Mil Mi-17

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Mi-17 / Mi-8M
Afghan MI-17 helicopters.jpg
Afghan Mil Mi-17s in April 2007.
Role Transport helicopter
National origin Soviet Union
Design group Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant
Built by Kazan Helicopter Plant
First flight 1975
Introduction 1977 (Mi-8MT), 1981 (Mi-17)
Status In service
Primary users Russia
ca. 60 other countries
Produced 1977–present
Number built about 12,000[1]
Unit cost
Prices vary based on specifications (military and civilian prices differ)
Developed from Mil Mi-8

The Mil Mi-17 (also known as the Mi-8M series in Russian service, NATO reporting name "Hip") is a Russian helicopter in production at two factories in Kazan and Ulan-Ude. It is a medium twin-turbine transport helicopter. There are also armed gunship versions.

Development[edit]

Developed from the basic Mi-8 airframe, the Mi-17 was fitted with the larger TV3-117MT engines, rotors, and transmission developed for the Mi-14, along with fuselage improvements for heavier loads. Optional engines for 'hot and high' conditions are the 1545 kW (2070 shp) Isotov TV3-117VM. Recent exports to China and Venezuela for use in high mountains have the new VK-2500 version of the engine with FADEC control.

The designation Mi-17 is for export; Russian armed forces call it Mi-8MT. The Mi-17 can be recognized because it has the tail rotor on the port side instead of the starboard side, and dust shields in front of the engine intakes. Engine cowls are shorter than on the TV2-powered Mi-8, not extending as far over the cockpit, and an opening for a bleed air valve outlet is present forward of the exhaust.

Two Egyptian Mi-17 helicopters after unloading troops during an exercise in October 2001.

Actual model numbers vary by builder, engine type, and other options. As an example, the sixteen new Ulan-Ude-built machines delivered to the Czech Air Force in 2005 with –VM model engines were designated as Mi-171Sh, a development of the Mi-8AMTSh. Modifications include a new large door on the right side, improved Czech-built APU, Kevlar armor plates around the cockpit area and engines. Eight have a loading ramp in place of the usual clamshell doors, and will load a vehicle up to the size of an SUV.

In May 2008 licensed production of the Mi-17 started in China, with production being led by Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant JSC and the Sichuan Lantian Helicopter Company Limited in Chengdu, Sichuan province. The plant built 20 helicopters in 2008, using Russian Ulan-Ude-supplied kits; production is expected to reach 80 helicopters per year eventually. The variants to be built by Lantian will include Mi-171, Mi-17V5, and Mi-17V7.[2]

Operational history[edit]

Service usage[edit]

Macedonian Air Force Mi-17 performing a very tight low-level right turn

Mi-17s were used during the Cambodian government's 1996 dry season offensive, five of them being converted to helicopter gunships equipped with 57mm rocket pods and providing air support for ground forces attacking the Khmer Rouge stronghold of Pailin.

In May 1999, during Operation Safed Sagar, the Mi-17 was used in the first air phase of the Kargil War by 129HU of the Indian Air Force against Pakistani regular and Pakistan-backed militant forces. One Mi-17 was lost in combat to shoulder-fired missiles. Mi-17s were withdrawn and attacks by fixed-wing aircraft began.[3]

The Mi-17 was used extensively by the Sri Lanka Air Force in the Sri Lankan Civil War. Seven of them were lost in combat and attacks on airports.[3]

The Mi-17 was used by the Colombian Army in Operation Jaque.

In 2001, the Macedonian Air Force used the Mi-17 against Albanian insurgents.

Croatian Mil Mi-17

The Mi-17 is also used by search and rescue teams such as the Malaysian Fire and Rescue Department.

Executive Outcomes used them extensively in its operations in the Angolan Civil War.[citation needed]

The Mi-17 is used as a commercial passenger aircraft by Air Koryo, national airline of North Korea. Previous flights include those between Pyongyang and Kaesong and Pyongyang and Haeju.

The Mexican Navy utilizes its Mi-17s for anti-narcotic operations such as locating marijuana fields and dispatching marines to eradicate the plantations.[4]

The Slovak Air Force and Croatian Air Force operate Mi-17s in Kosovo as part of KFOR.

Both the pro-Gaddafi and anti-Gaddafi forces in the 2011 Libyan civil war have operated Mi-17s.

