Michael Chang

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For the Anglican Bishop of Fukien, see Michael Chang (bishop). For the Hong Kong horse trainer, see Michael C. W. Chang. For the Glee character, see Mike Chang.
Michael Chang
Michael Chang.jpg
Country  United States
Residence Orange County, California, USA
Born (1972-02-22) February 22, 1972 (age 42)
Hoboken, New Jersey, USA
Height 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)
Turned pro 1988
Retired 2003
Plays Right-handed (two-handed backhand)
Coach(es) José Higueras (1989)[1]
Carl Chang (1992–2003)[2]
Prize money

$19,145,632

Int. Tennis HOF 2008 (member page)
Singles
Career record 662–312 (68% at ATP, Grand Prix & Grand Slam level & Davis Cup)
Career titles 34
Highest ranking No. 2 (September 9, 1996)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open F (1996)
French Open W (1989)
Wimbledon QF (1994)
US Open F (1996)
Other tournaments
Tour Finals F (1995)
Olympic Games 2R (1992)
Doubles
Career record 11–33 (25% at ATP, Grand Prix & Grand Slam level & Davis Cup)
Career titles 0
Highest ranking No. 199 (April 19, 1993)
Coaching career
Last updated on: July 5, 2014.
Michael Chang
Traditional Chinese 張德培

Michael Te-Pei Chang (born February 22, 1972) is an American tennis player. He became the youngest male player to win a Grand Slam singles title when he won the French Open in 1989 at the age of 17 years and 4 months.

Known for his on-court speed and fighting spirit, Chang is considered by many observers to have been one of the best defensive baseliners of all time. He also introduced the jumping two-handed backhand. He remained in the top 10 of the ATP world rankings for several years in the 1990s, peaking at World No. 2 in September 1996.

Chang was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2008.[3]

As of January 2014, Chang is coaching Kei Nishikori.[4] who advanced into the U.S.Final in the same year.

Early life[edit]

Chang was born in Hoboken, New Jersey in 1972 to Joe (張洪笙) and Betty (董良因, née Tung). Betty and Joe moved from Taiwan to the US in 1959 and 1966 respectively. The parents met in the United States after being introduced by a mutual friend. Betty was born in Delhi, India as the daughter of Michael Tung (董宗山), then serving as diplomat of The Republic of China to India. Michael then served in the Legislative Yuan and was an Ambassador to Cambodia and Dominic Republic/Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, among other diplomatic posts in 1960s to 1980s. Joe was born in Chaozhou, China, and moved to Taiwan at age seven. Michael's Chinese name (simplified Chinese: 张德培; traditional Chinese: 張德培; pinyin: Zhāng Dépéi) was chosen by Joe, and his English name by Betty (who named him after her father).

After moving from Hoboken, New Jersey, to St. Paul, Minnesota, where Michael learned tennis, the Changs moved to first Placentia, California, and then Encinitas, California, to increase the tennis opportunities for Michael and his older brother, Carl. Betty quit her job as a chemist to travel with Chang on the tour.[5] After rising to #163 in the world as a 15-year-old amateur, Chang dropped out of tenth grade at San Dieguito High School in Encinitas after passing his GED in February 1988 in order to pursue a professional tennis career.

Chang also attended the master's in ministry program at Biola University in La Mirada, California, for a year and half. He serves on Biola's Board of Trustees.[6]

Tennis career[edit]

Chang first came to the tennis world's attention as an outstanding junior player who set numerous "youngest-ever" records. He won his first national title, the USTA Junior Hard Court singles, at the age of 12. Aged 13, he won the Fiesta Bowl 16s. Two years later, aged 15, Chang won the USTA Boys 18s Hardcourts and the Boys 18s Nationals, and became the youngest player to win a main draw match at the US Open when he defeated Paul McNamee in four sets in the first round. A month later he reached the semifinals at Scottsdale, Arizona to become the youngest player to reach the semifinal stage of a top-level professional tournament. He won his first top-level singles title in 1988 at San Francisco, aged 16 years and 7 months.

Chang's most significant youngest-ever record came in 1989 when he won the French Open at the age of 17 years, 110 days, to become the youngest male player ever to win a Grand Slam title. He defeated Stefan Edberg in a five-set final, 6–1, 3–6, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2. His victory is equally remembered for an epic five-set encounter with Ivan Lendl in the fourth round (see below). Chang became the first American man to win the French Open since 1955, and the first American man to win a Grand Slam since 1984. And in August 1989, Chang became the youngest player to be ranked in the world's top 5.

