Shehbaz Sharif

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Mian Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif
میاں محمد شہباز شریف
Shahbaz Sharif (cropped).jpg
17th Chief Minister of Punjab
Incumbent
Assumed office
6 June 2013
President Mamnoon Hussain
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Governor Mohammad Sarwar
Preceded by Najam Sethi
Majority Pakistan Muslim League (N) (PML-N)
In office
8 June 2008 – 26th March 2013
President Asif Ali Zardari
Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani
Raja Parvez Ashraf
Mir Hazar Khan Khoso
Governor Makhdoom Ahmed Mehmood
Latif Khosa
Salmaan Taseer
Preceded by Dost Muhammad Khosa
Succeeded by Najam Sethi
Constituency Bhakkar, Punjab Province
3rd President of Pakistan Muslim League (N)
In office
20 February 1997 – 12 October 1999
President Muhammad Rafiq Tarar
Farooq Leghari
Wasim Sajjad
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Governor Shahid Hamid
Zulfiqar Ali Khosa
Preceded by Mian Muhammad Afzal Hayat
1st Executive Vice President of Pakistan Muslim League (N)
In office
30 September 2002 – 27 July 2011
Vice President Ghaus Ali Shah
In office
12 October 1999 – 30 September 2002
President Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif
Personal details
Born Mian Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif
(1951-09-23) September 23, 1951 (age 62)
Lahore, Punjab Province, West-Pakistan
Nationality Pakistani
Political party Pakistan Muslim League (N) (PML-N)
Spouse(s) Begum Nusrat Shehbaz (1973–1993)
Aaliya Honey (1993-1994)
Tehmina Durrani(2003 – present)
Children Hamza Shehbaz Sharif, Salman Shehbaz Sharif, Rabia Imran
Residence Chief Minister House, Lahore (official)
Occupation Politician
Profession Businessman
Religion Islam

Mian Shehbaz Sharif (Punjabi, Urdu: مِیاں مُحَمَّد شَہباز شَرِیف‎, Miyāⁿ Muḥammad Šẹhbāz Šarīf, pronounced [miˈɑ̃ː mʊˈɦəm.məd̪ ʃɛhˈbɑːz ʃəˈriːf]; born September 23, 1951) is a Pakistani politician and a public figure who serves as the Chief Minister of Punjab, Pakistan. He is the longest serving Chief Minister of Punjab by holding the same office twice before between 1997 till 1999 and 2008 till 2013.

As the brother of Nawaz Sharif, current Prime Minister of Pakistan and President of Pakistan Muslim League (N), Shehbaz serves as the second person in charge of the party and presides over its provincial chapter of Punjab. Shehbaz after the 1999 Pakistani coup d'état, along with his entire family, was exiled to Saudi Arabia only to return to Pakistan in 2007.

He was elected to the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab in 1988 elections and National Assembly in 1990. He was again elected to the Punjab Assembly in 1993 and was named Leader of the Opposition in the house when Manzoor Wattoo was the chief minister of Punjab. After his election to the Punjab Assembly for the third time in 1997 elections, Shehbaz Sharif was elected leader of the house and sworn in as the chief minister of Punjab on February 20, 1997.

Family[edit]

Mian Shehbaz Sharif is the second son of Mian Muhammad Sharif. He is a joint owner of Ittefaq Group. He played a vital role in the success of Ittefaq Group. In 1973, Shehbaz Sharif married his first wife, Nusrat Shehbaz (نصرت شہباز). In 1993, Shehbaz Sharif married his second wife, Nargis Khosa. The third wife was Aaliya Honey (عالیہ ہنی).[1] He divorced her while in exile in Saudi Arabia and they have a daughter, Khadija Shehbaz. Shehbaz Sharif's fourth marriage is with Tehmina Durrani, the author of My Feudal Lord.[2] In 2012, Shehbaz Sharif married his fifth wife, Kalsoom Qureshi [3]

First term Chief Minister of Punjab[edit]

