Międzyrzecze Dolne

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Międzyrzecze Dolne
Village
Coat of arms of Międzyrzecze Dolne
Coat of arms
Międzyrzecze Dolne is located in Poland
Międzyrzecze Dolne
Międzyrzecze Dolne
Coordinates: 49°51′43.93″N 18°57′20.93″E / 49.8622028°N 18.9558139°E / 49.8622028; 18.9558139
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County Bielsko
Gmina Jasienica
Government
 • Mayor Maria Iskrzycka
Area 7.8 km2 (3.0 sq mi)
Population (2009) 1,061
 • Density 140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Car plates SBI

Międzyrzecze Dolne [mjɛnd͡zɨˈʐɛt͡ʂɛ ˈdɔlnɛ] (German: Nieder Kurzwald) is a village in Gmina Jasienica, Bielsko County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland. It has a population of 1,061 (2009) and lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.

History[edit]

The village of Międzyrzecze was first mentioned in a Latin document of Diocese of Wrocław called Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis from around 1305 as item in Mesisrozha debent esse XL mansi solubiles.[1][2][3] It meant that the village was supposed to pay tithe from 40 greater lans. The creation of the village was a part of a larger settlement campaign taking place in late 13th century on the territory of what will be later known as Upper Silesia.

Politically the village belonged initially to the Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290 in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and was ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy.

In the second quarter of 15th century a number of Germans settled here and formed a settlement called Konradiswalde (Konrad's wood), which later was known as Kurzwald, and eventually as Międzyrzecze Górne.[4] In contrary an older part of former Międzyrzecze was called Międzyrzecze Dolne.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 297-299. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  2. ^ Schulte, Wilhelm (1889). Codex Diplomaticus Silesiae T.14 Liber Fundationis Episcopatus Vratislaviensis (in German). Breslau. 
  3. ^ "Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis" (in Latin). Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  4. ^ J. Polak, 2011, p. 8

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 49°51′43.93″N 18°57′20.93″E / 49.8622028°N 18.9558139°E / 49.8622028; 18.9558139