Michał Drzymała

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The grave of Michał Drzymała in Miasteczko Krajeńskie

Michał Drzymała (13 September 1857 in Dorf und Rittergut Zdroj near Grätz (Grodzisk Wielkopolski), Kingdom of Prussia - 25 April 1937 in Grabówno near Miasteczko Krajeńskie, Poland) was a Polish peasant, living in the Greater Poland region (or the Grand Duchy of Posen) under the Prussian rule. He is a Polish folk hero because, after he was denied permission to build a house on his own land (only because he was Polish) by the Prussian authorities in the village of Kaisertreu, he bought a circus wagon and turned it into his home. At the time, Prussian law considered any dwelling a house if it remained stationary for more than 24 hours. Drzymała use the mobility of the wagon to exploit the law and to avoid the negative consequences by moving the wagon each day and thus preventing the Prussians the ability to penalize him. His dwelling became known as Drzymała's wagon (Wóz Drzymały), and gained notoriety when this case was described by the Polish and European newspapers, making fun of the Prussian state, and energizing the Poles living under the Prussian authority against it.

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