|Regions with significant populations|
|North Mesopotamian Arabic
Syriac, Kurdish & Turkish
|Related ethnic groups|
|other Semitic peoples
The Mhallami, or Mhalmites, (Arabic: محلّمى, Mḥallamī; Syriac: ܡܚܠܡܝ̈ܐ, Mḥallmāye/Mḥallmoye; Turkish: Mıhellemi) are Arabs, who originate from the Arab tribe of Banu Hanifa. Banu Hanifa's homeland was Najd (central Arabia), but they were settled by the Umayyad caliph Marwan II to this region. They are now primarily speakers of North Mesopotamian Arabic (qiltu variant) and Sunni Muslims of Shafi`i madh'hab.
Arab people are living in the modern Turkish province of Mardin since the mid-eight century. After the expansion of the Umayyad caliph Marwan II into north Mesopotamia, many families from the the Arab tribe of Banu Hanifa were especially settled to the region of Mardin. Yaqubi, who lived in that time, wrote in his book Tarikh al-Yaqubi about the resettlement to this region.
Ya'qubi says that a number of Syrian towns and villages were settled by Banu Hanifa or people from al-Yamama. .... It includes Balis, Quasirin, Ruha(Edessa), Harran, Ra`s Kayfa, Sumaysat, Mardin, Sinjar, Raqqa, Qinnasrin and Quarqisiya.
— Fahd Al-Semmari, A History of the Arabian Peninsula
Mhallami of Lebanon
Lebanon had a population of 70,000 to 100,000 Mhallami prior to Lebanese Civil War. Their origin and legal status became a particular concern when they started to seek asylum in Western European countries en masse in early 1980s.
The first Mhallami cultural association of Turkey was founded in February 2008 in Hapsınas (Mercimekli) village of Midyat. Most of Mhallamis in Turkey live in Mardin and their famous place is Yerköy. It is a village that well known by the other name is Binardke. There are also 25 villages like that in the region.
- Organisierte Kriminalität: Schrecklich nette Familien; Spiegel Online (German)
- Die Libanon-Flüchtlinge in Berlin Ralph Ghadban (German)
- Heinrich Freckmann, Jürgen Kalmbach: Staatenlose Kurden aus dem Libanon oder türkische Staatsangehörige? (Ergebnis einer Untersuchung vom 08.–18. März 2001 in Beirut, Mardin und Ankara), Hannover, Hildesheim, 2001; S. 3–4 (German)