Chang met Edberg in the semifinals of the US Open in 1992, this time Edberg winning in a five-set encounter, 6–7, 7–5, 7–6, 5–7, 6–4. The 5-hour, 26-minute match was the longest in US Open history. Chang reached three further Grand Slam finals after his 1989 French Open triumph, losing the 1995 French Open final to Thomas Muster, the 1996 Australian Open final to Boris Becker, and the 1996 US Open final to Pete Sampras. In the 1995 French Open, he defeated Michael Stich and then two-time defending champion Sergi Bruguera in the semifinals in straight sets, eventually losing to Muster. In both the 1996 Australian and U.S. Opens, he defeated Andre Agassi in the semifinals in straight sets; a win over Sampras at the U.S. Open would have made Chang the no. 1 player in the world. In the 1997 U.S. Open, he was the odds-on favorite to win after Sampras was upset by Petr Korda; however, Chang lost to eventual champion Patrick Rafter in the semifinals in straight sets.

Chang was a key member of the US team which won the Davis Cup in 1990. In the semifinals at Austria, his dramatic comeback from two-sets down against Horst Skoff, 3–6, 6–7, 6–4, 6–4, 6–3, led the US into its first Davis Cup final since 1984.[7] Chang went on to defeat Darren Cahill in straight sets, as the US defeated Australia in the final. He was also on the US team which won the World Team Cup in 1993. His best performance in the year-end singles championship came in 1995, when he defeated Muster, Jim Courier, and then dominated Pete Sampras in the semifinals, before losing in the final to Boris Becker.

Chang represented the US in the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, reaching the second round before being eliminated by Jaime Oncins. He chose to skip the 1996 Summer Olympics despite the fact that the event was held in Atlanta and that he would have been the tournament's number-one seed (the singles' gold medal was won by Andre Agassi). Chang participated in the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, where he was eliminated in the first round.

Chang was introduced to tennis by his father Joe, who was his first coach. During his rise in 1989 (including his French Open title), he was coached by José Higueras. For much of his professional career, he was coached by his older brother Carl Chang, who also played in several doubles tournaments with him in the early-1990s. He was the first player to be beaten by Roger Federer in the main draw of a Grand Slam tournament, at the 2000 Australian Open.[8] He was also the second player to be beaten by Andy Roddick in the main draw of a Grand Slam tournament, in the second round of the French Open in 2001.[9]

Chang retired from the professional tour in 2003. During his career, he won a total of 34 top-level professional singles titles. His final top-level title was won in 2000 at Los Angeles. His total career prize-money earnings was US$19,145,632. His career-high singles ranking was world no. 2 in 1996, following his US Open finals performance. He was a year-end top-ten player for six consecutive years in the 1990s (1992–1997), a feat matched in the decade only by Pete Sampras. He is one of a few players to win ATP titles in three different decades. His three Indian Wells Masters titles was an ATP record which stood for 15 years, before being eclipsed by Roger Federer in 2012.

Since retiring from the top-level game, Chang has joined Jim Courier's senior tour, which began on March 10, 2006 in Naples, Florida.

Chang became Kei Nishikori's coach in 2014.

1989 French Open match vs Ivan Lendl[edit]

Chang's most famous match took place at the 1989 French Open (on the way to winning his only Grand Slam singles title). In the fourth round, he faced World No. 1, reigning Australian Open champion, and three-time former French Open champion Ivan Lendl. Conventional wisdom made Lendl the heavy favorite to win the match against the 15th-seeded 17-year-old Chang.

Lendl appeared to be on the way to victory after taking the first two sets 6–4, 6–4, and then breaking Chang's serve in his opening service game of the third set. However, Chang broke back immediately and went on to claim the third set, 6–3. During the fourth set, Chang experienced a severe attack of leg cramps, and though he won the set to level the match, he considered retiring from the match while up 2–1 in the fifth set. He later said that he felt "an unbelievable conviction in my heart" not to give up, and decided to finish the match.[10][11]

Chang adopted some unusual tactics in an attempt to overcome his cramps. He hit the ball high into the air on many points to slow the game down (known as "moon balls"), and also began to go for more winners in order to shorten the points.[12] Chang also ate bananas and drank water at every opportunity. The success of these tactics caused Lendl, known to be one of the least easily fazed players, to lose his rhythm, and also prompted him to swear at the umpire and the crowd, especially after losing a key point in the fifth set when Chang shocked him by delivering an under-arm serve.[13]

