Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki
(Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki)
|Portrait of King Michael by Marcello Bacciarelli|
Grand Duke of Lithuania
|Reign||June 19, 1669 – November 10, 1673|
|Coronation||September 29, 1669|
|Predecessor||John II Casimir Vasa|
|Successor||John III Sobieski|
|Spouse||Eleonora Maria of Austria|
|Mother||Gryzelda Konstancja Zamoyska|
May 31, 1640|
Biały Kamień, Poland (now Ukraine)
|Died||November 10, 1673
Lwów, Poland (now Ukraine)
|Burial||Wawel Cathedral, Świętokrzyska Chapel (buried on January 31, 1676)|
Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki or Michael I (Polish: Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki, Lithuanian: Mykolas I Kaributas Višnioveckis; May 31, 1640 – November 10, 1673), son of Jeremi Wiśniowiecki and his wife Gryzelda Konstancja Zamoyska, was ruler of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from September 29, 1669, to his death in 1673.
- Official Latin version: Michael I, Dei Gratia rex Poloniae, magnus dux Lithuaniae, Russiae, Prussiae, Masoviae, Samogitiae, Livoniae, Smolensciae, Kijoviae, Volhyniae, Podoliae, Podlachiae, Severiae, Czernichoviaeque, etc.
(citation from one contemporary document: "Michael primvs, Dei gratia rex Poloniae, magnus dvx Lituaniae, Russiae, Prussiae, Masouiae, Samogitiae, Kiiouiae, Volhyniae, Podlachiae, Podoliae, Liuoniae, Smolensciae, Seueriae Czernihouiaeque etc")
- English translation: Michael I, by the Grace of God, King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania, Ruthenia, Prussia, Masovia, Samogitia, Livonia, Smolensk, Kiev, Volhynia, Podolia, Podlaskie, Severia and Chernihiv, etc.
Following the abdication of King John II Casimir Vasa and the end of The Deluge, the Polish nobility elected Michał to the Polish throne. Michał was the son of a successful but controversial military commander, Jeremi Michał Wiśniowiecki, known for his ruthless actions against Bohdan Chmielnicki's Uprising.
Michał Wiśniowiecki's reign was less than successful. His father's military fame notwithstanding, Michał lost a war against the Turks, who occupied Podolia (see Polish–Ottoman War (1672–1676)) He was unable to cope with his responsibilities and with Poland's quarreling factions. After his death, John Sobieski was elected King of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and crowned as John III.
- Ilona Czamańska, Wiśniowieccy. Monografia rodu, Poznań 2007, p .249,
- Lerski Historical Dictionary of Poland, 966-1945 1996 -p654 "In the seventeenth century, members of the family held the most important posts in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth,* and Michal Korybut Wisniowiecki* was elected King of Poland"
- Poczet.com, Michał Korybut Wisniowiecki.
- www.wladcy.myslenice.net, Michał I Tomasz Wiśniowiecki herbu Korybut.
Media related to Michał Korybut Wisniowiecki at Wikimedia Commons
Michał Korybut WiśniowieckiBorn: 31 May 1640 Died: 10 November 1673
Title last held byJohn II Casimir Vasa
|King of Poland
Grand Duke of Lithuania
Title next held byJohn III Sobieski