Miami and Erie Canal Deep Cut

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Miami and Erie Canal, Deep Cut
DeepCut2008.JPG
Deep Cut in 2008
Miami and Erie Canal Deep Cut is located in Ohio
Miami and Erie Canal Deep Cut
Location Allen / Auglaize counties, Ohio, USA
Nearest city Spencerville, Ohio
Coordinates 40°41′15″N 84°21′55″W / 40.68750°N 84.36528°W / 40.68750; -84.36528Coordinates: 40°41′15″N 84°21′55″W / 40.68750°N 84.36528°W / 40.68750; -84.36528
Built 1825
Architect Unknown
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 66000603
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHL January 29, 1964[2]

The Miami and Erie Canal Deep Cut is a preserved, 6,600 feet (2,000 m) long, segment of the Miami and Erie Canal, United States. In order to avoid using locks to go over a ridge, the canal was dug deeply into the ridge, far more than the 5-foot (1.5 m) depth of the canal itself. Workers dug the canal bed up to 52 feet (16 m) into the blue clay ridge that separated the St. Marys and Auglaize River watersheds.[3] It is a United States National Historic Landmark.[2]

The Miami and Erie Canal was one of Ohio's two major artificial waterways. The canal stretched from Cincinnati to Toledo, by way of Dayton; the canal brought settlers into western Ohio and provided access to markets for farmers. The advent of railroads rendered the canal system obsolete.[4]

The Deep Cut is located two miles (3 km) south of Spencerville on State Route 66. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1964.[2][3] The boundaries of the National Historic Landmark area are State Route 66, Mendon Road, Route 66A, and Henne Road,[3] spanning the Allen/Auglaize county line.[5]

Deep Cut Historical Park[edit]

Part of the canal bed is preserved in Deep Cut Historical Park just outside of Spencerville, Ohio.


References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ a b c "Miami and Erie Canal Deep Cut". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  3. ^ a b c Joseph S. Mendinghall and S.S. Bradford (1974). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Miami and Erie "Deep Cut" Canal / Miami and Erie Canal PDF (32 KB). National Park Service.  and Accompanying six photos, from 1962 and 1974 PDF (32 KB)
  4. ^ Foster, Ellsworth D. and Hughes, James Laughlin (1922). The American Educator. Ralph Durham Company. p. 823. 
  5. ^ DeLorme. Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. 7th ed. Yarmouth: DeLorme, 2004, 45. ISBN 0-89933-281-1.

External links[edit]