Chang continued to suffer from cramps, but managed to take a 5–3 lead in the fifth set with two match points on Lendl's serve. Aiming to break Lendl's concentration one more time, Chang stood well inside the baseline, almost at the T-line in the centre of the court while waiting to receive Lendl's serve. The crowd started laughing at the bizarre situation, and Lendl seemed to think everyone was mocking him. The tactic worked, as Lendl produced a double-fault to give Chang the victory, 4–6, 4–6, 6–3, 6–3, 6–3, in 4 hours and 37 minutes. Chang sank to his knees and broke down in tears at the conclusion of the match. Seven days later, he went on to lift the Coupe des Mousquetaires, becoming the youngest male champion in Grand Slam history.[14][15]

The match was played on June 5, 1989, just one day after the height of the Tiananmen Square Massacre. Chang has frequently noted the impact of the massacre when recalling his French Open victory:

"A lot of people forget that Tiananmen Square was going on. The crackdown that happened was on the middle Sunday at the French Open, so if I was not practicing or playing a match, I was glued to the television, watching the events unfold...I often tell people I think it was God's purpose for me to be able to win the French Open the way it was won because I was able to put a smile on Chinese people's faces around the world at a time when there wasn't much to smile about."[16]

(Note: Chang and Lendl played a similar match in a semifinal of the 1991 Grand Slam Cup, where Chang again came back from two sets down and won 2–6, 4–6, 6–4, 7–6, 9–7.)

Business ventures[edit]

Chang and his family established CMCB Enterprises, which has real estate holdings (including shopping centers) in California, Texas, Arizona and Colorado. In 2003, they bought Dunton Realty Co., a retail brokerage and property management company[17] and changed its name to Dunton Commercial Real Estate Co.[18] In 2004, they bought SullivanHayes Cos., a retail real estate company in Denver.[19] The company was chosen by Denver International Airport to develop a new 17-acre retail project along Peña Boulevard, the airport's main artery.[20]

Equipment and endorsements[edit]

Chang signed a multi-million dollar endorsement deal with Reebok in 1988;[21] he wore Reebok apparel and Reebok Court Victory Pumps shoes[22] during his tennis career[23] and used Prince rackets on court.[24] He started using Prince "Precision Michael Chang Graphite" 28-inch signature racket in 1994, which was 1 inch longer than the standard model.[25]

Chang signed endorsement deals with Nissin Foods noodles in 1989,[26] Panasonic[27] and Longines in the 1990s,[28] Cathay Pacific Airlines in 1990,[29] Bristol-Myers Squibb promoting Nuprin in 1991,[30] Stelux watches in 1993,[31] Discover Card in 1996,[32] Tiger Balm,[33] Procter & Gamble (endorsing P&G's Rejoice Shampoo),[34] Eveready Battery Company (endorsing Eveready Alkaline batteries),[34] and Yale locks.[21] In 1997, he signed a multi-year contract to endorse Watch Reebok, a collection of sports watches. A limited edition Michael Chang signature watch was released during Christmas.[35]

Public image[edit]

Chang's success marked the start of an era in which a new generation of American players—which also included Pete Sampras, Jim Courier, and Andre Agassi—would come to dominate the game.[14]

Charity work[edit]

Chang served as Chairman of ATP Tour Charities in 1994. He has supported grassroots tennis development in Asia through his Stars of the Future program in Hong Kong and the Reebok Challenge across Asia. He was one of five athletes named in the second annual "Most Caring Athlete" list by USA Today Weekend in 1995. In 1997, he was given one of seven Asian-American leadership awards by A Magazine for his status as a role model for Asian-American youth. He has also served as a national spokesman for the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation in the US.

In 2001, Chang served as a goodwill ambassador for the 2008 Beijing Olympic bid committee. In 2002, Chang published a book about his career, Holding Serve: Persevering On and Off the Court.

