Miami Police Department

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of Justice document "Justice Department Releases Investigative Findings on the City of Miami Police Department and Officer-involved Shootings".


Miami Police Department
Abbreviation MPD
Miami Police.jpg
Patch of the Miami Police Department.
Agency overview
Formed 1896
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* City of Miami in the state of Florida, USA
Miami-Dade County Florida Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Miami Highlighted.svg
Map of Miami Police Department's jurisdiction.
Size 55.27 square miles (143.1 km2)
Population 362,470 (2000)
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Miami, Florida
Police Officers 1,054 (2012) [1]
Agency executive Manuel Orosa, Chief of Police
Districts 3
Website
Miami Police
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Miami Police Department or MPD, often referred to as the City of Miami Police, is the chief police department of the U.S. city of Miami, Florida. Their jurisdiction lies within the actual city limits of Miami, but have mutual aid agreements with neighboring police departments. Currently Manuel Orosa is the chief of police. City of Miami police are distinguishable from their Miami-Dade counterparts by their blue uniforms and blue-and-white patrol vehicles.

In 2010, the Miami Police Department was recognized by the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) with a special award for its community policing initiatives aimed at improving homeland security. The department was singled out for this distinction from a list of over 18,000 police agencies nationwide.[2][3]

Districts and demographics[edit]

There are three patrolling districts and eleven neighborhoods for which the following districts are responsible:

North District
Central District
South District

The demographics of full-time sworn personnel are:[4]

  • Male: 82%
  • Female: 18%
  • Hispanic: 54%
  • African-American/Black: 27%
  • White: 19%

Ranks and Insignia[edit]

Title Insignia
Chief of Police
4 Gold Stars.svg
Deputy Chief
3 Gold Stars.svg
Assistant Chief
2 Gold Stars.svg
Major
US-O4 insignia.svg
Commander
Captain
Captain insignia gold.svg
Lieutenant
US-O1 insignia.svg
Senior Patrol Sergeant
Sergeant
Los Angeles Sheriff's Department Sergeant Rank Chevrons.svg
Senior Patrol Officer
South Carolina Highway Patrol Corporal Rank Chevrons.svg
Police Officer

Rank insignia for senior patrol officer, sergeant and senior patrol sergeant is worn on the upper sleeves below the shoulder patch while rank insignia for lieutenant through chief is worn on the collars of the shirt.

Investigations by US Department of Justice[edit]

The US Department of Justice (DOJ) has twice investigated the Miami Police Department since 2002.[5]

A civil investigation conducted between 2011 and 2013 found that the city of Miami Police Department (MPD) has "engaged in a pattern or practice of excessive use of force through officer-involved shootings in violation of the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution."[5] Between 2008 and 2011, officers intentionally shot at individuals on 33 separate occasions, three of which MPD itself found unjustified. The US DOJ found that a number of MPD practices, including deficient tactics, improper actions by specialized units, as well as egregious delays and substantive deficiencies in deadly force investigations, contributed to the pattern or practice of excessive force. However, it should be noted that all of the aforementioned officer-involved shootings that have been analyzed to date by the State Attorneys Office were found to be justified.[6]

The DOJ's findings noted that MPD did not provide close supervision or hold individuals accountable for their actions by failing to complete thorough, objective and timely investigations of officer-involved shootings. For a significant number of the shootings, including one that occurred in 2008, MPD has not reached a conclusion internally as to whether or not the officer’s firearm discharge was lawful and within policy. The DOJ also found that MPD’s failure to complete timely and thorough investigations of officer-involved shootings undermined accountability and exposed MPD officers and the community to unreasonable risks that might have been addressed through prompt corrective action, noting that several investigations remained open for more than three years. Significantly, a small number of officers were involved in a disproportionate number of shootings, while the investigations into their shootings continued to be egregiously delayed. The DOJ noted that similar deficiencies were found in its previous investigation that began in 2002.