He was considered a strict and demanding administrator as the chief minister of Punjab. He received some criticism because he took charge of the office when his brother was the Prime Minister of Pakistan[citation needed] He was ousted along with his brother in the 1999 military coup, which brought Pervez Musharraf to power.[4]

Exile[edit]

Shehbaz Sharif lived in exile in London with his brother as a result of a deal he and his brother made with Pervez Musharraf, the exiled former Prime Minister Mian Nawaz Sharif after coming from Saudi Arabia. Although Sharif brothers initially denied the existence of any deal, but later admitted it.[5] The deal papers were made public in 2008. He once tried coming back to Pakistan following a High Court decision that he was free to come back whenever he wanted. On 11 May 2004 his plane landed at Allama Iqbal International Airport Lahore but he was arrested and again deported to Saudi Arabia within a few hours.

President of Pakistan Muslim League (N)[edit]

Mian Shehbaz Sharif was elected President of PML (N) on 3 August 2002 while in exile in Saudi Arabia. He was re-elected President of PML(N) for a second term on 2 August 2006.

Return to Pakistan[edit]

In August 2007, Supreme Court of Pakistan gave its verdict which allowed Nawaz Sharif to return to Pakistan.

On 7 September 2007, judge Shabbir Hussain Chatha ordered police to arrest Shehbaz Sharif, brother of Nawaz Sharif and produce him before the court, after the hearing in Lahore. The court ruled that "Shehbaz Sharif should be arrested (at) whichever airport he lands at." Nawaz Sharif too faces detention on the pair's planned return from exile to Pakistan on 10 September 2007, to challenge President Pervez Musharraf's 8-year military rule.[6]

His brother Mian Shehbaz Sharif changed return plans at the last minute.[7][8]

Sharif was not allowed to participate in the 2008 elections because of allegations against him. His son Hamza Shahbaz was supposed to run from a NA seat in Lahore but due to the death of a candidate the elections were postponed.

Second term as Chief Minister[edit]

On 8 June 2008, Shehbaz Sharif was elected as Chief Minister of Punjab, receiving 265 votes from the members of the 371-seat provincial assembly. He was the only candidate, and the Pakistan Muslim League-Q boycotted the vote. Speaking after his election, he called on Musharraf to resign.[9] He won a vote of confidence on 9 June, receiving 266 votes.[10]

His second term as Chief Minister lasted until 25 February 2009, when a three-member bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, headed by Justice Moosa K. Leghari, declared him ineligible to contest elections, took away his seat in the Punjab Assembly, and thereby removed him from office.[11] On 31 March 2009, a five-member larger bench of the Supreme Court overturned[12] an earlier decision of the apex court, in which Mian Nawaz Sharif and Shehbaz Sharif were disqualified from holding public office. As a result, Shehbaz Sharif returned to office as Chief Minister.

Some of the major projects initiated by Shehbaz Sharif during his second tern include

Chief Minister Shehbaz Sharif inaugurating an IT project
  • Punjab Educational Endowment Fund[13] a scholarship fund for students
  • Lahore Metro Bus System A 32 km Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system from Gajumata to Shahadra,
  • Danish Schools is a free education project to provide top class education to the less fortunate in Pakistan
  • Ashiana Housing Schemes[14] Affordable Housing for low income families with modern facilities in Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Sargodha, Gujranwala & other cities of Punjab.
  • e-Youth Initiative[15] to provide free laptops to 100 thousand brilliant students studying at public sector colleges & universities and high achievers of the Boards of Punjab in Matriculation Examinations
  • Foresic Science Laboratory at Lahore[16] Establishing of Punjab Forensic Science Agency and a state of the art forensic lab
  • Punjab Youth Internship Program[17] A program to equip 50,000 unemployed youth with productive skills in Punjab. A monthly stipend of Rs 10,000 will be paid to the interns.
  • Plan9 - Tech Incubator[18] A program designed to accelerate the successful development of entrepreneurial companies through an array of business support resources and services
  • Lahore Waste Management Company[19] An Integrated Solid Waste Management project with collaboration of Turkish contractors for the city of Lahore to serve as a model for other areas in Punjab.
  • The Punjab Model of Proactive Governance[20] A system to proactively seek feedback from consumers of government services using call centers, text messages and phone calls. The project has been supported and funded by the World Bank.[21]