Personal life[edit]

A devout Christian, Chang first spotlit his faith upon winning the 1989 French Open, declaring "I thank the Lord Jesus Christ, because without Him, I am nothing."[36] In 1999 Chang and his family established the Chang Family Foundation, dedicated to integrating tennis, family, and Christian faith. The Foundation is now based in Rancho Santa Margarita, California.[37]

Chang lives in Orange County, California. He is an avid fisherman who often takes fishing trips while traveling. He also has a passion for breeding African cichlids in several large freshwater aquariums at his home.
On October 18, 2008, Chang married Amber Liu, also a professional tennis player.[38][39] They have two daughters, Lani (born December 9, 2010)[40] and Maile (born February 2013).[41]

Awards and recognition[edit]

On May 3, 2009, Chang was honored by the Los Angeles Chinese Historical Society of Southern California in "Celebrating Taiwanese Americans in Sports".[42]

Records[edit]

  • These records were attained in the Open Era of tennis.
Championship Years Record accomplished Player tied
French Open 1989 Youngest Grand Slam men's singles champion Stands alone
French Open 1989 Only Asian-rooted Male to win Grand Slam men's singles champion Stands alone

Major finals[edit]

Grand Slam finals[edit]

Singles: 4 (1–3)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1989 French Open Clay Sweden Stefan Edberg 6–1, 3–6, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
Runner-up 1995 French Open Clay Austria Thomas Muster 5–7, 2–6, 4–6
Runner-up 1996 Australian Open Hard Germany Boris Becker 2–6, 4–6, 6–2, 2–6
Runner-up 1996 US Open Hard United States Pete Sampras 1–6, 4–6, 6–7(3–7)

Year-End Championships finals[edit]

Singles: 1 (0–1)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1995 Frankfurt Carpet Germany Boris Becker 6–7(3–7), 0–6, 6–7(5–7)

Masters Series finals[edit]

Singles: 9 (7–2)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1990 Canada (Toronto) Hard United States Jay Berger 4–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–2)
Winner 1992 Indian Wells Hard Russia Andrei Chesnokov 6–3, 6–4, 7–5
Winner 1992 Key Biscayne Hard Argentina Alberto Mancini 7–5, 7–5
Winner 1993 Cincinnati Hard Sweden Stefan Edberg 7–5, 0–6, 6–4
Winner 1994 Cincinnati Hard Sweden Stefan Edberg 6–2, 7–5
Runner-up 1995 Cincinnati Hard United States Andre Agassi 5–7, 2–6
Winner 1996 Indian Wells Hard Netherlands Paul Haarhuis 7–5, 6–1, 6–1
Runner-up 1996 Cincinnati Hard United States Andre Agassi 6–7(4–7), 4–6
Winner 1997 Indian Wells Hard Czech Republic Bohdan Ulihrach 4–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–3

Grand Slam, Grand Prix, and ATP Tour career finals[edit]

Singles: 58 (34–24)[edit]