Afghan National Army Mi-17 showing the clamshell cargo door arrangement

Mi-17s are operated by the Afghan Air Force. In July 2010 two Mi-17 were flown by a mixed crew of United States Air Force and Afghan Air Force personnel in a 13-hour mission that rescued 2,080 civilians from flood waters. This was the largest rescue by two helicopters in USAF history. USAF pilot Lt Col Gregory Roberts received the Distinguished Flying Cross for the mission.[5]

Recent orders[edit]

On 28 October 2008 the Royal Thai Army announced a deal to buy six Mi-17s to meet its requirement for a medium-lift helicopter. This is the first time the Thai armed forces have acquired Russian aircraft instead of American aircraft.[6] Flight International quotes the Thai Army’s rationale: "We are buying three Mi-17 helicopters for the price of one Black Hawk. The Mi-17 can also carry more than 30 troops, while the Black Hawk could carry only 13 soldiers. These were the key factors behind the decision."[7]

On 15 December 2008, it was reported that India ordered 80 Mi-17V-5 helicopters worth $1.375 billion, which would be delivered to the Indian Air Force between 2011 and 2014 to replace aging Mi-8s.[8] In August 2010, it was reported that India planned to order another 59 Mi-17s.[9] The first Mi-17V-5s entered service with India in February 2012.[10] In December 2012, India signed a contract for 71 aircraft at a reported cost of US$1.3 billion.[11]

Croatian Mi-171Sh with a ramp cargo door

On 11 June 2009, it was announced that the United States had handed over four Mi-17 cargo helicopters to the Pakistan Army to facilitate its counter-terrorism operations. This followed an urgent request for helicopters by Pakistan's Chief of Army Staff General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani in a leaked US embassy cable published on Wikileaks.[12]

On 10 July 2009, it was announced that Chile would pursue talks with Russia to purchase five Mi-17 multi-role helicopters for the Chilean Air Force, despite pressure from the United States.[13] However, as of January 2013, it seems that these plans were canceled.

On 16 September 2009, the United States Navy delivered the last two of four Mi-17s to the Afghan National Army Air Corps.[14] On 19 June 2010, it was announced that the US government would buy and refurbish 31 more Mi-17 helicopters from Russia to supply the Afghan Army.[15]

The US was reportedly considering adding the helicopter to the US military for Special Forces use in order to obscure troop movements.[16] The US has used some Mi-8s and Mi-17s for training,[17] and has purchased units for allies in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan.[16]

In August 2010 a contract was signed by the Argentine Air Force for two Mi-17Es, plus an option on another three, to support Antarctic bases.[18][19]

In September 2010, the Polish Defense Minister announced that his country would buy five new Mi-17s from Russia, to support Polish operations in Afghanistan. All five Mi-17-1Vs were delivered by 2011.[20]

In 2010, the Kenyan Air Force purchased three Mi-171 medium-lift helicopters to supplement its fleet of IAR 330 Pumas, which have been flying for more than 20 years.

In 2011, Chief of Staff of the Afghan National Army Abdul Wahab Wardak announced that the US government will buy Mi-17s for use by Afghanistan's troops. He explained the choice of the Russian helicopter over the American Chinook was due to the familiarity of the Afghan technical and pilot staff with the helicopter type and that it is better suited for Afghanistan's environment.[21] The United States continued to purchase the helicopters for Afghanistan in 2013, despite a congressional prohibition.[22][dead link] Overall, 63 Mi-17s were acquired through the 2011 contract at a cost of US$16.4 to US$18.4 million each, or US$4 to US$6 million more each than a refurbished American Chinook.[23]

China signed two contracts with Rosobornexport in 2009 and 2012 for 32 and 52 Mi-171E respectively.[24]

Variants[edit]