Shehbaz Sharif is well respected internationally including China, Germany and Turkey. Their government functionaries are impressed by his governance of the Punjab province.[22] He is acknowledged even by his opponents as an outstanding administrator for his role in making Punjab a model of good governance.[23]

Fight against Dengue[edit]

In 2011 there was a Dengue fever outbreak in Punjab. The total number of reported patients was 17,352, with loss of 252 lives in district Lahore only. The Punjab government under chief minister Shehbaz Sharif took radical and drastic measures[24] to bring this menace completely under control. In 2012 only 182 confirmed cases were reported in district Lahore with zero mortality. The achievement was recognized and appreciated by Sri Lankan and other foreign experts.[25]

Third term as Chief Minister[edit]

On 6 June 2013, Shehbaz Sharif was elected Chief Minister of Punjab for a third term with more than two-thirds majority. He secured 300 votes while his opponent Mian Mahmoodur Rashid of PTI got 34 votes.[26]

2014 Lahore Massacre[edit]

The 2014 Lahore clash,[27][28] more commonly known as the Model Town tragedy or the Lahore massacre (Urdu: سانحہ ماڈل ٹاؤن‎),[29] or simply Lahore incident, was a violent clash that ensued between the Punjab Police and Pakistan Awami Tehreek activists on 17 June 2014 resulting in 14 protesters being killed with 100+ wounded by the police gunfire.[30] The standoff lasted for almost 11 hours when the police′s anti-encroachment squad launched an operation to remove the barriers from the road leading to the offices of Minhaj-ul-Quran and the residence of PAT founder Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri in Model Town, Lahore.

The incident was broadcast live on various local news channels[31] and there were conflicting accounts of how the standoff began.[32] Police claimed that they were attacked by people inside the PAT secretariat, a claim that is denied by party chief Qadri. In the live footage broadcast on television, the policemen were shown firing assault rifles and lobbing tear gas canisters at the protesting masses while the protesters threw stones at the police.[32]

Qadri strongly condemned the attack and called it the worst form of state terrorism. Qadri vowed to avenge the deaths of his political workers by bringing about a revolution that would hasten the end of the rule of prime minister Nawaz Sharif and his brother Shehbaz Sharif.[33][34]

Sharif denied any knowledge of the police operation and claimed complete ignorance of the bloodshed. His opponents ridiculed him for not knowing about the incident despite the live broadcast that covered the "bloody episode that continued for hours".

On 19 June 2014, it was reported that several police officials went to a hospital where the wounded were being treated and altered the medico-legal certificates of injured police officials to show "fake bullet injuries" in order to justify their claim that PAT workers also shot at the police.[35] Qadri accused the provincial government of tampering with the evidence in the hospital records and denied that his party workers had any arms at all. He also asked the police to produce the confiscated weapons before the media in order to prove their claim.[35]