Legend
Grand Slam (1)
Year-End Championships (0)
ATP Masters Series (7)
ATP Championship Series (5)
ATP World Series / Grand Prix (21)
Titles by surface
Hard (21)
Clay (4)
Grass (0)
Carpet (9)
Outcome No. Date Championship Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1. September 26, 1988 San Francisco, US Carpet United States Johan Kriek 6–2, 6–3
Winner 2. May 29, 1989 French Open, Paris Clay Sweden Stefan Edberg 6–1, 3–6, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
Runner-up 1. September 18, 1989 Los Angeles, US Hard United States Aaron Krickstein 6–2, 4–6, 2–6
Winner 3. November 7, 1989 Wembley, UK Carpet France Guy Forget 6–2, 6–1, 6–1
Winner 4. July 23, 1990 Toronto, Canada Hard United States Jay Berger 4–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–2)
Runner-up 2. July 30, 1990 Los Angeles, US Hard Sweden Stefan Edberg 6–7(4–7), 6–2, 6–7(3–7)
Runner-up 3. November 5, 1990 Wembley, UK Carpet Switzerland Jakob Hlasek 6–7(7–9), 3–6
Winner 5. November 4, 1991 Birmingham, UK Carpet France Guillaume Raoux 6–3, 6–2
Runner-up 4. December 10, 1991 Grand Slam Cup, Munich Carpet United States David Wheaton 5–7, 2–6, 4–6
Winner 6. February 3, 1992 San Francisco, US Hard United States Jim Courier 6–3, 6–3
Winner 7. March 2, 1992 Indian Wells, US Hard Russia Andrei Chesnokov 6–3, 6–4, 7–5
Winner 8. March 13, 1992 Key Biscayne, US Hard Argentina Alberto Mancini 7–5, 7–5
Runner-up 5. April 13, 1992 Hong Kong, UK Hard United States Jim Courier 5–7, 3–6
Runner-up 6. December 8, 1992 Grand Slam Cup, Munich, Germany Carpet Germany Michael Stich 2–6, 3–6, 2–6
Winner 9. January 11, 1993 Jakarta, Indonesia Hard Germany Carl-Uwe Steeb 2–6, 6–2, 6–1
Winner 10. March 29, 1993 Osaka, Japan Hard Israel Amos Mansdorf 6–4, 6–4
Runner-up 7. August 2, 1993 Los Angeles, US Hard Netherlands Richard Krajicek 6–0, 6–7(3–7), 6–7(5–7)
Winner 11. August 9, 1993 Cincinnati, US Hard Sweden Stefan Edberg 7–5, 0–6, 6–4
Runner-up 8. August 23, 1993 Long Island, US Hard Switzerland Marc Rosset 4–6, 6–3, 1–6
Winner 12. September 27, 1993 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Hard Sweden Jonas Svensson 6–0, 6–4
Winner 13. October 18, 1993 Beijing, China Carpet Canada Greg Rusedski 7–6(7–5), 6–7(6–8), 6–4
Winner 14. January 10, 1994 Jakarta, Indonesia Hard Czech Republic David Rikl 6–3, 6–3
Runner-up 9. January 31, 1994 San Jose, US Hard Italy Renzo Furlan 6–3, 3–6, 5–7
Winner 15. February 14, 1994 Philadelphia, US Carpet Netherlands Paul Haarhuis 6–3, 6–2
Runner-up 10. April 4, 1994 Tokyo, Japan Hard United States Pete Sampras 4–6, 2–6
Winner 16. April 11, 1994 Hong Kong, UK Hard Australia Patrick Rafter 6–1, 6–3
Winner 17. April 25, 1994 Atlanta, US Clay United States Todd Martin 6–7(4–7), 7–6(7–4), 6–0
Winner 18. August 8, 1994 Cincinnati, US Hard Sweden Stefan Edberg 6–2, 7–5
Runner-up 11. October 10, 1994 Tokyo, Japan Carpet Croatia Goran Ivanišević 4–6, 4–6
Winner 19. October 17, 1994 Beijing, China Carpet Sweden Anders Järryd 7–5, 7–5
Runner-up 12. February 6, 1995 San Jose, US Hard United States Andre Agassi 2–6, 6–1, 3–6
Runner-up 13. February 20, 1995 Philadelphia, US Carpet Sweden Thomas Enqvist 6–0, 4–6, 0–6
Winner 20. April 17, 1995 Hong Kong, UK Hard Sweden Jonas Björkman 6–3, 6–1
Winner 21. May 1, 1995 Atlanta, US Clay United States Andre Agassi 6–2, 6–7(6–8), 6–4
Runner-up 14. May 29, 1995 French Open, Paris, France Clay Austria Thomas Muster 5–7, 2–6, 4–6
Runner-up 15. August 7, 1995 Cincinnati, US Hard United States Andre Agassi 5–7, 2–6
Winner 22. October 9, 1995 Tokyo, Japan Carpet Australia Mark Philippoussis 6–3, 6–4
Winner 23. October 16, 1995 Beijing, China Carpet Italy Renzo Furlan 7–5, 6–3
Runner-up 16. November 14, 1995 Tennis Masters Cup, Hanover Carpet (I) Germany Boris Becker 6–7(3–7), 0–6, 6–7(5–7)
Runner-up 17. January 15, 1996 Australian Open, Melbourne, Australia Hard Germany Boris Becker 2–6, 4–6, 6–2, 2–6
Winner 24. March 11, 1996 Indian Wells, US Hard Netherlands Paul Haarhuis 7–5, 6–1, 6–1
Runner-up 18. April 8, 1996 Hong Kong, UK Hard United States Pete Sampras 4–6, 6–3, 4–6
Winner 25. July 15, 1996 Washington, D.C., US Hard South Africa Wayne Ferreira 6–2, 6–4
Winner 26. July 29, 1996 Los Angeles, US Hard Netherlands Richard Krajicek 6–4, 6–3
Runner-up 19. August 5, 1996 Cincinnati, US Hard United States Andre Agassi 6–7(4–7), 4–6
Runner-up 20. August 26, 1996 US Open, New York City Hard United States Pete Sampras 1–6, 4–6, 6–7(3–7)
Runner-up 21. September 30, 1996 Singapore Carpet United States Jonathan Stark 4–6, 4–6
Winner 27. February 17, 1997 Memphis, US Hard Australia Todd Woodbridge 6–3, 6–4
Winner 28. March 10, 1997 Indian Wells, US Hard Czech Republic Bohdan Ulihrach 4–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–3
Winner 29. April 7, 1997 Hong Kong, UK Hard Australia Patrick Rafter 6–3, 6–3
Winner 30. April 21, 1997 Orlando, US Clay South Africa Grant Stafford 4–6, 6–2, 6–1
Winner 31. July 14, 1997 Washington, D.C., US Hard Czech Republic Petr Korda 5–7, 6–2, 6–1
Runner-up 22. February 16, 1998 Memphis, US Hard Australia Mark Philippoussis 3–6, 2–6
Runner-up 23. April 20, 1998 Orlando, US Clay United States Jim Courier 5–7, 6–3, 5–7
Winner 32. August 24, 1998 Boston, US Hard Netherlands Paul Haarhuis 6–3, 6–4
Winner 33. October 5, 1998 Shanghai, China Carpet Croatia Goran Ivanišević 4–6, 6–1, 6–2
Runner-up 24. January 10, 2000 Auckland, New Zealand Hard Sweden Magnus Norman 6–3, 3–6, 5–7
Winner 34. July 24, 2000 Los Angeles, US Hard United States Jan-Michael Gambill 6–7(2–7), 6–3, ret.