The 2011-2013 investigation was conducted by the Special Litigation Section of the Department of Justice’s Civil Rights Division and the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of Florida, with the assistance of an experienced law enforcement expert, pursuant to the pattern or practice provision of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. It involved an in-depth review of thousands of documents, including written policies and procedures, training materials, and internal reports, photographs, video and audio recordings and investigative files. The review benefited from productive dialogue with MPD supervisors and officers, city of Miami officials, the Office of the State Attorney, the Civilian Investigative Panel, and members of the Miami community. The DOJ provided feedback to MPD during the investigation and commended Miami police chief Manuel Orosa for taking steps to address some of the deficiencies identified since the investigation began.

The findings letter of the investigation is available on the DOJ website. To address the issues it identified, the city will enter a judicially overseen agreement with the DOJ.[7][8] In a statement responding to the investigation, Chief Manuel Orosa said, "The Miami Police Department welcomes this long-awaited response and looks forward to the opportunity to clarify several components of the letter, as well as to labor intensely to negotiate an agreement with the Department of Justice, as promptly as possible.”[9]

Former Chief Miguel A. Exposito has criticized the latest investigation of the Miami Police Department by the US Justice Department(DOJ), labeling it as slipshod and as a hatchet job against the agency. Among his criticisms was the intentional or negligent failure on the part of DOJ investigators to interview both he and former Chief John F. Timoney, who were the department's directors during the time-frame analyzed in the DOJ probe, this despite the fact that he had formally notified DOJ that he possessed information crucial to the outcome of the investigation and of his willingness to cooperate fully with investigators. Chief Exposito also criticized the Justice Department's final report as being vague, lacking substance and riddled with substantial inaccuracies, omissions and baseless conclusions. The former chief described many of DOJ's findings as nothing more than opinions and innuendoes. Chief Exposito concluded his rebuttal by stating, "By employing a partisan, distorted and myopic approach, coupled with unprofessional and unorthodox investigative practices, the Justice Department has done a great disservice to the law-abiding people of Miami, the men and women in law enforcement, and even the families of the decedents, who I trust were anticipating that DOJ would provide objective conclusions based on honest assessments and factual data."

As a result, he has asked Florida Senator Marco Rubio and Texas Senator Ted Cruz to request a Senate inquiry into the unethical conduct of DOJ investigators during the probe of the police department.[6][10][11]

Controversy over speeding[edit]

On October 11, 2011, MPD Officer Fausto Lopez was speeding to a moonlighting job at up to 120 mph when he was caught by a state trooper after a 7 minute chase, with the video going viral on YouTube. The state trooper initially believed that the MPD cruiser had been stolen, so Lopez was arrested at gunpoint and handcuffed. This started a feud between the Florida Highway Patrol and the MPD (who regarded the arrest as an overreaction), involving police blog accusations and insults, posters attacking the state trooper who stopped Lopez, and someone smearing feces on another trooper's patrol car.[12] An investigation by the South Florida Sun-Sentinel in February 2012 examined SunPass toll records and found that 800 cops from a dozen South Florida agencies drove their cruisers above 90 mph in 2011, mostly while off duty. As a result of the Sun-Sentinel report, 158 state troopers and officers were disciplined mostly receiving a reprimand and losing their take-home cars for up to six months. Lopez, who was found to have driven 90 mph on more than 80 occasions, was suspended with pay in early July 2012 and terminated from the Miami Police on September 13, 2012.[13]

Officers who died in the line of duty[edit]

Since the establishment of the Miami Police Department, 36 officers have died in the line of duty.[14]

