Miami-Dade Police Department

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Miami-Dade Police Department
Abbreviation MDPD
Miami-Dade.jpg
Patch and Badge of the Miami-Dade Police Department
Agency overview
Formed 1836
Employees 4,700 (largest in the Southeast)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* County (U.S.) of Miami-Dade in the state of Florida, United States
Size 2,431 sq mi (6,300 km2)
Population 2,478,745
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Doral, Florida
Officers 3,034
Facilities
Stations 8
Website
www.miamidade.gov/mdpd/
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Miami-Dade Police Department (MDPD), formerly known as the Metro-Dade Police Department (1981–1997), Dade County Public Safety Department (1957–1981) and the Dade County Sheriff's Office (1836–1957) is a Full Service County Police Department serving Miami-Dade County, Florida's unincorporated areas, although they have lenient mutual aid agreements with other incorporated municipalities, most often the City of Miami Police Department. The MDPD is the largest police department in the Southeastern United States, with approximately 4,700 employees. The Department is still often referred by its former name, the Metro-Dade Police or simply Metro. Miami-Dade Police officers are easily identified by their taupe/brown colored uniforms. Miami-Dade Police vehicles are identified by their green and white livery. MDPD officers carry silver badges, while officers with the ranks of sergeant and above carry gold badges.

The MDPD operates out of nine district stations throughout Miami-Dade County and several specialized bureaus. The MDPD is internationally accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies, as well as at the state level by the Florida Commission for Law Enforcement Accreditation. The current director of the department is J.D. Patterson,[1] who succeeded James Loftus. The department's headquarters are located in Doral, Florida.[2]

History[edit]

The Dade County Sheriff's Office was created in 1836 to serve the newly created County of Dade, which originally consisted of the area comprised by the present-day counties of Miami-Dade, Broward, Palm Beach and Martin. In the early years, the entire area was policed by as few as three deputies on horseback, and Dade’s sheriffs were appointed by the governor. In 1899, the office of the sheriff became an elected position. By 1915, the jurisdiction area had been reduced to its present size of approximately 2,139 square miles.[3]

In 1957, the metropolitan form of government was established, and the Dade County Sheriff's Office was subsequently renamed the Public Safety Department. The Public Safety Department’s organizational structure, as determined by the metropolitan charter, included responsibility for police and fire protection, the jail and stockade, civil defense, animal control, and motor vehicle inspection. In 1960, the Public Safety Department also assumed responsibility for police operations at the Port of Miami and Miami International Airport.[3] By 1966, the Public Safety Department had approximately 850 sworn officers in its ranks. That year a long-standing controversy over the selection/election procedure for choosing a county sheriff was resolved by voter mandate. Subsequently, non-elected sheriffs were appointed by the county manager as "Director of the Public Safety Department and Sheriff of Metropolitan Dade County."

In 1973, the responsibility for running the county’s jails was transferred to the newly created Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. By that year, the Public Safety Department had also been divested of all other non-police responsibilities in order to concentrate entirely on law enforcement services. In July 1981, the Public Safety Department was renamed the Metro-Dade Police Department. In September 1997, voters decided to change the jurisdiction’s name to Miami-Dade County. In December of the same year, the Metro-Dade Police Department was renamed the Miami-Dade Police Department.[3]

On September 13, 2007 four Miami-Dade Police Department officers were shot by a suspect with an AK-47, resulting in the death of one officer, Jose Somohano. Another officer suffered a serious leg injury. The suspect, Shawn Sherwin Labeet, fled the scene but was found in an apartment complex later that day. He was cornered in a poolhouse bathroom by members of Miami-Dade Police Special Response Team (equivalent to SWAT), and was shot and killed when he refused to drop a pistol he was holding.