Mi-17 of the 107th Helicopter Unit, Indian Air Force
Mexican Navy Mi-17 with RDR-1500B Radar and FLIR Star SAFIRE II
Mi-17 in Gulistan district, Farah province, Afghanistan
Mi-171Sh
Egyptian Air Force Mi-17 flies over Range A as the Combined Live fire Exercise (CALFEX) is conducted near Mubarak
A Mexican Navy Mi-17 aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Bataan (LHD-5).
A Mi-171E helicopter of the Iraqi Army Aviation Command.
Mi-8AMT
Slightly modified version of Kazan's Mi-8MTV, built in Ulan-Ude from 1991 and still powered by TV3-117VM engines although nowadays VK-2500 engines are optional. Also known as Mi-171.
Mi-8AMTSh
Armed assault version of the Mi-8AMT, can carry the same range of weapons as the Mi-24 including the "Shturm" ATGM. Fitted with a new large door on the right side (except the prototype), aramid fiber plates around the cockpit area and engines, and sometimes a loading ramp in place of the usual clamshell doors. The Russian air force received a first batch of 10 Mi-8AMTSh (without guided weapons package) in December 2010,[25] and a second batch in June 2011.[26]
Mi-8MT
Basic updated version of the Mi-8T, powered by two 1,397 kW (1,874 hp) Klimov TV3-117MT turboshaft engines. Provision for twin or triple external stores racks.[27] The export version is known as Mi-17.
Mi-8MTV
Hot and High version, powered by two Klimov TV3-117VM high-altitude turboshaft engines.[28] This type has a maximum ceiling of 6,000 m.[29]
Mi-8MTV-1
Radar-equipped civil version of the Mi-8MTV. Russian designation of the Mi-17-1V.
Mi-8MTV-2
Improved version of the MTV-1 with enhanced armour, updated systems, an anti-torque rotor and accommodation for 30 instead of 24 troops.
Mi-8MTV-3
Military version of the Mi-8MTV-2, fitted with four instead of six hardpoints, but the number of possible external stores combinations was increased from 8 to 24.
Mi-8MTV-5
Military utility transport helicopter, powered by two Klimov TV3-117VM turboshaft engines and equipped with a loading ramp instead of the clam-shell doors, an additional door and a new "dolphin nose".
Mi-8MTV-5-Ga
Civilian version of the Mi-8MTV-5.
Mi-8MTKO
Night attack conversion of the Mi-8MT and Mi-8MTV helicopters. Known in Belarus as Mi-8MTKO1.
Mi-8MTD
Electronic warfare version of the Mi-8MT.
Mi-8MTF
Smoke-screen laying version.
Mi-8MTG
Electronic warfare version of the Mi-8MT with "Gardenya-1FVE" single H/I-band jamming system. Export designation Mi-17PG.
Mi-8MTI (NATO Hip-H EW5)
Electronic warfare version of the Mi-8MT with "Ikebana" single D-band jamming system. Also known as Mi-13, export designation Mi-17PI.
Mi-8MTPB (NATO Hip-H EW3)
Electronic warfare version of the Mi-8MT with "Bizon" jamming system. Export designation Mi-17PP.
Mi-8MTPSh
Electronic warfare version of the Mi-8MT with "Shakhta" jamming system. Export designation Mi-17PSh.
Mi-8MTS
Sigint version of the Mi-8MT.
Mi-8MTR1
Electronic warfare version of the Mi-8MT.
Mi-8MTR2
Electronic warfare version of the Mi-8MT.
Mi-8MTSh1
Electronic warfare version of the Mi-8MT.
Mi-8MTSh2 (NATO Hip-H EW4)
Electronic warfare version of the Mi-8MT.
Mi-8MTSh3 (NATO Hip-H EW6)
Electronic warfare version of the Mi-8MT.
Mi-8MTT
Sigint version of the Mi-8MT.
Mi-8MTYa
Electronic warfare version of the Mi-8MT with "Yakhont" system.
Mi-8MS
VIP version. Sub-variants are Mi-8MSO and Mi-8MSD.
Mi-17 (NATO Hip-H)
