Mikoyan

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"MiG" redirects here. For other uses, see MiG (disambiguation).
For other uses, see Mikoyan (disambiguation).
Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG
Type Division
Industry Aerospace and defense
Founded December 1939 (As OKB-155 in 1942)
Headquarters Moscow, Russia
Key people Artem Mikoyan and Mikhail Gurevich, company founders
Products Military aircraft
Civil airliners
Parent United Aircraft Corporation
Website Official Website

Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG (Российская самолетостроительная корпорация «МиГ»), or RSK MiG, is a Russian joint stock company. Formerly Mikoyan-and-Gurevich Design Bureau (Russian: Микоян и Гуревич, МиГ), then simply Mikoyan, it is a military aircraft design bureau, primarily designing fighter aircraft. Its head office is in Begovoy District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow.[1]

It was formerly a Soviet design bureau, and was founded by Artem Mikoyan and Mikhail Gurevich as "Mikoyan and Gurevich", with the bureau prefix "MiG." Upon Mikoyan's death in 1970, Gurevich's name was dropped from the name of the bureau, although the bureau prefix remained "MiG". The firm also operates several machine-building and design bureaus, including the Kamov helicopter plant.

MiG aircraft are a staple of the Soviet and Russian air forces, and the Soviet Union sold many of these aircraft within its sphere of influence. They have been used by the militaries of China, North Korea, and North Vietnam in aerial confrontations with American and allied forces, and form part of the air forces of many Arab nations.

In 2006, the Russian government merged 100% of Mikoyan shares with Ilyushin, Irkut, Sukhoi, Tupolev, and Yakovlev as a new company named United Aircraft Corporation.[2] Specifically, Mikoyan and Sukhoi were placed within the same operating unit.[3]

List of MiG aircraft[edit]

MiG-15
MiG-21
MiG-23
MiG-25
MiG-29
MiG-29OVT
MiG-21 in Peenemünde

Production[edit]

Experimental[edit]

UAVs and drones[edit]

Naming conventions[edit]

MiGs follow the convention of using odd numbers for fighter aircraft. However, this naming convention is maintained not directly by MiG, but by ordering institutions, such as Ministry of Defence or Council of Ministers' Military-Industrial Commission (while in Soviet Union). The original designations for MiG aircraft are 2- or 3-digit numbers, separated by a dot. 1.44 or 1.42 is an example of original naming. Although the MiG-8 and MiG-110 exist, they are not fighters. The MiG-105 "Spiral" was designed as an orbital interceptor, contemporaneous with the U.S. Air Force's cancelled X-20 Dyna-Soar.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Contacts." Mikoyan. Retrieved on 30 August 2011. "Russian Aircraft Corporation "MiG" 125284, Russian Federation, Moscow, 1-st Botkinsky drive, 7" – Address in Russian: "125284, Российская Федерация, Москва, 1-й Боткинский проезд, д.7"
  2. ^ "Russian Aircraft Industry Seeks Revival Through Merger." The New York Times. February 22, 2006.
  3. ^ Aviationweek.com

External links[edit]