transformation into private property
Stepping into the post of Prime Minister of Ukraine in 2002, Viktor Yanukovych received free of charge building #20 with an area 325 m2 (3,500 sq ft) in the residence from the Fund of State Property. On April 1, 2003 Viktor Yanukovych rented the building #20 and 3 ha (7.4 acres) through the mediation of Donetsk Charity Fund "Revival of Ukraine". By the agreement, the rental price was 3.14 hryvnia per month for a period of 49 years for the purpose "implementation of measures for the promotion of national and international programs aimed at improving the socio-economic status".
The President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych chose it as his residence after he won the 2010 Ukrainian presidential election. Its current ownership is contested. In 2009 Yanukovych claimed to have full ownership. He has since not revealed the price he paid for the property, instead calling it a "very serious price". Serhiy Leshchenko, of Ukrayinska Pravda, has claimed Yanukovych owned more of the estate than he claimed, and that he managed to do so through a complex ownership structure via a network of international holding companies that ultimately comes back to a firm called Tantalit, run by a lawyer close to the Yanukovych family, Pavlo Lytovchenko. The estate's level of luxury and the reconstruction of a road to it has spawned controversy within Ukraine. During the 2014 riots, hundreds of Ukrainians went to visit this luxurious palace and park for free after the President had fled to the East on 23 February 2014.
Former owners (2009 - 2014)
|No.||Legal entity||Area (ha)|
|2||Revival of Ukraine||7.6|
- Tantalit, LLC (Ukrainian: ТОВ "Танталіт")
- Charitable Fund "Revival of Ukraine" (Ukrainian: Благодійний фонд "Відродження України")
- Berkut, State Security Administration (UDO) - security
- State Auto Inspection - road blocks, traffic restrictions
- Ground Forces of Ukraine (In December 2012 on a breakwater in the Kiev Reservoir was deployed an anti-air mobile fire team of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.)
In November 2011 "UkrAeroRukh" granted the territory of Mezhyhirya residence of Viktor Yanukovych status of zone prohibited for flights by aviation.
|Yanukovych shows Mezhyhirya|
Club house (Honka)
The main feature of the residence is the so-called "club house" that also is known as "object Honka" (after the Finnish company Honka). The building is located on the territory that belongs to the charitable fund "Revival of Ukraine".
In 2010 speaking before the German public in Berlin, Viktor Yanukovych actually refuted his words that he has nothing other than his house on the territory of "Mezhyhirya". Speaking that in his personal life he prefers "German quality", he noted: "It's no big secret to anyone... I built one such house, a club house... It was built by "Honka", a Finnish company..."
According to Ukrayinska Pravda, a reception house was designed for Viktor Yanukovych in 2011, based on a barge that was brought to Mezhyhirya and moored in the inner harbor ( ). Officially, it is registered for the company Tantalit. The length of the "palace on the water" is around 50 m (160 ft). Windows are decorated as portholes of round form.
According to information of Ukrayinska Pravda, in the barge is designed personal office and hall for receptions that end with podium. The "palace" is decorated with wood of valuable species, gold leaf, marble and crystal. In niche of the ceiling of the main hall of the barge are located three chandeliers, the price of which was estimated by Ukrayinska Pravda at $97,000.
A journalist of Ukrayinska Pravda found various "ancient treasures of Ukrainian literature" in the residence on 25 February 2014, including the alleged first printed book in Ukraine (dating from 1654) by Ivan Fyodorov.
Honka club house
360° panoramic photos of Mezhyhirya
A group of photographers made a series of 360° panoramic photos outside and inside the buildings in Mezhyhirya on 11 March 2014, available on the website of the German political magazine Der Spiegel.
