Miami Central Station

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Miami Central Station
Miami Airport 20 airtransportation.svg
MIC Station.jpg
Southward view toward Coral Gables and Coconut Grove of Airport station; Amtrak and Tri-Rail tracks under construction left-background
Station statistics
Address 3797 NW 21st Street
Miami, Florida 33142
Coordinates 25°47′48″N 80°15′41″W / 25.79667°N 80.26139°W / 25.79667; -80.26139Coordinates: 25°47′48″N 80°15′41″W / 25.79667°N 80.26139°W / 25.79667; -80.26139
Line(s) Amtrak: Metrorail: Tri-Rail:
Connections International Airport Miami International Airport via MIA Mover
Intercity Bus Greyhound Bus Lines
Local Transit Metrobus: 37, 42, 57, J (110), 133, 150,238,297,
Rental Car Center
Taxicabs
Levels 2 (Ground floor: Amtrak, Tri-Rail, Metrobus and Greyhound Lines
Upper level: Metrorail and MIA Mover)
Platforms Platforms 1–4: Ground cross-platform interchange (Amtrak and Tri-Rail)
Platforms 5 & 6: Elevated island platform (Metrorail and MIA Mover)
Tracks 8
Parking Multi-story parking garage
Bicycle facilities Bicycle parking on ground level
Other information
Opened Metrorail: July 28, 2012
Tri-Rail: Late 2014 (Under Construction)
Amtrak: Early 2015 (Under Construction)[1]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station code MIA
Owned by FDOT
Fare zone Miami Central to Golden Glades (Tri-Rail)
Traffic
Passengers (2013, proj.) 150,000 (MIC; daily)[2][3] Steady 0%
Services
Preceding station   Metrorail   Following station
Terminus Orange Line
  Planned  
BSicon LOGO Amtrak2.svg Amtrak
Terminus Silver Star
Silver Meteor
Tri-Rail logo.svg SFRTA
Terminus Tri-Rail

Miami Central Station and Miami Intermodal Center, also called Miami Airport Station,[4][5] is a rapid transit, commuter rail, intercity rail, and intercity bus transportation hub currently under construction by the Florida Department of Transportation in unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States, just outside Miami city limits near its Grapeland Heights neighborhood. It is currently on schedule for completion in 2014.

The station located on Northwest 21st Street near North Douglas Road (West 37th Avenue), just east of Le Jeune Road (West 42nd Avenue) and Miami International Airport (MIA), and south of the Miami River and the Airport Expressway (SR 112). When completed, it will serve Amtrak, Tri-Rail, Metrorail, and Metrobus, and will provide a people mover connection to the airport via the MIA Mover.

History[edit]

Rendering of the Miami Central Station, expected to be completed in 2014

Current Amtrak Operations[edit]

In 1977, Amtrak determined it could not maintain the decaying Allapattah terminal, which also posed logistical problems for passenger coach maintenance, and moved the Miami terminus to its current location at the Seaboard passenger coach yards near Hialeah, north of Miami Central Station.[6] The new Miami Central Station is located six miles south of the current Amtrak station, on a mile-long spur that branches south off of the beginning of the Seaboard (now CSX) Homestead extension near the Miami River.

Tri-Rail[edit]

Southbound Tri-Rail service terminated at the modern-day Hialeah Market in 1989. A new station opened in April 1998 at the present site of Central Station. It was the southern terminus of the Tri-Rail system until September 12, 2011, when Tri-Rail service to the site was suspended for approximately two years to facilitate construction of the new station. Hialeah Market became the temporary southern terminus for Tri-Rail with shuttle buses taking passengers between the Hialeah Market station and Miami International Airport and two trains per day stopping further north at the Metrorail transfer station with accompanying shuttle buses.[7]

Construction of Miami Intermodal Center[edit]

The United States Department of Transportation designated the Miami Intermodal Center as a "Project of National Significance," earning it special loan rates. The first of these loans was made in 2000 for $269 million. Another loan of $270 million was approved in 2007.

The first component of the MIC Program to be completed was major roadway improvements, including a reconfigured Le Jeune Road, in May 2008. The Roadways Program was developed to provide direct, enhanced connections to and from nearby expressways and the local roads serving the MIC and airport. The second component was the Rental Car Center (RCC), a 3,400,000-square-foot (320,000 m2) "rental car shopping mall" that provides customers arriving through Miami International Airport (MIA) convenient access to participating rental car companies. The MIA Mover APM, a dual-track, light-rail, 1.25-mile elevated people mover system connecting MIA to the RCC and future Miami Central Station, was completed in September 2011.

Train Station[edit]

The final component of the program, the Miami Central Station, is Miami-Dade County's first all-inclusive ground transportation hub and is currently under construction. The completed program will cost $2 billion and is expected to serve approximately 150,000 commuters and travelers each day.

Phase I of the station, which involved the construction of the MIA Mover, Metrobus terminal, and Metrorail concourse, opened on July 28, 2012. Phase II, which entails construction of the Tri-Rail and Amtrak concourse, is scheduled for completion in early 2014.[1] The intermodal rail station, a part of the greater Miami Intermodal Center at MIA, is expected to be among the busiest passenger stations in Florida and the Southeast upon completion.

