Mińsk Mazowiecki

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Mińsk Mazowiecki
Palace of Doria Dernałowicz Family
Palace of Doria Dernałowicz Family
Flag of Mińsk Mazowiecki
Flag
Coat of arms of Mińsk Mazowiecki
Coat of arms
Mińsk Mazowiecki is located in Poland
Mińsk Mazowiecki
Mińsk Mazowiecki
Coordinates: 52°11′N 21°34′E / 52.183°N 21.567°E / 52.183; 21.567
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Masovian
County Mińsk
Gmina Mińsk Mazowiecki (urban gmina)
Established 14th century
Town rights 1421, 29 May
Government
 • Mayor Marcin Tomasz Jakubowski
Area
 • Total 13.12 km2 (5.07 sq mi)
Elevation 147 m (482 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 37,808
 • Density 2,900/km2 (7,500/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 05-300, 301, 303
Area code(s) +48 025
Car plates WM
Website http://www.minsk-maz.pl

Mińsk Mazowiecki [ˈmʲiɲsk mazɔˈvʲɛt͡skʲi] ( ) "Masovian Minsk" is a town in central Poland with 38 181 inhabitants (2008). It is situated in the Masovian Voivodeship (since 1999), previously in Siedlce Voivodeship (1975–1998). It is the capital of Mińsk County.

Name[edit]

The source of the name Mińsk is the River Mienia, whose name in turn derives from mienić, which means 'shine'. The postnominal adjective Mazowiecki shows the historical connection to Mazovia and distinguishes Mińsk Mazowiecki from the Belarusian capital of Minsk.

Location[edit]

Mińsk Mazowiecki is located geographically in South Podlasie, historically in East Mazovia and administratively in East Masovian Voivodeship, the city lies 40 kilometres (25 miles) east from Warsaw's Center.

Timeline of history[edit]

  • 14th century – first mentions of a settlement with commercial function
  • 1421, 29 May – Mińsk was granted town privileges
  • 1422 – first wooden church was built (not preserved)
  • 1549 – a second town Sendomierz, later merged with Mińsk
  • 1629 – the present church opened
  • 1695 – Sendomierz joined to Mińsk
  • 18th century – gradual decline of Mińsk connected with gradual decline of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • 1795–1809 – under Austrian rule as a result of the Third Partition of Poland
  • 1809–1815 – in the Duchy of Warsaw
  • 1815–1916 – in the Congress Poland
  • 1866 – first train arrived in the town on the newly built Warsaw–Terespol Railway
  • 1867 – name of the town changed to Novominsk
  • 1870 – Dernałowicz Family became last owners of city (up to the Second World War)
  • 1886 – first bookstore in east Mazovia
  • 19th – found of famous manufacture
  • 1912 (or 1910) – start of Maria Grochowska's School, today this is Polska Macierz Szkolna's High School
  • 1914 – old church opened after reconstruction
  • 1915 – present hospital opened
  • 1915 to 1918, 11 November – German occupation during World War I
  • 1916 – name's change (Novominsk > Mińsk Mazowiecki)
  • 1920 – briefly occupied by Russians before the Battle of Warsaw during the Polish-Bolshevik War
  • 1920–1939 – great development
    • 1937 – first electric train arrived
  • 1939–1944 – second German occupation (World War II
  • 1944, 30–31 July – soviet liberation
  • 1945, 2–3 march – Soviet killed Mińsk's elite (with Mayor Hipolit Konopka)
  • 1952 – trains manufacture
  • 1957 – military garrison
  • 1979 – new train station
  • 1985 – Solidarity events
  • 1990 – first Mayor elected in free elections (since elections before Second World War): Zbigniew Grzesiak
  • 1999 – Mińsk County established

Jewish history[edit]

Mińsk's stone in Treblinka extermination camp

In 1768 the restrictions on permanent residence for Jewish people in Mińsk had been lifted.[1] From the 19th century to the 1930s it became very popular. Before the Second World War, there were thousands of Jews living in Mińsk and they had a general synagogue and smaller temples.

Soon after the war began, the Germans created the Mińsk Ghetto. It was liquidated on 21 July 1942. Most of the Jews were killed in Treblinka extermination camp sent in Holocaust trains by the thousands. The remaining Jewish population were killed in Mińsk on 10 January 1943 (500 people) and 5 June (the last 150 people). The Polish Home Army managed to kill 2 German officers after the deportations.