Improved version of the Mi-8, powered by two Klimov TV3-117MT turboshaft engines. Basic production version.
Mi-17-1
Export version of Mi-8AMT.
Mi-17-1M
High altitude operations version, powered by two Klimov TV3-117VM turboshaft engines.
Mi-17-1V
Military transport, helicopter gunship version, powered by two Klimov TV3-117VM turboshaft engines. Export version of the Mi-8MTV-1.
Mi-17-1VA
Flying hospital version.
Mi-17-2
Export version of Mi-8MTV-2.
Mi-17V-3
Export version of the Mi-8MTV-3.
Mi-17V-5
Export version of the Mi-8MTV-5. This variant is designated CH-178 by the Canadian Forces.[30]
Mi-17V-7
Mi-17V-5 equipped with VK-2500 engine and clam shell doors.[31]
Mi-17M
Demonstration model from 1993, served as the basis for the Mi-17MD (nowadays known as Mi-17V-5).
Mi-17MD
Initial designator of the Mi-17V-5, developed in 1995 and from 1996 fitted with a loading ramp.
Mi-17KF
Export version fitted with new avionics including Inertial Navigation Unit along with GPS at tail boom.
Mi-17N
Export version of the Mi-8MTKO with GOES-321M turret with LLLTV and FLIR.
Mi-17P
Export version, passenger transport helicopter.
Mi-17PG
Export version of the Mi-8MTG.
Mi-17PI
Export version of the Mi-8MTI.
Mi-17PP
Export version of the Mi-8MTPB.
Mi-17S
VIP version.
Mi-17AE
Little-known SAR and Medevac version given to Poland.
Mi-17 LPZS
Specialised version for the SAR units (Leteckej Pátracej a Záchrannej Služby) of Slovakia. Four ordered.[32]
Mi-17Z-2 “Přehrada”
Czech electronic warfare version with two large canisters on each side.
Mi-18
Prototype design, a modification of the existing Mil Mi-8. Two Mi-8s were extended by 0.9 meters (3 ft), the landing gear made retractable, and a sliding door added to the starboard side of the fuselage. The Mi-18s were used in the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, and later used as static training airframes for pilots of the Mi-8/8MT.
Mi-19
Airborne command post version for tank and motorized infantry commanders (based on Mi-8MT/Mi-17 airframe).
Mi-19R
Airborne command post version similar to Mi-19 for commanders of rocket artillery (based on Mi-8MT/Mi-17 airframe).
Mi-171
Export version of the Mi-8AMT, built in Ulan-Ude.
Mi-171A
Mi-171 civilian passenger helicopter modified to meet FAR 29 and JAR 29 requirement.[33]
Mi-171A1
Mi-171 civilian cargo helicopter modified to meet FAR 29 and JAR 29 requirement.[33]
Mi-171C
Chinese built variant of Mi-171 by Sichuan Lantian Helicopter Company Limited, with two radars, one weather radar in the forward section, and another Doppler navigational radar under tail boom. Clam shell doors are replaced by a single ramp door.
Mi-171E
Mi-171 equipped with VK-2500-03 engines to operate in extreme temperature limits, from -58 to 50 Celsius.[34]
Mi-171M
Modernized Mi-171 to reduce crew from 3 to 2.[33]
Mi-171S
Mi-171 with western avionics such as AN/ARC-320 transceiver, GPS and standard NATO flight responder.[35]
Mi-171Sh
Export version of the Ulan-Udes Mi-8AMTSh. Czech Republic and Croatia have ordered these types in 2005 and 2007. Bangladesh Air Force also operates Mi-171Sh as armed helicopter.[36] Two recent operators are Peru who ordered 6, all due for delivery in 2011,[37] and Ghana which received 4 of the helicopters in January 2013.[38]
Mi-172
Civil passenger version manufactured in Kazan plant and based on the Mi-8MTV-3.

