Bloom is currently a Professor of security studies. Prior to this appointment Bloom was an associate professor of international studies at the Pennsylvania State University in University Park, PA and a fellow at the International Center for the Study of Terrorism at Penn State ICST.
With research specialties in ethnic conflict, rape in war, and child soldiers, Bloom was a term member of the Council on Foreign Relations from 2003-2008. Bloom is known for her work on suicide terrorism, women and terrorism, children in terrorist groups, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Boko Haram in Nigeria, radicalization of European/American Muslims, and militant women during "the Troubles" in Northern Ireland.
Bloom has a PhD in political science from Columbia University, a Masters in Arab Studies from Georgetown University and a Bachelors from McGill University in Russian, Islamic studies and Middle East Studies. She completed a year in the overseas program at Tel Aviv University and a semester at the Arab Language Institute (ALI) at the American University of Cairo. She has held research or teaching appointments at Rutgers, Princeton, Cornell, Harvard, and McGill Universities and speaks eight languages. She regularly appears on MSNBC, Fox News, CNN, CBC and CTV and has been interviewed by Jim Lehrer for PBS, Ted Koppel for Nightline, and Jesse Pearson for MTV. Bloom analyzed the changing role of women and terrorism in a TEDxPSU talk in December 2011 .
Bombshell is published in the US by the University of Pennsylvania Press and in the UK by Hurst. Bloom is writing a book on Children's involvement in violent extremism and the growing exploitation of children by terrorist networks in Pakistan and the MENA region entitled "Small Arms: Children and Terror" with Dr. John G. Horgan for Cornell University Press and articles on the strategic use of rape for recruitment by violent extremist organizations.
-  "How ISIS is Using Marriage as a Trap" Huffington Post March 3, 2015
-  with John G Horgan, "Rise of the Child Terrorist: Young Faces at the Front-lines" Foreign Affairs Feb. 9, 2015
-  "Armed and Innocent?" Monkey Cage Washington Post, 9/11/14.
-  "Female Suicide Bombers: Not a New Phenomenon." Monkey Cage Washington Post 8/6/14.
- Bombshells: Women and Terror. Gender Issues Vol. 28, Numbers 1-2, 1-21
- "Bombshell: The Many Faces of Women Terrorists" Toronto: Penguin (Canada), 2011
- "Death Becomes Her: Women, Occupation, and Terrorist Mobilization." PS: Political Science & Politics, Volume 43, Issue 03, July 2010, 445-450 available online
- "What the Tigers Taught Al-Qaeda" Washington Post Op-Ed, May 24, 2009
- "Chasing Rainbows and Butterflies: A Critique of Arie Kruglanski et al." Political Psychology, 2009, 30(3), 387-395
- With Horgan, J. (2008). "Missing their Mark: The IRA Proxy Bomb Campaign 1990" Social Research: International Quarterly of the Social Sciences. Special Issue: Martyrdom, Self-sacrifice, and Self-Denial, 75, 2, 579-614.
- "Female Suicide Bombers: Global Trends" Daedalus, vol. 136:1 (2007) available online
- "Terror's Stealth Weapon: Women" Los Angeles Times Op-Ed, November 29, 2005
- Dying to Kill: The Allure of Suicide Terror. NY: Columbia University Press, 2005 .
- "Mother, Daughter. Sister, Bomber" Bulletin of the Atomic Scientist Volume 61, Number 6, November / December 2005
- "Saudi’s Grimm Exports: Suicide Bombers." Los Angeles Times Op-Ed, July 17, 2005.
- Palestinian Suicide Bombing: Public Support, Market Share and Outbidding. Political Science Quarterly, volume 119 number 1, Spring 2004, 61-88.
- Ethnic Conflict, State Terror and Suicide Bombing in Sri Lanka. Civil Wars, Frank Cass, (Volume 6 No. 2, Spring 2003), 54-84.
- In the Belly of the Tigers World Press Review, available online
-  International Center for the Study of Terrorism, Penn State
-  Bio at ICST
- Review of Dying to Kill (Foreign Affairs)
- Review of Dying to Kill by Joseph T. McCann, Binghamton University (Journal of Conflict Studies)