Construction of the facility began on May 18, 2011, but the ceremonial groundbreaking did not take place until September 27.[8]


Closing of Miami Airport Station during construction[edit]

Tri-Rail's Miami Airport Station temporarily closed on September 12, 2011 to facilitate construction of the Miami Central Station. The station is expected to be closed for a period of approximately two years, during which time it will be rebuilt and connected to the airport via an escalator and people mover.

During this two-year period, the southern terminus of rail service will be the Hialeah Market Station, where bus transportation will be provided to and from the Miami International Airport through this station. Trailers have been installed to house a ticket agent and restroom facilities. Additional lighting has been installed and approximately 60 additional parking spaces have been striped. There will be 24-hour security at the station.

Two northbound trains, P638 and P642, will originate from the Metrorail Transfer Station. Two southbound trains, P631 and P635 will terminate at the Metrorail Transfer Station. Passengers will be bused to and from the Hialeah Market Station and the Miami International Airport for these trains.

By closing the Miami Airport Station, the construction time of the MIC will be reduced by approximately 21 months and will result in taxpayers saving approximately $10 million in construction costs. The impact to passengers should be less than 10 minutes in extended travel time to the airport.

The Metrorail and Metrobus stations are combined in a single structure designed by Perez & Perez Architects Planners Inc; a Miami local firm. The stainless steel and aluminum canopy was design through modern digital fabrication techniques and was manufactured by Zahner in Kansas City. The structure was shipped in modular sections and assembled on site in an eight month time-frame.The new Metrorail and Metrobus station opened July 28, 2012.

The other platforms servicing Amtrak and Tri-Rail were designed by AECOM and are still pending completion and are anticipated to open in 2014.

Rental Car Center[edit]

A concept rendering of the completed Rental Car Center

The Rental Car Center is a multi-level consolidated rental car facility that consolidates the operations of 16 rental car companies in one location. Opened on July 13, 2010, the RCC is home to 6,500 rental cars and is projected to serve 28,000 customers daily. The Quick Turnaround Area where vehicles are washed and refueled includes 120 gas pump positions and 42 car wash bays on three vehicle storage levels. The multi-level fueling system is the first of its kind in the United States.

The consolidation has cut the combined rental car bus fleet from 120 buses to 60. The MIA Mover entirely replaced the shuttle bus service in September 2011. The elimination of the rental car bus fleet has reduced gas emissions at the airport by 30 percent.[9]

MIA Mover[edit]

Main article: MIA Mover

The MIA Mover is an automated people mover (APM) system which transports passengers between Miami International Airport's Main Terminal and the Miami Central Station and Rental Car Center, as part of the Miami Intermodal Center (MIC).[10]

Services[edit]

Amtrak[edit]

Note: Amtrak service at Miami Central Station service does not begin until January 2014 at the earliest. The Amtrak connection to Central station has been delayed until early 2015.

Metrobus[edit]

Route # Route Name Route Map Note
7A Downtown Miami ↔ Central Station via NW 7th Street and Marlins Park Map
37 South Miami Metrorail stationHialeah via Douglas Rd & Palm Ave Map
42 Douglas Road Metrorail stationOpa-locka or Miami Springs (42A) via LeJeune Rd Map Evening weekday terminus at Miami Central Station
57 Jackson South Hospital via Red Rd (SR 959) and Perimeter Rd Map Weekday service only
J (110) Miami Beach via Julia Tuttle Cswy, 36 St & LeJeune Rd Map
133 Airport/Tri-Rail Shuttle (MIA ↔ Hialeah Market Tri-Rail station or NW 79th Street/37th Ave Map To be discontinued when phase II is complete. This route does NOT enter Central Station.
150 Miami Beach Airport Flyer (Miami Beach at South Pointe Park, Alton, and 5th Street via the Airport Expressway/Julia Tuttle Causeway, and Collins Avenue) Map
238 East-West Connection (Dolphin Mall) Map Weekday service
Weekend Express (Dolphin Mall via SR 836) Map Saturdays and Sundays only
297 27th Ave Orange Line MAX (Calder Race Course, Sun Life Stadium, and County Line Road via NW 27th Ave) Weekday service only

Metrorail[edit]

     Metrorail Orange Line

Tri-Rail[edit]

Note: Tri-Rail service at Miami Central Station service does not begin until January 2014 at the earliest.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "MIC Construction Schedule". Summary Schedule. Florida Department of Transportation. February 20, 2013. Retrieved July 15, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Miami, FL (MIA)". Great American Stations. Amtrak. 2010. Retrieved April 24, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Zero Void® Monostrand System Stabilizes Modern Transportation Hub at Miami Airport". DYWIDAG Systems International. 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2011. 
  4. ^ Miami-Dade Transit (2010). "AirportLink Metrorail Extension Project Status". Miami-Dade County. Retrieved December 14, 2010. 
  5. ^ Miami-Dade Transit (Fall 2010). "Miami-Dade AirportLink News". Miami-Dade County. Retrieved December 14, 2010. 
  6. ^ Kleinberg, Howard (April 24, 1986). "Seaboard Ended Rail Monopoly". The Miami News. Retrieved April 24, 2011. 
  7. ^ http://www.tri-rail.com/bulletins.htm#list24
  8. ^ "Groundbreaking set for Miami multi-modal station". Trains Magazine. September 26, 2011. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  9. ^ "MIA RENTAL CAR CENTER (RCC)". 
  10. ^ Miami-Dade Aviation Department. "Miami International Airport: MIA Mover & Rental Car Center (RCC)". Retrieved January 9, 2010.