Operators[edit]

Former operators[edit]

 Czechoslovakia[47]
 Soviet Union[48]

Accidents and notable incidents[edit]

  • In December 2003, a Polish Air Force Mi-8 crashed with Prime Minister Leszek Miller on board; all survived.
  • In late July 2005, the South Sudanese leader John Garang died after the Ugandan presidential Mi-172 helicopter he was flying in crashed.[citation needed]
  • On 12 January 2008, a Mi-17 of the Macedonian Armed Forces crashed, killing all three crew members and eight passengers.
  • On 3 March 2008, an Iraqi Air Force Mi-17 (Mi-8AMT) crashed near Baiji while ferrying troops from Tal Afar to the capital Baghdad. All eight people on board perished in the accident.[49]
  • On 31 May 2008, a People's Liberation Army Mi-171 transport crashed in southwest Sichuan provinces with 14 on board. It was on a mission during 2008 Sichuan earthquake.[50]
  • On 14 February 2010, a Yemeni Air Force Mi-17 crashed in Northern Yemen, hitting an Army vehicle. All eleven people on board were killed, in addition to three others on the ground.[51]
  • On 28 July 2010, an Iraqi Air Force Mi-17 (Mi-8M) crashed in a sandstorm about 110 km south of Baghdad, killing all 5 occupants.[52]
  • On 19 November 2010, an Indian Air Force Mi-17 crashed near Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh, India killing all 12 people on board. It had taken off from Tawang for Guwahati, and crashed about five minutes later at Bomdir.[53]
  • On 19 April 2011, a Pawan Hans Mi-172 burst into flames seconds before landing at Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh, India, killing 17 people on board.[54]
  • On 18 May 2012, a Mi-17 crashed while in training in Yaracuy, Venezuela, killing 4 people.[55]
  • On 11 July 2012, a Pakistan Army Mi-17 crashed near Skardu Airport in Gilgit-Baltistan, killing 5 people.[56]
  • On 30 August 2012, two Indian Air Force Mi-17s collided near Jamnagar in Western India, killing 9 people.[57]
  • On 11 February 2013, a Mi-17 belonging to Azerbaijani Air Force crashed into the Caspian Sea killing all 3 people on board.[58]
  • On 25 June 2013, A Mi-17 V5 helicopter of the Indian Air Force crashed while undertaking rescue operations in the flood-ravaged areas of the state of Uttarakhand in northern India. IAF chief NAK Browne ruled out possibility of any of the 20 men on board surviving. There were five staff from IAF, six from Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and nine from National Disaster Response Force (NDRF).[59]
  • On 16 September 2013, a Turkish Air Force F-16 shot down a Syrian Mil-17 helicopter at the border after the helicopter violated Turkish airspace. Two crewmembers reportedly bailed out before the aircraft crashed in Syrian territory.[60]
  • On 9 November 2013, an Indonesian army helicopter crash killed at least 13 people after the Mi-17 aircraft caught on fire in the jungles of Borneo.

