Michael A. Hess
|Michael A. Hess|
July 5, 1952
Sean Ross Abbey, Roscrea, Ireland
|Died||August 15, 1995
Washington D.C., USA
He was born Anthony Lee to Philomena Lee in Ireland, and spent his first years of life in a convent before being adopted by Marge and Doc Hess of St Louis, Missouri. The issues surrounding his adoption are controversial, as part of a program of forced adoptions practiced by some Catholic religious orders in Ireland at the time, and his story was later told in British journalist Martin Sixsmith's book The Lost Child of Philomena Lee, and subsequently in the film Philomena.
Hess's birth mother was Philomena Lee. Lee became pregnant at age 18 at a local carnival by a man named John who worked for the post office. She was then sent to the Sean Ross Abbey, a place for unwed mothers, in Roscrea in Ireland. After she gave birth to Hess, she was able to be with her child until she was 22 and he was three while living in the Abbey. As was common practice in Ireland at the time, the church sold him to a Catholic family in the United States. Lee did not know where her son was sent by the nuns when she left the Abbey after being forced into signing the adoption papers.
He made three visits to Ireland to try to find his mother but was unsuccessful in persuading the sisters to divulge any information. He requested that his ashes be buried at the convent where he was born in the hope that his mother would eventually be able to find his grave. Hess never learned who his mother was. In the 2000s, journalist Martin Sixsmith, working with Lee, discovered that Hess was Lee's son.
He did not publicly acknowledge his homosexuality, particularly in his professional life. He died of AIDS, although this was not mentioned at the memorial service held for him. Hess's partner for the last 15 years of his life was Steve Dahllof. Dahllof credited the book The Lost Child of Philomena Lee with "about a three out of 10, in terms of accuracy", while the movie Philomena, "in accuracy of spirit, is 10 out of 10."
Hess became deputy chief legal counsel to the Republican National Committee, eventually rising to chief legal counsel. He was an important figure in the redistricting battles of the late 1980s and early 1990s, and was admired for his integrity and pursuit of justice on this issue.
The program of forced adoptions by some ecclesiastical authorities in Ireland and elsewhere during the 1950s has raised considerable debate, and the Michael Hess case has further highlighted this. Much of the paperwork relating to this program was later destroyed, and access to adoption archives has been cut off.
A film portraying Hess's adoption and his mother's later search for him was released in 2013. Philomena, directed by Stephen Frears and based on the book The Lost Child of Philomena Lee, starred Judi Dench as his mother; Sean Mahon as Hess, and Steve Coogan as Martin Sixsmith, the journalist who helped Philomena in her search.
- Sixsmith, Martin (August 11, 2011). The Lost Child of Philomena Lee: A Mother, Her Son and a Fifty Year Search. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-74427-1. Retrieved 2014-08-09. (subscription required (. ))
- Sixsmith, Martin (18 September 2009). "The Catholic church sold my child". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-09-08.
- Midgette, Anne. "The real Philomena Lee finds Hollywood ending to adoption story". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-08-09.
- Bernstein, Jacob (10 January 2014). "Searching for Philomena’s Real Son". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-08-09.
- Fosmoe, Margaret (15 January 2014). "Lost boy in 'Philomena' was 1974 ND graduate". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved 2014-01-15.
- Sixmith, Martin (26 September 2009). "Stolen from his mother - and sold to the highest bidder". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2014-08-09.
- Todd S. Purdum (20 January 2014). "Philomena and the back story of a D.C. insider". Politico. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- Grofman, Bernard, ed. (1 January 2003). Race and Redistricting in the 1990s. Algora Publishing. ISBN 978-0-875-86265-1. Retrieved 2014-08-09. (subscription required (. ))
- "Magdalene laundries support scheme unveiled". BBC News. 26 June 2013. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
- Daley, Suzanne; Dalby, Douglas (29 November 2013). "A Forced Adoption, a Lifetime Quest and a Longing That Never Waned". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-01-25.