Further information: Timeline of Treblinka

Monuments[edit]

Old Church
  • layout of medieval settlement and later city
  • Palace of Doria Dernałowicz Family – built probably in the 17th century (in place of 16th century residence), converted to classicism
    • park
  • Church of the Nativity of The Blessed Virgin Mary – built in the 17th century, converted to neo-baroque in the early 20th century
    • internal furnishing
    • cemetery
  • county hall (former), 19th century, classicism
  • county hall, 19th century
  • post office, 19th century, empire
  • church of Mariavite Church, 1911
  • residential areas, 19th and early 20th century
  • Jewish cemetery
  • some school buildings (early 20th century)

Economy[edit]

Stylowa Hotel and Restaurant

Trade:

Service:

  • 10 banks
  • fast-foods, pubs and restaurants
  • 3 hotels
  • construction indystry
  • car service
  • satellite communication

Industry:

  • ZNTK "Mińsk Mazowiecki" (since 2008 a subsidiary PESA SA) — maintenance and repair of railway rolling stock
  • Fabryka Urządzeń Dźwigowych – production of cranes and other heavy machinery
  • cotton products
  • yachts
  • shoes
  • foil

Population[edit]

Age / Gender Number Total
0–18 male 3,978 7,618
0–18 female 3,640
Men 18–65 12,283
Women 18–60 12,496
Work-age 24,779
Retired men 1,572
Retired women 3,560
Retired-age 5,132
All 37,529
      
Year Number Year Number
16th century
(second half)
3,5-4,000 1660 1,000
1777 456 1827 750
1880 2,940 early 20th 4,771
1910 5,794 1921 10,689
1939 15,103 1945 10,500
1971 24,700 1992 34,000
1995 35,068 2000 35,761
2006 37,529  [citation needed]

Education[edit]

Gymnasium nr 3
  • Józef Majka College of Social Science (catholic)
  • Stanisław Staszic Lifelong Learning Center
  • University of Third Age
  • Polska Macierz Szkolna Gymnasium and High School
  • Salesian Elementary, Gymnasium and High School (catholic)
  • Kazimierz Wielki Professional High School
  • Powstańcy Warszawy Professional High School
  • High School of Economy
  • Maria Skłodowska-Curie High School
  • 3 public gymnasiums
  • 4 public elementary schools
  • over 10 preschools (6 public)
  • special school (for kids with problems)
  • clinic of psychological and pedagogical help

Bureaus[edit]

  • regional bureau of Environmental Protection Inspection
  • point of conscription
  • above forester bureau (Nadleśnictwo Mińsk)
  • county, city and commune bureaus

Safety[edit]

  • Police Departament of Mińsk County – 2 building in Mińsk, dozens of cars (including sport cars and off-road cars)
  • Fire Departament of Mińsk County – quite new fire engines (well equipped after big fire in industry area a few years ago)
  • Public Hospital of Mińsk County

Culture and sports[edit]

School of Art

Culture:

  • House of Culture
  • School of Art
  • 2 libraries
  • 2 museums
  • cinema
  • magazines (2 public and 3 commercial are published in Mińsk)

Sport:

  • Miejski Ośrodek Sportu i Rekreacji (public sport and recreation departament)
    • 2 stadiums
    • ice rink
    • other
  • Mazovia-ZNTK
    • football team in local amateur league
    • other sports
  • other clubs

Religions[edit]

Modern Big Church

Public transport[edit]

  • Train station
    • regular service (39 trains in one way daily) to Warsaw
    • direct connections with many cities in Poland, and with Moscow
  • 2 regular bus services to Warsaw

Lands[edit]

Overall: 13.12 square kilometres (5.07 sq mi)

  • residential: 30%
  • industrial: 6%
  • communication (roads, railroads etc.): 15%
  • agricultural: 29%
  • park: 5%
  • other: 15%

Historical parts of city[edit]

Mińsk Mazowiecki OiDM.svg
Anielina

Cities:

  • Mińsk – old town
  • Sendomierz (found 1549, joined 1695)

Estates built as part of Mińsk:

  • Nowe Miasto – Miasto Ogród – New Town – Garden Town (found 1936)
  • concrete estates built in socialist realism (about 1945–1990) without names
  • modern estates without names

Villages:

  • over railroad part of city (all existed in 1839 and earlier)
    • Kędzierak (joined partly in 1954 and fully in 1984)
    • Stankowizna (joined in 19th or 20th century)
    • Anielina (joined in similar time as Kędzierak)
  • other
    • Górki (joined in the 18th century)
    • Goździk (joined during First War War)
    • Kolonia Stasinów (joined in 1936)
    • Pohulanka (joined partly in 1936)
    • Sewerynów (joined in similar time as Kędzierak)

Military[edit]

  • military police
  • airport with MIG-29 aircraft

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Mińsk Mazowiecki is twinned with:

Twin cities[edit]

People[edit]

References[edit]

Books[edit]

  • 585 lat Mińska Mazowieckiego, red. Janusz Kuligowski, Mińsk Mazowiecki, 2006, ISBN 8390693674

Coordinates: 52°11′N 21°34′E / 52.183°N 21.567°E / 52.183; 21.567