Singles performance timeline[edit]

Tournament 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 W–L SR
Grand Slam tournaments
Australian Open A A A A A 3R 2R A SF F SF 2R 2R 1R 1R 1R A 21–10 0 / 10
French Open A 3R W QF QF 3R 2R 3R F 3R 4R 3R 1R 3R 2R 1R 1R 38–15 1 / 16
Wimbledon A 2R 4R 4R 1R 1R 3R QF 2R 1R 1R 2R A 2R 2R 2R A 18–14 0 / 14
US Open 2R 4R 4R 3R 4R SF QF 4R QF F SF 2R 2R 2R 1R 2R 1R 43–17 0 / 17
Win–Loss 1–1 6–3 13–2 9–3 7–3 9–4 8–4 9–3 16–4 14–4 13–4 5–4 2–3 4–4 2–4 2–4 0–2 120–56 1 / 57
Year End Championship
ATP World Tour Finals A A RR A A RR RR RR F RR RR A A A A A A 7–16 0 / 7
ATP Masters Series
Indian Wells Masters A 1R QF A QF W SF 3R 3R W W A 1R 2R 1R 1R 1R 28–11 3 / 14
Miami Masters A A A A 3R W 1R 3R 2R QF 2R A 1R 2R 2R 1R 2R 18–11 1 / 12
Monte Carlo Masters A A A A A A A A A 1R A A A 1R 1R A A 0–3 0 / 3
Rome Masters A A A 1R A QF 1R SF 2R QF A 1R QF 2R 2R A A 17–10 0 / 10
Hamburg Masters A A A 1R A 2R 1R A A A A 2R 1R 1R 2R A A 3–7 0 / 7
Canada Masters A A A W 1R A 3R 3R QF A SF A 3R 2R 1R A A 15–8 1 / 9
Cincinnati Masters A QF QF QF 3R SF W W F F SF 2R QF 1R 2R 3R 1R 41–14 2 / 16
Madrid Masters (Stockholm) A A A 3R A A A 2R A A A A A A A A A 1–2 0 / 2
Paris Masters A A QF 1R SF 2R 3R SF QF 3R 2R 1R SF 3R A A A 18–12 0 / 12
Runners-up 0 0 1 2 1 2 2 3 5 5 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 24
Titles 0 1 2 1 1 3 5 6 4 3 5 2 0 1 0 0 0 34
Overall Win-Loss 4–4 23–13 47–17 36–21 47–20 57–23 66–21 66–21 65–19 65–19 57–21 35–17 30–22 42–26 16–21 7–16 2–10 662–312
Year End Ranking 163 30 5 15 15 6 8 6 5 2 3 29 48 32 94 124 383

References[edit]

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  8. ^ Roger Federer's chance at history arrives Sunday - Los Angeles Times
  9. ^ Andy Roddick - The Agony And The Ecstasy Of A Great Career | The Sunday Leader
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  13. ^ Under-arm serve (fr)
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  34. ^ a b Tanzer, Andrew (March 10, 1997). "Tiger Woods played here". Forbes. Retrieved September 11, 2014. 
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Further reading[edit]

  • Michael Chang: Tennis Champion (1993) by Pamela Dell ISBN 0-516-04185-1
  • Holding Serve Persevering On And Off The Court (June 4, 2002) by Michael Chang, Mike Yorkey ISBN 0-7852-6656-9

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
United States Andre Agassi
ATP Most Improved Player
1989
Succeeded by
United States Pete Sampras