- (Ukrainian) Янукович заявляет, что он - законный владелец резиденции «Межгорье» Yanukovych said that he - the rightful owner of the residence Mezhyhirya, UNIAN (7 August 2009)
- (Ukrainian) На "Межигір'я" рушила колона автомобілів: активісти хочуть заблокувати президента On the way to the residence of the President of activists stopped by the Berkut, Televiziyna Sluzhba Novyn (1 December 2013)
- Yanukovych’s smooth ride to Mezhyhirya mansion, Kyiv Post (19 August 2010)
- Euromaidan activists depart for Mezhyhirya residence, Interfax-Ukraine (6 December 2013)
Traffic on road towards Mezhyhirya residence blocked off by police – media, Interfax-Ukraine (6 December 2013)
- Leshchenko, S. Life of the state elite: freebie apartment for Viktor Yanukovych. Ukrayinska Pravda. December 29, 2009
- Law of Ukraine. On returning of the government residence "Mezhyhirya" in state ownership. Verkhovna Rada. February 23, 2014
- Court returns land in Mezhyhirya to state, says PGO in Kyiv region, Interfax-Ukraine (25 June 2014)
- Ukraine elections marked by curses, threats and brutality, theguardian.com (26 October 2012)
- Yanukovych will forget way to work? For him was built an office in Mezhyhirya. Ukrayinska Pravda. February 26, 2012
- For office in Mezhyhirya Yanukovych will pay from the Budget 100 thousand per year to its own company. Ukrayinska Pravda. March 2, 2012
- Leshchenko, S. Viktor Yanukovych: We building new country. Within Mezhyhirya. Ukrayinska Pravda. April 7, 2010. Accessed February 15, 2014
- Leshchenko, S. Is Yanukovich going to legalize Mezhyhirya?. Ukrayinska Pravda. July 29, 2010
- Serov, I., Homon, D., Kasianova, I. In Mezhyhirya Yanukovych has a zoo, aerodrome, and orangery. Segodnya. June 7, 2010
- Leshchenko, S. Part II. Ukrayinska Pravda. April 19, 2010
- Leshchenko, S. Yanukovych sheltered in Mezhyhirya... the hunting club of deputies-regionalists. November 26, 2009
- Yanukovych rents Mezhyhirya residence for 3 hryvnia per are. TSN. June 3, 2010
- US Dollar to Ukraine Hryvnia (USD UAH) for 6 June 2010 (06/06/2010). Exchange Rates UK.
- Shevchenko, T Slipyi (Blind). Collection of works in six tomes. Vol.1: Poetry 1837-1847. Kiev, 2003. 297-313; 723-725.
- Vechersky, V. Lost objects of architectural heritage of Ukraine. Kiev: NDITIAM - Holovkyivarkhitektura, 2002. 103-104
- Lysenko, V. Legends and treasures of the Mezhyhirya Abbey. "Collection of regional studies materials". Kiev 2010.
- Ukrayinska Pravda exposes president’s Mezhygirya deal, Kyiv Post (6 May 2009)
- Yanukovych rented in Mezhyhirya private office. Tochka.net. February 27, 2012
- Berkut arrived to defend Yanukovych's Mezhihirya from journalists. ictv. June 6, 2013
- Mezhyhirya. syohodni. TVi.
- For the first time during the years independence near the lighthouse of Vyshhorod appeared military: "Defending Viktor Yanukovych. Do you know such? censor.net. December 5, 2012
- Yanukovych's residence was enclosed by the 6-meter fence and prohibited to fly over it. Mirror Weekly. November 16, 2011
- Leshchenko, S. Secrets of Mezhyhirya. New luxury of Yanukovych. Ukrayinska Pravda. June 8, 2011. Accessed February 15, 2014
- Leshchenko, S. German building of Viktor Yanukovych. Ukrayinska Pravda. August 31, 2010. Accessed February 15, 2014
- Leshchenko, S. Inside of Mezhyhirya. First photos of unheard luxury. Ukrayinska Pravda. April 6, 2012. Accessed February 15, 2014
- (Ukrainian) Yanukovych buried in Mezhyhirya first printed book in Ukraine and not only, Ukrayinska Pravda (25 February 2014)
- "360-Grad-Ansichten: Janukowitschs Gold-Villa" (url) (in German). Der Spiegel-Abo. Retrieved 2014-03-12.(English)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mezhyhirya (residence).|
- Open Access, movie on corruption in modern Ukraine including the episode where the President of Ukraine refuses any explanations about Mezhyhirya.
- Leshchenko, S. Mezhyhirya: Paradise for Yanukovych (Part I, Part II). "Ukrayinska Pravda", 2010
- Mezhyhirya. Day of Journalist (2013). Telekritika.
- Chernovol, T. Six dachas of Yanukovych and three boxes of lies. Levyi bereg. August 31, 2009.