Officer Date of Death Details
Officer John Rhinehart (Bob) Riblet
Wednesday, June 2, 1915
Gunfire
Officer Frank Angelo Croff
Sunday, May 22, 1921
Vehicular assault
Officer Richard Roy Marler
Monday, November 28, 1921
Gunfire (Accidental)
Sergeant Laurie Lafayette Wever
Sunday, March 15, 1925
Gunfire
Officer John D. Marchbanks
Tuesday, February 16, 1926
Struck by vehicle
Officer Samuel J. Callaway
Monday, January 10, 1927
Vehicle pursuit
Officer Jesse L. Morris
Friday, July 8, 1927
Gunfire
Officer Albert R. Johnson
Sunday, September 25, 1927
Gunfire (Accidental)
Detective James Franklin Beckham
Friday, February 3, 1928
Gunfire
Officer Augustus S. McCann
Wednesday, September 26, 1928
Vehicle pursuit
Officer Sidney Clarence Crews
Friday, April 26, 1929
Gunfire
Officer John Brubaker
Friday, March 31, 1933
Automobile accident
Officer Robert Lee Jester
Saturday, November 18, 1933
Gunfire
Officer Samuel D. Hicks
Sunday, August 9, 1936
Vehicular assault
Officer Patrick Howell Baldwin
Friday, March 29, 1940
Automobile accident
Motorcycle Officer Wesley Frank Thompson
Thursday, September 18, 1941
Vehicle pursuit
Police Officer John Milledge
Friday, November 1, 1946
Gunfire
Police Officer Johnnie Young
Saturday, March 8, 1947
Gunfire (Accidental)
Police Officer Frampton Pope Wichman Jr.
Friday, September 24, 1948
Accidental
Police Officer Leroy Joseph LaFleur Sr.
Friday, February 16, 1951
Gunfire
Police Officer James H. Brigman
Wednesday, February 28, 1951
Automobile accident
Police Officer John Thomas Burlinson
Saturday, March 8, 1958
Vehicular assault
Police Officer Jerrel E. Ferguson
Wednesday, November 7, 1962
Gunfire
Police Officer Ronald F. McLeod
Thursday, May 8, 1969
Gunfire
Police Officer Rolland Lane II
Saturday, May 23, 1970
Gunfire
Sergeant Victor Butler Jr.
Saturday, February 20, 1971
Gunfire
Lieutenant Edward F. McDermott
Sunday, May 18, 1980
Heart attack
Police Officer Nathaniel K. Broom
Wednesday, September 2, 1981
Gunfire
Police Officer Jose Raimundo DeLeon
Friday, December 21, 1984
Motorcycle accident
Police Officer David Herring
Wednesday, September 3, 1986
Duty related illness
Police Officer Victor Estefan
Thursday, March 31, 1988
Gunfire
Police Officer William Don Craig
Tuesday, June 21, 1988
Vehicular assault
Police Officer Osvaldo Juan Canalejo Jr.
Tuesday, October 13, 1992
Automobile accident
Officer Carlos A. Santiago
Tuesday, May 30, 1995
Fall
Police Officer William Harris Williams
Monday, July 3, 2000
Motorcycle accident
Detective James Walker
Tuesday, January 8, 2008
Gunfire

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Police employee data by city agency, 2012
  2. ^ http://www.miami-police.org/docs/20100927%20Miami%20Police%20recognized%20by%20IACP.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.miami-police.org/docs/PD_Annual_Report_10.pdf
  4. ^ Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics, 2000: Data for Individual State and Local Agencies with 100 or More Officers
  5. ^ a b Office of Public Affairs (9 July 2013). "Justice Department Releases Investigative Findings on the City of Miami Police Department and Officer-involved Shootings". US Department of Justice. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  6. ^ a b http://media.miamiherald.com/smedia/2013/08/20/17/50/UzEX4.So.56.pdf
  7. ^ "Fallout Begins From DOJ Investigation Of Miami Police". CBS Miami. 9 July 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  8. ^ Weaver, Jay; McGrory, Kathleen; Ovalle, David (9 July 2013). "Justice Department finds Miami Police used excessive force in shootings Read more here: http://www.miamiherald.com/2013/07/09/3492011/justice-department-find-miami.html". Miami Herald. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  9. ^ Goode, Erica (10 July 2013). "Miami Police Department Is Accused of Pattern of Excessive Force". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  10. ^ http://miami.cbslocal.com/2013/08/13/exposito-wants-senate-investigation-of-doj-report-on-mpd-shootings/
  11. ^ http://www.thecrespogramreport.com/Site_10/TAKE_YOUR_REPORT_AND_SHOVE_IT.html
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ "The Officer Down Memorial Page". 

External links[edit]