Specifications (Mil-17-1V)[edit]

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004[61]

General characteristics

  • Crew: Three – two pilots and one engineer
  • Capacity: 30 troops or 12 stretchers or 4,000 kg (8,820 lb) cargo internally /5,000 kg (11,023 lb) externally slung.
  • Length: 18.465 m (60 ft 7 in)
  • Rotor diameter: 21.25 m (69 ft 10½ in)
  • Height: 4.76 m (15 ft 7¼ in)
  • Disc area: 356 m² (3,834 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 7,489 kg (16,510 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 11,100 kg (24,470 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 13,000 kg (28,660 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Klimov TV3-117VM turboshafts, 1,633 kW (2,190 shp) each

Performance

Armament

  • up to 1,500 kg (3,300 lb) of disposable stores on six hardpoints, including bombs, rockets, and gunpods.

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ RIA Novosti – Russia – Russia denies supplying arms to Iraq −1
  2. ^ Mi-17 Hip Multirole Helicopter. Retrieved on May 25, 2008.
  3. ^ a b "Operation Safed Sagar". Bharat-rakshak.com. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "Inicio". Semar.gob.mx. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  5. ^ Christenson, Sig (November 11, 2011). "Air Force salutes rescue pilot: Distinguished Flying Cross goes to Boerne man who saved 2,080 Afghans". San Antonio Express-News. 
  6. ^ Bangkok Post Army to buy Russian choppers
  7. ^ "Thai army chooses Russian helicopters". Flightglobal.com. 2008-11-03. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  8. ^ "Russia delivers 80 Mi-17 helicopters to India". 9 November 2011
  9. ^ "defence.professionals". defpro.com. 20 August 2010. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  10. ^ "Russian Mi-17s Enter Service with Indian Air Force". Rianovosti. 17 February 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2012. 
  11. ^ India, Russia sign weapons deals worth billions of dollars. December 24, 2012
  12. ^ "US embassy cables: Pakistan army chief 'desperate' for US military support". The Guardian (London). 30 November 2010. 
  13. ^ "Chile to push for chopper deal with Russia despite U.S. pressure | Defense | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  14. ^ "NAVAIR - U.S. Navy Naval Air Systems Command - Navy and Marine Corps Aviation Research, Development, Acquisition, Test and Evaluation". navair.navy.mil. Retrieved 2014-01-26. 
  15. ^ "U.S. buys Russian choppers for Afghan military - politics - Washington Post | NBC News". MSNBC. 2010-06-19. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  16. ^ a b U.S. military criticized for purchase of Russian copters for Afghan air corps. Washington Post,
  17. ^ Harding, Stephen (1997). U.S. Army Aircraft Since 1947. Atglen, PA, USA: Schiffer Publishing Ltd. p. 184. ISBN 076430190X. 
  18. ^ Argentina formaliza la compra de cinco MI-17
  19. ^ Iniciativa para reequipar a las FF.AA.
  20. ^ Mi-17-1V w Polsce
  21. ^ "Russia-US copter deal for Afghan war". Presstv.ir. 2011-05-28. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  22. ^ "Pentagon to keep buying Russian helicopters."
  23. ^ Richard Lardner (December 7, 2013). "Why is US buying Russian helicopters for Afghan military?". Associated Press (Christian Science Monitor). Retrieved December 8, 2013. 
  24. ^ Rosobornexport to supply Mi-171E helicopters to Chinese Air Force.
  25. ^ "Ten Mi-8AMTSh helicopters delivered to Russian air force - News - Russian Aviation". Ruaviation. Com. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  26. ^ "Russia Receives Second Batch of Mi-8AMTSh Helicopters". Airforce Technology. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  27. ^ Jackson 2003, pp. 389, 391.
  28. ^ Jackson 2003, p. 390.
  29. ^ Jackson 2003, p. 392.
  30. ^ a b "Canadian Air Force - Mil CH-178 - Mil Mi-17-V5 - Leased Helicopter - MHLH Project - Air Command - CASR - Canadian American Strategic Review - Medium Lift Helicopter - Transport Helicopter - Russian Helicopter - Mil Mi-8 - Mil Mi-17(V5) - Mil Kazan - Government Military Contracts - Boeing Chinook - CH-147D Chinook - Canadian Forces - Department of National Defence - Succession Planning". Casr.ca. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  31. ^ Mi-17V-7
  32. ^ "Mi-17 SAR – Avionics upgrade and NVG modification / CLS a.s". Ceslet.cz. 2008-02-07. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  33. ^ a b c "Mi-171A/A1/M". Retrieved 2011. 
  34. ^ Mi-171E
  35. ^ Mi-171S
  36. ^ "recruitment/aircraft". eb.archive.org. Retrieved 2014-01-26. 
  37. ^ "First Shipment of Mi-171Sh to Be Delivered to Peru Defense Ministry in May". Defense-aerospace.com. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  38. ^ "President Mahama commissions four helicopters". Ghananewsagency.org. 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj "World Air Forces 2013". Flightglobal Insight. 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  40. ^ "Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat Malaysia Mi-8/17". Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  41. ^ Secretaría de Marina - Unidades Aeronavales - Helicopteros. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
  42. ^ "Hevilift Group Fleet". Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  43. ^ "World’s Air Forces 2004 pg.84". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  44. ^ "Turk Jandarma Teskilati Mi-8/17". Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  45. ^ "UK showcases Mi-17 training". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  46. ^ "Army gets two more Russian helicopters". huntsville times.com. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  47. ^ "Ceskoslovenske VoJenske Letectvo Mi-17". Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  48. ^ "World’s Air Forces 1987 pg.86". Retrieved 2013-03-20. 
  49. ^ ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 15203 (Aviation Safety Network)
  50. ^ Helicopter with 14 aboard crashes on quake relief mission in China
  51. ^ ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 72659 (Aviation Safety Network)
  52. ^ ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 75955 (Aviation Safety Network)
  53. ^ 12 killed as IAF chopper crashes in Arunachal. thehindu.com
  54. ^ "17 dead as helicopter crashes in Tawang; DGCA orders probe". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  55. ^ [1][dead link]
  56. ^ "Five killed in Skardu army helicopter crash | PAKISTAN". geo.tv. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  57. ^ "Two IAF helicopters crash midair in Gujarat, 9 killed - Times Of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2012-08-30. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  58. ^ "APA - Servicemen who died in military helicopter crash in Azerbaijan named - EXCLUSIVE - PHOTOSESSION". En.apa.az. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  59. ^ "Will continue with the mission till job is done, Air Force chief says - Times Of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2013-06-26. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  60. ^ "MIDEAST - Turkey shot down Syrian helicopter at border, Deputy PM says". Hurriyetdailynews.com. Retrieved 2013-10-04. 
  61. ^ Jackson 2003, pp. 390–392.

The initial version of this article was based on material from aviation.ru. It has been released under the GFDL by the copyright holder.

  • Eden, Paul (ed.). The Encyclopedia of Modern Military Aircraft. London, UK: Amber Books, 2004. ISBN 1-904687-84-9. 
  • Hoyle, Craig (13–19 December 2011). "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International 180 (5321): pp. 26–52. ISSN 0015-3710. 
  • Jackson, Paul (2003). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 2003–2004. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Information Group. ISBN 0-7106-2537-5. 

External links[edit]