|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2009)|
Thal Canal Mianwali City
|• MNA's||NA71 Ubaid Ullah Khan Shadikhel, NA72 Amjid Ali Khan|
|Elevation||210 m (690 ft)|
|• Total||110,359 (2,009 estimated)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
In November 1901, present day tehsils of Mianwali, Isa Khel and Piplan were separated from Bannu District and districts Bhakkar and Layyah from Dera Ismail Khan District and clubbed together to form a new district named Mianwali with its headquarters in Mianwali city. The municipal committee was founded in December 1903 and has remained operational since then.
The city has an FM radio station (FM 93), municipal library, sports complex, hockey stadium and a football stadium. There are several educational institutions from elementary to post-graduate level. Mianwali is home to Namal College which is approximately 30 km away from the city. It is a University of Bradford accredited institute providing quality higher education to underprivileged youth.
The city has an airport built near the old World War II aerodrome and known as PAF Base Mianwali. It is one of the major operational and training air bases of the country. The No. 1 Fighter Conversion Unit of the PAF is stationed here.
The main highways connecting to the other parts of the country include the Sargodha–Lahore road [N–60], MM Road (Mianwali–Muzaffargarh road), Talagang–Rawalpindi road, and the Kalabagh–Bannu road [N–60].
Mianwali District was agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic period is characterized by Indo-Aryan culture that invaded from Central Asia and settled in Punjab region. In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.
Before the British rule, the area formed an integral portion of the Graeco-Bactrian Empire of Kabul and the Punjab. During British rule, the Indian empire was subdivided into provinces, divisions and districts; afterward, the independence of Pakistan divisions remained the third tier of government until 2000. The British had made the town of Mianwali as tehsil headquarters of Bannu District then part of Dera Ismail Khan Division of Punjab province. The population of Mianwali, according to the 1901 census of India, was 3,591.
In November 1901, the North-West Frontier Province was carved out of Punjab and the tehsils of Mianwali and Isa Khel, and were separated from Bannu District (Bannu became part of NWFP). A new district was made with the headquarters in Mianwali city and placed in Punjab. The district became a part of Rawalpindi Division. There were four tehsils: Mianwali, Isa Khel, Bhakkar, and Layyah. Layyah was included in the Muzaffargarh District in 1909. The district became a part of Sargodha Division in 1961. Bhakkar Tehsil was separated from Mianwali and was made a separate district inside Sargodha Division w.e.f. 01-07-1982.
The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Mianwali district.
As per the 1998 census of Pakistan, the following are the demographics of the Mianwali district, by spoken language:
Though Mianwali is claimed an integral part of the Seraiki speaking belt by the Seraiki language activists, Punjabi-Seraiki division seems to hold little influence on common people in this district. According to 1998 census three fourths (74.2 percent) of the population named their spoken language as Punjabi while only 12 per cent answered that they speak Seraiki.
Inhabitants of Mianwali district speak a great variety of Punjabi dialects.
- Jandali/Rohi (central parts of the district)
- Awankari (northern parts)
- Shapuri (easteren parts)
- Thalochi (southern parts in desert areas)
- Majhi or standard (sizeable population in cities)
Other languages include:
- Pashto which is spoken by sizeable population in the Khyber Pakhtookhawa province border areas and in the cities.
- Urdu, while being the mother tongue of few, is spoken and understood by the majority of the population.
- English is understood and spoken by few, mainly the educated population.
- Amir Mohammad Khan
- Imran Khan Niazi
- Maulana Kausar Niazi
- Amir Abdullah Khan Rokhri
- Abdul Sattar Khan Niazi
- Attaullah Khan Esakhelvi
- Sher Afgan Niazi
- Samiullah Khan
- Lt. General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi
- Humair Hayat Khan Rokhri
- "Gazetteer of the Mianwali district 1915" by Sang-e-Meel Publications, Lahore, Pakistan
- "Tareekh-e-Niazi Qabail"
- "Wichara Watan" By Harish Chander Nakra, New Delhi, India
- Henry George Raverty, Notes on Afghanistan and Baluchistan" (Indus Publications, Karachi)
- A Glossary of the tribes & castes of Punjab by H. A Rose
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mianwali". Encyclopædia Britannica 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.