On the morning of Thursday, January 20, 2011, two Miami-Dade Police officers were shot and killed by a homicide suspect, Johnny Sims. According to Miami-Dade Police Director James Loftus, the MDPD fugitive warrant team were assisting the U.S. Marshals Service in the city of Miami in apprehending the suspect, for whom a murder warrant had been issued. Police arrived at the suspect's mother's house and made contact with a member of the family, when the suspect surprised police by opening fire. Detective Roger Castillo, a 21-year veteran, was shot in the head and died at the scene, and Detective Amanda Haworth, a 23-year veteran, was shot several times and taken to Jackson Memorial Hospital's Ryder Trauma Center in grave condition. She underwent emergency surgery there, but died shortly thereafter. The suspect, Sims, was shot and killed by another detective at the scene.

Organization[edit]

MDPD provides law enforcement services to eight district stations throughout Miami-Dade County:[4]

  1. Northwest Station (Miami Lakes)
  2. Northside Station (West Little River)
  3. Midwest Station (Doral)
  4. South District Station (Cutler Ridge)
  5. Kendall Station (Kendall)
  6. Intracoastal Station (North Miami Beach)
  7. Hammocks Station (The Hammocks)
  8. Airport District (Miami International Airport, Florida)

Contracted municipalities

Demographics[edit]

Breakdown of the makeup of the rank and file of MDPD:[5]

  • Male: 77%
  • Female: 23%
  • White: 42%
  • Hispanic: 17%
  • African-American/Black: 41%

Ranks and insignia[edit]

Title Insignia
Director/Sheriff
4 Gold Stars.svg
Assistant Director
3 Gold Stars.svg
Division Chief
2 Gold Stars.svg
Major
US-O4 insignia.svg
Commander
Captain insignia gold.svg
Captain
Captain insignia gold.svg
First Lieutenant
US-O2 insignia.svg
Supervisor
US-O1 insignia.svg
Lieutenant
US-O1 insignia.svg
Master Sergeant
MasterSGTpin.jpg
Sergeant
South Carolina Highway Patrol Sergeant Rank Chevrons.svg
Corporal
South Carolina Highway Patrol Corporal Rank Chevrons.svg
Police Officer

All rank insignia are worn on the collars of the shirt, except for sergeant and corporal, which are worn on each sleeve, below the department patch.

Specialized units[edit]

  • Administrative Unit
  • Arson Unit
  • Auto Theft Unit
  • Aviation Unit
  • Bomb Squad
  • Citizens Volunteer Program
  • Communications Bureau
  • Community Affairs Bureau
  • Crime Scene Investigations Bureau (CSIB)
  • Crime Stoppers – (305) 471-TIPS
  • Critical Incident Logistics Section
  • Court Services Bureau
  • DARE
  • Economic Crimes Bureau
  • Fugitive Warrant (assists US Marshal Service)
  • General Investigations Unit (G.I.U.)
  • Homeland Security Bureau
  • Homicide Bureau
  • Information Technology Services Bureau (ITSB)
  • Internal Affairs
  • Intelligence Bureau
  • K-9
  • Marine Patrol
  • Media Relations Bureau
  • Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Internal Affairs Bureau
  • Narcotics Bureau (T.N.T.)
  • Neighborhood Resource Unit (N.R.U.)
  • Organized Crime Section
  • Personnel Management Bureau
  • Police Legal Bureau
  • Property and Evidence Bureau
  • Public Corruption Investigations Bureau
  • Robbery Bureau
  • Robbery Intervention Detail (RID)
  • Cargo Theft Task Force
  • Street Terror Offender Program (S.T.O.P.)
  • Street Gang Section (M.A.G.T.F.)
  • Special Patrol Bureau (Motorcycle, D.U.I. Certified)
  • Special Response Team (S.R.T.)
  • Special Victims Bureau (Sexual Battery)
  • Strategic Policing Operations Response Team (SPORT)
  • Training Bureau
  • Underwater Recovery Unit
  • Southeast Regional Domestic Security Task Force

Popular culture[edit]

Miami-Dade Police is the law enforcement agency depicted in the television shows, films, and video games:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]