Shehbaz Sharif lead provincial Government of Punjab and Punjab Police refused to register an FIR by Pakistan Awami Tehreek against Shehbaz Sharif and then Law Minister Rana Sanaullah. PAT filed an application to Session Court of Lahore for registration of FIR and court ruled, on 16 August 2014, to register an FIR against Chief Minister Shehbaz Sharif, his brother Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, then Law Minister Punjab Rana Sanaullah and 18 others.[36] Lahore High Court upheld the decision of Sessions Court on 26 August 2014 to register the FIR against Shehbaz Sharif and 20 other accused.[37] Shehbaz Sharif in an earlier statement offered to register FIR but refused to resign from his post as Chief Minister of Punjab.[38]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Omer Farooq Khan (10 April 2010). "Muslim law and Pakistan". Times of India. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  2. ^ "Shehbaz confirms marriage to Tehmina". Daily Times. 24 February 2005. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  3. ^ https://www.facebook.com/Syed.Talat.Hussain/posts/153212291484739
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ Shahzad, Syed Saleem (26 January 2008). "Sharif picked to tame Pakistan's militancy". Asia Times. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  6. ^ Pakistan court orders arrest of Sharif's brother. Channelnewsasia.com (27 March 2013). Retrieved on 28 April 2013.
  7. ^ US says ex-Pakistani premier Sharif's deportation an "internal matter". Channelnewsasia.com (27 March 2013). Retrieved on 28 April 2013.
  8. ^ Kumar, Arun (11 September 2007) US denies hand in Sharif deportation. Muslim World News
  9. ^ "Former Pak PM's brother elected provincial chief executive". People's Daily Online. Xinhua. 9 June 2008. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  10. ^ "CM Shehbaz Sharif gets Vote of Confidence", Pakistan Times, 10 June 2008.
  11. ^ Pakistan faces instability as Sharif disqualified. The China Post (2009-02-26). Retrieved on 2012-04-07.
  12. ^ Court clears the way for Nawaz Sharif to return to power The Telegraph (2009-03-31)
  13. ^ Punjab Education Endowment Fund
  14. ^ PML(N) Achievements
  15. ^ Youth Development Programme
  16. ^ Punjab Forensic Science Agency
  17. ^ Punjab Youth Internship Program
  18. ^ Plan9 Tech Incubator
  19. ^ Lahore Waste Management Company
  20. ^ [2], Punjab Model for Proactive Governance: New anti-corruption drive makes waves, The Express Tribune (2012-02-19).
  21. ^ [3], Pakistan: Enhancing Service Delivery in Districts across Punjab.
  22. ^ Nawaz, Shehbaz most popular leaders Pakistan Observer
  23. ^ Shehbaz Deserves Better The Nation (2012-11-03)
  24. ^ [4], Combating Dengue
  25. ^ Dengue under control: Health department The News International (2012-10-18)
  26. ^ [5], Shehbaz Sworn in as CM Punjab for Third Time, Dawn.com
  27. ^ Tanveer, Rana (20 June 2014). "Lahore clashes: Will accept only JIT with ISI, IB, MI reps, says Qadri". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  28. ^ "Pakistan: Eight die as Lahore police clash with Qadri supporters". BBC News. 17 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  29. ^ Tanveer, Rana; Manan, Abdul (21 June 2014). "The axe falls: Heads finally roll over Model Town tragedy". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  30. ^ Gillani, Waqar (17 June 2014). "7 Killed as Pakistan Police Clash With Preacher’s Followers". New York Times. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  31. ^ "PPP, MQM resolutions condemn Lahore killings". The News International. 20 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  32. ^ a b Nauman, Qasim (17 June 2014). "Pakistan Police Clash With Supporters of Canada-Based Cleric". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  33. ^ "State Terrorism will not be tolerated: Qadri". The News International. 17 June 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  34. ^ "Qadri vows to take revenge by revolution". The Nation. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  35. ^ a b Tanveer, Rana (19 June 2014). "Pakistan Awami Tehrik chief rejects judicial commission". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  36. ^ "Model Town tragedy: Court rules case be registered against Nawaz, Shahbaz and 19 others". DAWN. 16 August 2014. Retrieved 17 August 2014. 
  37. ^ Ghumman, Tauqir (26 August 2014). "Model Town violence: LHC upholds decision to file FIR against PM, 20 others". DAWN. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  38. ^ Haider, Mateen (25 August 2014). "Shahbaz agrees to Model Town FIR registration, refuses to resign: sources". DAWN. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mian Muhammad Afzal Hayat
Chief Minister of Punjab
1997–1999
Succeeded by
Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi
Preceded by
Dost Muhammad Khosa
2nd term
2008–2009
Succeeded by
Salmaan Taseer (Governor's Rule)
Preceded by
Salmaan Taseer
(Restored)
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Najam Sethi
Party political offices
Preceded by
Nawaz Sharif
President of the Pakistan Muslim League (N)
2002–2011
Succeeded by
Nawaz Sharif